Calcium Channel Agonists

Publication Title: 
Brain Research

Our previous studies indicated that L-type calcium channel blocker diltiazem could potentiate pentobarbital-induced hypnosis through serotonergic system. In view of the important role of dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) on the sleep regulation and the pharmacological actions of calcium channel blocker, we presumed that Ca(2+) in the DRN may play an important role in sleep regulation in pentobarbital treated rats.

Author(s): 
Cui, Su-Ying
Cui, Xiang-Yu
Zhang, Juan
Wang, Zi-Jun
Yu, Bin
Sheng, Zhao-Fu
Zhang, Xue-Qiong
Shi, Xiao-Lei
Zhang, Yong-He
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology

External application of static magnetic fields (SMF), used specifically for the treatment of inflammatory conditions such as soft tissue injuries, has recently become popular as a complementary and/or alternative therapy with minimal investigation into efficacy or mechanism. Localized inflammation was induced via injection of inflammatory agents lambda-carrageenan (CA) or histamine into rat hindpaws, alone or in conjunction with pharmacological agents, resulting in a spatially and temporally defined inflammatory reaction.

Author(s): 
Morris, Cassandra E.
Skalak, Thomas C.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism

Dysmenorrhea is directly related to elevated PGF(2alpha) levels. It is treated with nonsteroid antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in Western medicine. Since NSAIDs produce many side effects, Chinese medicinal therapy is considered as a feasible alternative medicine. Adlay (Coix lachryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen Stapf.) has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for treating dysmenorrhea. However, the relationship between smooth muscle contraction and adlay extracts remains veiled.

Author(s): 
Hsia, Shih-Min
Kuo, Yueh-Hsiung
Chiang, Wenchang
Wang, Paulus S.
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