Case-Control Studies

Publication Title: 
NeuroRehabilitation

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a well-established sequela of people suffering from neurological pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of exercise intervention programs on cognitive performance in participants suffering from stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Four online databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PEDro) were comprehensively searched from their inception through December 2014.

Author(s): 
Kalron, Alon
Zeilig, Gabi
Publication Title: 
Clinical Rheumatology

It has been suggested that yoga has a positive effect on low back pain and function. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment option for low back pain. Seven databases were searched from their inception to March 2011. Randomized clinical trials were considered if they investigated yoga in patients with low back pain and if they assessed pain as an outcome measure. The selection of studies, data extraction and validation were performed independently by two reviewers.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Current Medical Research and Opinion

OBJECTIVE: This review addresses the relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use disorders (SUDs), with an emphasis on factors that determine the potential for psychostimulant abuse. Strategies for identification and treatment of patients with ADHD who are at risk for, or have, co-morbid SUD are also addressed. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The article was based on a qualitative review of current literature addressing co-morbid ADHD and SUD.

Author(s): 
Kollins, Scott H.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

The objective of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate the clinical evidence of the effect of qigong exercise on immunity and its efficacy in the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Thirteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011, and all controlled clinical trials of qigong exercise on immunity and infections were included. Quality and validity of the included studies were evaluated using standard scales.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chong-Wen
Ng, Siu-man
Ho, Rainbow T. H.
Ziea, Eric T. C.
Wong, Vivian C. W.
Chan, Cecilia L. W.
Publication Title: 
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue = National Journal of Andrology

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of acupuncture on chronic prostatitis. METHODS: We retrieved all the case-control studies on acupuncture for chronic prostatitis before August 2007 in MEDLINE and CNKI databases, screened the eligible literature according to the selection and exclusion criteria, and performed meta-analyses of the included studies with the software Revman 4. 2. RESULTS: Thirteen eligible reports were identified in this study, including 861 cases and 738 controls.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chun-Yang
Han, Rui-Fa
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion

In Clinical Practice Guideline of Evidence-based Acupuncture and Moxibustion, following principles and methods of evidence-based medicine, in combination with characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion science, primary literature quality assessment criteria and corresponding scale were stipulated and were repeatedly seeked advice from experts and proved, finally, forming the assessment criteria: (1) Evaluation criteria of literature quality for RCT; (2) Evaluation criteria of literature quality for non-randomly controlled trials; (3) Evaluation criteria of literature quality for cases-s

Author(s): 
Liu, Zhi-shun
Peng, Wei-Na
Mao, Mei
Deng, Yan-Hua
Wang, Jing
Publication Title: 
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue = National Journal of Andrology

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of acupuncture on chronic prostatitis. METHODS: We retrieved all the case-control studies on acupuncture for chronic prostatitis before August 2007 in MEDLINE and CNKI databases, screened the eligible literature according to the selection and exclusion criteria, and performed meta-analyses of the included studies with the software Revman 4. 2. RESULTS: Thirteen eligible reports were identified in this study, including 861 cases and 738 controls.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chun-Yang
Han, Rui-Fa
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of action underlying acupuncture, including acupuncture point specificity, are not well understood. In the previous decade, an increasing number of studies have applied fMRI to investigate brain response to acupuncture stimulation. Our aim was to provide a systematic overview of acupuncture fMRI research considering the following aspects: 1) differences between verum and sham acupuncture, 2) differences due to various methods of acupuncture manipulation, 3) differences between patients and healthy volunteers, 4) differences between different acupuncture points.

Author(s): 
Huang, Wenjing
Pach, Daniel
Napadow, Vitaly
Park, Kyungmo
Long, Xiangyu
Neumann, Jane
Maeda, Yumi
Nierhaus, Till
Liang, Fanrong
Witt, Claudia M.
Publication Title: 
The Laryngoscope

OBJECTIVES: Acupuncture has been shown to reduce pain, nausea, and vomiting. However, its use alongside surgical interventions remains a novel practice, despite the increasing applications of alternative medicine. The goal of this meta-analysis was to perform a systematic review of the literature addressing the effect of acupuncture on postoperative pain, nausea, and vomiting following tonsillectomy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane database. METHODS: Two authors independently searched the databases from the inception of article collection until June 2015.

Author(s): 
Cho, Hye Kyung
Park, In Joon
Jeong, Yeon Min
Lee, Yeon Ji
Hwang, Se Hwan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to critically appraise and synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of noninvasive interventions, excluding pharmacological treatments, for musculoskeletal thoracic pain. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies, and case-control studies evaluating the effectiveness of noninvasive interventions were eligible. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials accessed through Ovid Technologies, Inc, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text accessed through EBSCOhost from 1990 to 2015.

Author(s): 
Southerst, Danielle
Marchand, Andrée-Anne
Côté, Pierre
Shearer, Heather M.
Wong, Jessica J.
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Randhawa, Kristi
Sutton, Deborah
Yu, Hainan
Gross, Douglas P.
Jacobs, Craig
Goldgrub, Rachel
Stupar, Maja
Mior, Silvano
Carroll, Linda J.
Taylor-Vaisey, Anne

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