Caco-2 Cells

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Molecular Sciences

In the present study, we firstly compared rat intestinal ?-glucosidase inhibitory activity by different ethanol-aqueous extractions from the dried fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz. The enzymatic assay showed that the 80% ethanol extract was more potent against maltase activity than both 50% and 100% ethanol extracts. By HPLC analysis, it was determined that the 80% ethanol extract had a higher content of chebulagic acid than each of 50% or 100% ethanol extract.

Author(s): 
Huang, Yi-Na
Zhao, Dong-Dong
Gao, Bo
Zhong, Kai
Zhu, Rui-Xue
Zhang, Yan
Xie, Wang-Jun
Jia, Li-Rong
Gao, Hong
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Candida albicans is one of the most prevalent human opportunistic pathogens. C. albicans undergoes a yeast-to-hyphal transition that has been identified as a virulence factor as well as a critical element for mature biofilm formation. A previous study in our lab showed retigeric acid B (RAB), a lichen derived pentacyclic triterpenoid, displayed synergistic antifungal activity with azoles. We now showed that this combination also proved to be adequate in combating the formation of hyphae in vitro.

Author(s): 
Chang, Wenqiang
Li, Ying
Zhang, Li
Cheng, Aixia
Liu, Yongqing
Lou, Hongxiang
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: In a variety of organisms, including mammals, caloric restriction improves metabolic status and lowers the incidence of chronic-degenerative diseases, ultimately leading to increased lifespan. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we show that knockout mice for Eps8, a regulator of actin dynamics, display reduced body weight, partial resistance to age- or diet-induced obesity, and overall improved metabolic status. Alteration in the liver gene expression profile, in behavior and metabolism point to a calorie restriction-like phenotype in Eps8 knockout mice.

Author(s): 
Tocchetti, Arianna
Soppo, Charlotte Blanche Ekalle
Zani, Fabio
Bianchi, Fabrizio
Gagliani, Maria Cristina
Pozzi, Benedetta
Rozman, Jan
Elvert, Ralf
Ehrhardt, Nicole
Rathkolb, Birgit
Moerth, Corinna
Horsch, Marion
Fuchs, Helmut
Gailus-Durner, ValÈrie
Beckers, Johannes
Klingenspor, Martin
Wolf, Eckhard
HrabÈ de Angelis, Martin
Scanziani, Eugenio
Tacchetti, Carlo
Scita, Giorgio
Di Fiore, Pier Paolo
Offenh‰user, Nina
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Pharmacology

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Widespread resistance to antimalarial drugs requires combination therapies with increasing risk of pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions. Here, we explore the capacity of antimalarial drugs to induce drug metabolism via activation of constitutive androstane receptors (CAR) by ligand binding. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A total of 21 selected antimalarials and 11 major metabolites were screened for binding to CAR isoforms using cellular and in vitro CAR-coactivator interaction assays, combined with in silico molecular docking.

Author(s): 
Burk, O.
Piedade, R.
Ghebreghiorghis, L.
Fait, J. T.
Nussler, A. K.
Gil, J. P.
Windshügel, B.
Schwab, M.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Free radicals are implicated in the aetiology of some gastrointestinal disorders such as gastric ulcer, colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel disease. In the present study we investigated the antioxidant and genoprotective activity of some rotenoids (i.e. boeravinones) isolated from the roots of Boerhaavia diffusa, a plant used in the Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract.

Author(s): 
Aviello, Gabriella
Canadanovic-Brunet, Jasna M.
Milic, Natasa
Capasso, Raffaele
Fattorusso, Ernesto
Taglialatela-Scafati, Orazio
Fasolino, Ines
Izzo, Angelo A.
Borrelli, Francesca
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences: Official Journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences

Traditionally Boswellia serrata extract is used in the Indian Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In 2002 the EMEA designated Boswellia an orphan drug status for the treatment of peritumoral oedema. Pharmacokinetic studies yielded low plasma concentrations of the active ingredients 11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (KBA) and 3-acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA). In continuation of the tests investigating the factors limiting bioavailability of boswellic acids, the present study examined the permeability of KBA and AKBA in human Caco-2 cell lines.

Author(s): 
Krüger, Phillip
Kanzer, Johanna
Hummel, Jessica
Fricker, Gert
Schubert-Zsilavecz, Manfred
Abdel-Tawab, Mona
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Free radicals are implicated in the aetiology of some gastrointestinal disorders such as gastric ulcer, colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel disease. In the present study we investigated the antioxidant and genoprotective activity of some rotenoids (i.e. boeravinones) isolated from the roots of Boerhaavia diffusa, a plant used in the Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract.

Author(s): 
Aviello, Gabriella
Canadanovic-Brunet, Jasna M.
Milic, Natasa
Capasso, Raffaele
Fattorusso, Ernesto
Taglialatela-Scafati, Orazio
Fasolino, Ines
Izzo, Angelo A.
Borrelli, Francesca
Publication Title: 
Drug Metabolism and Disposition: The Biological Fate of Chemicals

The purpose of present study was to determine the intestinal absorption and metabolism of genistein and its analogs to better understand the mechanisms responsible for their low oral bioavailability. The Caco-2 cell culture model and a perfused rat intestinal model were used for the study. In both models, permeabilities of aglycones (e.g., genistein) were comparable to well absorbed compounds, such as testosterone and propranolol.

Author(s): 
Liu, Yan
Hu, Ming
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of intestinal disposition in the first-pass metabolism of flavonoids. A four-site perfused rat intestinal model, rat liver and intestinal microsomes, Caco-2 cell microsomes, and the Caco-2 cell culture model were used. In the four-site model, approximately 28% of perfused aglycones are absorbed (approximately 450 nmol/30 min). Both absorption and subsequent excretion of metabolites were rapid and site-dependent (p < 0.05).

Author(s): 
Chen, Jun
Lin, Huimin
Hu, Ming
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms responsible for intestinal disposition of apigenin in the human Caco-2 cell culture model. The results indicated that most of the absorbed apigenin (10 microM) were conjugated and only a small fraction was transported intact. The amounts of conjugates excreted, especially that of the sulfate, were dependent on days-post-seeding. Apical efflux of apigenin sulfate did not change with concentration of apigenin (4 to 40 microM), whereas its basolateral efflux increased (p < 0.01) with concentration and plateaued at about 25 microM.

Author(s): 
Hu, Ming
Chen, June
Lin, Huimin

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