Psychosocial stress is a nontraditional risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality that may respond to behavioral or psychosocial interventions. To date, studies applying such interventions have reported a wide range of success rates in treatment or prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The authors focus on a natural medicine approach that research indicates reduces both psychosocial and traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease-the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program.
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and inflammation are crucial in atherogenesis. alpha-Tocopherol is both an antioxidant and an antiinflammatory agent. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of RRR-alpha-tocopherol supplementation on carotid atherosclerosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) on drug therapy. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blind trial compared RRR-alpha-tocopherol (1200 IU/d for 2 y) with placebo in 90 patients with CAD. Intimal medial thickness (IMT) of both carotid arteries was measured by high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography at 0, 1, 1.5, and 2 y.
We investigated 76 patients with carotid sinus syndrome followed over a time period of 12-40 months (mean 24 months). In 27 patients long-term ECG were recorded over 24 hours continuously. Carotid Doppler sonography was performed in all patients. 14 patients were studied electrophysiologically. The long-term ECG examinations in patients with carotid sinus syndrome showed a significant tendency to nocturnal bradycardia, and normal heart frequency during the day. In 41% of patients extracranial obstruction of internal carotid arteries could be demonstrated.
Because syncope may occur intermittently in patients with carotid sinus hypersensitivity, a knowledge of its natural history is needed as a basis for interpreting the usefulness of therapy. Fifty-six consecutive patients are described (47 men and 9 women; mean age 61 years) with carotid sinus hypersensitivity and syncope in whom 24 hour ambulatory monitoring and intracardiac electrophysiologic study revealed no other cause for the syncope. The mean duration of symptoms was 44 months (range 1 to 480) and the mean number of episodes was 4.0 (range 1 to 20).
The aim of the study was to evaluate the importance of atrial synchronism for pacing therapy of patients with mixed carotid sinus syndrome. On 23 patients (21 m, 2 f; mean age 69 +/- 8 years) affected by symptomatic mixed carotid sinus syndrome we performed: 1) the study of ventriculo-atrial conduction, 2) the evaluation of pacemaker effect and 3) the carotid sinus massage in standing position during VVI and DVI temporary pacing. All patients received a permanent DVI pacemaker and then underwent a two-month period single-blind, randomized, cross-over study on DVI vs VVI mode.
The carotid sinus syndrome is a well-known cause of syncope: the cardio-inhibitory forms are the easiest to diagnose and probably the easiest to treat. However, the vasodepressive forms are as common but their outcome is mainly unknown. Eight hundred and fifty-three patients underwent endocavitary electrophysiological studies with invasive blood pressure measurement for unexplained syncope between October 1984 and January 1990. A carotid sinus syndrome was diagnosed in 215 cases.
BACKGROUND: Syncope is a frequent reason for hospital admissions or emergency department visits with a broad differential diagnosis. Convulsive syncope is often falsely interpreted as an epileptic disorder. However, due to cerebral hypoperfusion, all forms of syncope can be associated with convulsions. In elderly patients with coronary heart disease or hypertension, "neurocardiogenic" causes, especially the carotid sinus syndrome, should be searched for.
BACKGROUND: Neurally mediated reflex syncope is the most common cause of transient loss of consciousness. In patients not responding to non-pharmacological treatment, pharmacological or pacemaker treatment might be considered. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of pharmacological therapy and pacemaker implantation in patients with vasovagal syncope, carotid sinus syncope and situational syncope.
Interventional Neuroradiology: Journal of Peritherapeutic Neuroradiology, Surgical Procedures and Related Neurosciences
We describe a patient with subcutaneous hematoma associated with manual cervical massage during carotid artery stenting.A 73-year-old man with left cervical carotid artery stenosis presented with left amaurosis fugax. We performed carotid artery stenting using distal embolic protection with balloon occlusion. Dual antiplatelet therapy was maintained in the periprocedural period and an anticoagulant agent was administered during the procedure.