Calcium, Dietary

Publication Title: 
Geriatrics

Despite all that has been written, little evidence supports the notion that the American diet for the elderly needs major modifications (table 3). Particularly in counseling and assessing the elderly, physicians must keep in mind that whatever technique older patients used to reach their present age is probably better than what we can recommend.

Author(s): 
Freedman, M. L.
Ahronheim, J. C.
Publication Title: 
Annual Review of Nutrition

Increased longevity and improved medical management of children with chronic illnesses has led to a focus on the short- and long-term consequences of these conditions on bone health. Bone loss is influenced by diet, malabsorption, and disease-related imbalances in bone turnover. It may be exacerbated by common medications, especially corticosteroids.

Author(s): 
Abrams, S. A.
O'Brien, K. O.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Nutrition

The longevity and excellent health status of the population of Crete has been attributed to its lifestyle and dietary habits. The impact of Greek Orthodox Christian Church fasting on these dietary habits has never been studied. One hundred and twenty Greek Orthodox Christians living in Crete participated in a 1-year prospective study. One half of the subjects, who fasted regularly (fasters), and sixty non-faster controls were followed longitudinally for the three main fasting periods over 1 year; Christmas (40 d), Lent (48 d) and the Assumption (15 d).

Author(s): 
Sarri, Katerina O.
Linardakis, Manolis K.
Bervanaki, Frosso N.
Tzanakis, Nikolaos E.
Kafatos, Anthony G.
Publication Title: 
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. Despite the global importance of this cancer, until recently little was known about risk factors apart from the well-established factors: age, family history and country of birth. The large worldwide variation in prostate cancer risk and increased risk in migrants moving from low to high risk countries provides strong support for modifiable environmental factors.

Author(s): 
Itsiopoulos, Catherine
Hodge, Allison
Kaimakamis, Mary
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dietetic Association

BACKGROUND: Low intake of nutrients is associated with poor health outcomes. We examined the contribution of dietary supplementation to meeting recommended dietary intakes of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and vitamin C in participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a cohort of white, African-American, Hispanic, and Chinese-American participants ages 45 to 84 years. We also assessed the prevalence of intakes above Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs).

Author(s): 
Burnett-Hartman, Andrea N.
Fitzpatrick, Annette L.
Gao, Kun
Jackson, Sharon A.
Schreiner, Pamela J.
Publication Title: 
Food Chemistry

Osteoporosis is a significant health concern for the elderly; conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been shown to improve overall bone mass when calcium is included as a co-supplement. However, potential effects of CLA and calcium on bone mass during a period of bone loss have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to determine how dietary calcium modulates the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in preventing bone loss, using an ovariectomised mouse model.

Author(s): 
Park, Yooheon
Kim, Jonggun
Scrimgeour, Angus G.
Condlin, Michelle L.
Kim, Daeyoung
Park, Yeonhwa
Publication Title: 
Orvosi Hetilap

Due to its incidence and clinical consequences osteoporosis followed by vertebral, hip, and forearm fractures represents an outstanding problem of nowadays' health care. Because of its high mortality rate hip fractures are of special interest. The number of fractures caused by postmenopausal osteoporosis increases with age. Costs of examinations and treatment of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis and fractures are also increasing and represent a significant amount all over the world.

Author(s): 
László, Adám
Publication Title: 
Behavioral Medicine (Washington, D.C.)

The authors analyzed data from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation Trial (CaD) to learn more about factors affecting adherence to clinical trial study pills (both active and placebo). Most participants (36,282 postmenopausal women aged 50-79 years) enrolled in CaD 1 year after joining either a hormone trial or the dietary modification trial of WHI. The WHI researchers measured adherence to study pills by weighing the amount of remaining pills at an annual study visit; adherence was primarily defined as taking > or = 80% of the pills.

Author(s): 
Brunner, R.
Dunbar-Jacob, J.
Leboff, M. S.
Granek, I.
Bowen, D.
Snetselaar, L. G.
Shumaker, S. A.
Ockene, J.
Rosal, M.
Wactawski-Wende, J.
Cauley, J.
Cochrane, B.
Tinker, L.
Jackson, R.
Wang, C. Y.
Wu, L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: The Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research

A higher calcium intake is still the primary recommendation for the prevention of osteoporosis, whereas vitamin D deficiency is often not addressed. To study the relative importance of dietary calcium intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] status in regard to hip BMD, 4958 community-dwelling women and 5003 men >/=20 yr of age from the U.S. NHANES III population-based survey were studied. Calcium supplement users and individuals with a prior radius or hip fracture were excluded.

Author(s): 
Bischoff-Ferrari, Heike A.
Kiel, Douglas P.
Dawson-Hughes, Bess
Orav, John E.
Li, Ruifeng
Spiegelman, Donna
Dietrich, Thomas
Willett, Walter C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dietetic Association

BACKGROUND: Low intake of nutrients is associated with poor health outcomes. We examined the contribution of dietary supplementation to meeting recommended dietary intakes of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and vitamin C in participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a cohort of white, African-American, Hispanic, and Chinese-American participants ages 45 to 84 years. We also assessed the prevalence of intakes above Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs).

Author(s): 
Burnett-Hartman, Andrea N.
Fitzpatrick, Annette L.
Gao, Kun
Jackson, Sharon A.
Schreiner, Pamela J.

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