Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation helps in prolonging the lifespan of surgically placed right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduits, and represents a less invasive alternative to repeat open-heart surgery. The clinical indications for treatment match those of surgery. As far as the suitability is concerned, the current ideal substrate is a degenerated RV-PA conduit, because of the presence of a certain degree of calcification that offers a safe anchoring point.
Type Ia tricuspid atresia, with extensive coronary artery abnormalities, is identified in the oldest living patient with this condition, a 22 year old woman. Clinical characteristics include severe cyanosis, effort dyspnea, myocardial infarction in the past and persistent angina pectoris. "Ideal" pulmonary flow and adequate left ventricular function, despite an akinetic apical segment, are substantive factors for this exceptional longevity.
Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
This paper applies instrumental variable (IV) techniques and estimates the average benefits of invasive surgical treatments for marginal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients by insurance coverage. The study uses data from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), State Inpatient Databases for the state of Washington, for years 1988-1993. We observed differences in average benefits for marginal patients across insurance subpopulations that cannot be explained by differences in measured clinical circumstances.
BACKGROUND: Data from a pilot study suggested that noetic therapies-healing practices that are not mediated by tangible elements-can reduce preprocedural distress and might affect outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. We undertook a multicentre, prospective trial of two such practices: intercessory prayer and music, imagery, and touch (MIT) therapy.
In two patients with massive pulmonary embolism and cardiogenic shock requiring mechanical ventilation and prolonged external cardiac massage, occluded pulmonary arteries were recanalized by primary mechanical fragmentation of thrombi using a percutaneously inserted catheter followed by fibrinolytic therapy. The hemodynamic and respiratory parameters rapidly and greatly improved. Pulmonary angiography before discharge revealed normal results in both patients. No central neurological abnormalities were detected.
A 53-year-old woman who had severe mitral regurgitation associated with moderate tricuspid regurgitation and mild aortic regurgitation underwent mitral valve replacement with a 27 mm Björk-Shiley mechanical valve, left atrial plication and tricuspid annuloplasty. She fell into low output syndrome on the first postoperative day because of persistent intractable ventricular arrhythmia and eventually required open cardiac massage. The left ventricular (LV) bypass using a centrifugal pump was initiated with cannulation to ascending aorta and left atrium.
CONTEXT: Anxiety and its pharmacological treatment can interfere with cardiac catheterization. Massage therapy has been used primarily in nonmedical settings for relaxation and stress reduction, and some research demonstrates its efficacy in medical environments. OBJECTIVE: First, to determine whether massage could be administered under "normal" conditions in an interventional cardiology center. Second, to evaluate the efficacy of massage in reducing anxiety before, during, and after a cardiac catheterization procedure.