C-Reactive Protein

Publication Title: 
PloS One

IMPORTANCE: Psychological and health-restorative benefits of mind-body therapies have been investigated, but their impact on the immune system remain less defined. OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first comprehensive review of available controlled trial evidence to evaluate the effects of mind-body therapies on the immune system, focusing on markers of inflammation and anti-viral related immune responses. METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO through September 1, 2013.

Author(s): 
Morgan, Nani
Irwin, Michael R.
Chung, Mei
Wang, Chenchen
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology Review

Yoga is increasingly used in clinical settings for a variety of mental and physical health issues, particularly stress-related illnesses and concerns, and has demonstrated promising efficacy. Yet the ways in which yoga reduces stress remain poorly understood. To examine the empirical evidence regarding the mechanisms through which yoga reduces stress, we conducted a systematic review of the literature, including any yoga intervention that measured stress as a primary dependent variable and tested a mechanism of the relationship with mediation.

Author(s): 
Riley, Kristen E.
Park, Crystal L.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

IMPORTANCE: Psychological and health-restorative benefits of mind-body therapies have been investigated, but their impact on the immune system remain less defined. OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first comprehensive review of available controlled trial evidence to evaluate the effects of mind-body therapies on the immune system, focusing on markers of inflammation and anti-viral related immune responses. METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO through September 1, 2013.

Author(s): 
Morgan, Nani
Irwin, Michael R.
Chung, Mei
Wang, Chenchen
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Only a small number of articles have investigated the relationship between mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and biomarkers. The aim of this systematic review was to study the effect of MBIs on specific biomarkers (cytokines, neuropeptides and C-reactive protein (CRP)) in both healthy subjects and cancer patients. METHODS: A search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and the Cochrane library between 1980 and September 2016. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies with 1110 participants were included.

Author(s): 
Sanada, Kenji
Alda Díez, Marta
Salas Valero, Montserrat
Pérez-Yus, María C.
Demarzo, Marcelo M. P.
Montero-Marin, Jesús
García-Toro, Mauro
García-Campayo, Javier
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology Review

Yoga is increasingly used in clinical settings for a variety of mental and physical health issues, particularly stress-related illnesses and concerns, and has demonstrated promising efficacy. Yet the ways in which yoga reduces stress remain poorly understood. To examine the empirical evidence regarding the mechanisms through which yoga reduces stress, we conducted a systematic review of the literature, including any yoga intervention that measured stress as a primary dependent variable and tested a mechanism of the relationship with mediation.

Author(s): 
Riley, Kristen E.
Park, Crystal L.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

IMPORTANCE: Psychological and health-restorative benefits of mind-body therapies have been investigated, but their impact on the immune system remain less defined. OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first comprehensive review of available controlled trial evidence to evaluate the effects of mind-body therapies on the immune system, focusing on markers of inflammation and anti-viral related immune responses. METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO through September 1, 2013.

Author(s): 
Morgan, Nani
Irwin, Michael R.
Chung, Mei
Wang, Chenchen
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Surgical Research

BACKGROUND: Lifespan extension is achieved through long-term application of dietary restriction (DR), and benefits of short-term dietary restriction on acute stress and inflammation have been observed. So far, the effects of short-term DR in humans are relatively unknown. We hypothesized that short-term DR in humans reduces the acute phase response following a well defined surgical trauma. METHODS: Thirty live kidney donors were randomized between 30% preoperative dietary restriction followed by 1 d of fasting (n=17) or a 4 d ad libitum regimen (n=13) prior to surgery.

Author(s): 
van Ginhoven, Tessa M.
Dik, Willem A.
Mitchell, James R.
Smits-te Nijenhuis, Marja A.
van Holten-Neelen, Conny
Hooijkaas, Herbert
Hoeijmakers, Jan H. J.
de Bruin, Ron W. F.
IJzermans, Jan N. M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

CONTEXT: Few studies have examined whether the inflammatory markers IL-6 and C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with exceptional longevity. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the association of serum CRP and IL-6 with adult lifespan. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a prospective, population-based study of 610 men and 743 postmenopausal women, mean age 73 yr, who had serum IL-6 and CRP measurements at baseline (1984-1987) and who were followed for mortality for up to 23 yr (through 2008).

Author(s): 
Wassel, Christina L.
Barrett-Connor, Elizabeth
Laughlin, Gail A.
Publication Title: 
Maturitas

As increasing numbers of individuals reach very advanced age, it is important to understand the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on both the achievement of exceptional longevity as well as the maintenance of optimal functional capacity. This includes determining the most appropriate biomarkers for monitoring changes in health and nutrition status and response to therapy in oldest old individuals.

Author(s): 
Hausman, Dorothy B.
Fischer, Joan G.
Johnson, Mary Ann
Publication Title: 
Hormone and Metabolic Research = Hormon- Und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones Et MÈtabolisme

Aging diminishes hormone secretion and target cell responsiveness, possibly due to loss of cell membrane fluidity or alteration of membrane phospholipids affecting signal transduction. We investigated whether a high omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid diet would improve endocrine function in 6 men and 6 women aged over 60 years. Subjects first ate an isocaloric control diet for 6 weeks, followed by an 8-week experimental diet, which included 720 g of fatty fish weekly plus 15 ml of sardine oil daily.

Author(s): 
Tsitouras, P. D.
Gucciardo, F.
Salbe, A. D.
Heward, C.
Harman, S. M.

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