Cattle

Publication Title: 
The Veterinary Record

Eighteen Norwegian dairy farmers were interviewed to examine their reasons for using homoeopathic treatments in managing their herds' health. Overall, they chose the treatments on the basis of factors related to their personal experience, considerations of individual animals and the framework for dairy production. For individual animals homoeopathy was used as an alternative to conventional veterinary treatment, but at the herd level it was used to complement it.

Author(s): 
Hektoen, L.
Publication Title: 
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. Supplementum

Alternative therapy of animals is described, in the meaning of alternatives to veterinary therapy traditionally accepted by veterinary faculties and schools and included in their curricula. Alternative therapy composes of different disciplines, of which homeopathy is emphasised in this presentation. Information is given on the use and interest of such therapy among veterinarians and animal owners. Homeopathy as other alternative therapies, may offer great advances, if they induce any effect. Some of the disciplines are based on a scientifically accepted documentation.

Author(s): 
Løken, T.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

Acupuncture is a popular complementary treatment option in human medicine. Increasingly, owners also seek acupuncture for their animals. The aim of the systematic review reported here was to summarize and assess the clinical evidence for or against the effectiveness of acupuncture in veterinary medicine. Systematic searches were conducted on Medline, Embase, Amed, Cinahl, Japana Centra Revuo Medicina and Chikusan Bunken Kensaku. Hand-searches included conference proceedings, bibliographies, and contact with experts and veterinary acupuncture associations.

Author(s): 
Habacher, Gabriele
Pittler, Max H.
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Arthritis and Rheumatism

OBJECTIVE: Chebulagic acid (CHE) from the immature seeds of Terminalia chebula was identified from a natural product library as a potent suppressor of T cell activity. This study examined the effectiveness of CHE against the onset and progression of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. METHODS: Arthritis was induced in DBA/1J mice by subcutaneous immunization with bovine type II collagen on days 0 and 21. CHE was administered intraperitoneally for 3 weeks, either as prophylaxis (10 or 20 mg/kg) before disease onset or as therapy (20 mg/kg) after disease onset.

Author(s): 
Lee, Sang-Ik
Hyun, Pung-Mi
Kim, Seung-Hyung
Kim, Kyoung-Shin
Lee, Sang-Keun
Kim, Byoung-Soo
Maeng, Pil Jae
Lim, Jong-Soon
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Pestalotiopsis species were most dominant endophytic species isolated from four medicinal plants including Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia chebula, Azadirachta indica, and Holarrhena antidysenterica. Thirty Pestalotiopsis species isolated from different parts of the medicinal plants were selected for the study. The antioxidant and antihypertensive properties of Pestalotiopsis isolates were determined by measuring 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl inhibitory activity, lipid peroxidation, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition activity. Pestalotiopsis isolates of T.

Author(s): 
Tejesvi, Mysore V.
Kini, Kukkundoor R.
Prakash, Harishchandra S.
Subbiah, Ven
Shetty, Hunthrike S.
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

CONTEXT: Bacterial ureases play an important role in pathogenesis of urinary infections. Selection of plants was done on the basis of their uses by the local people for the treatment of various bacterial and urinary infections. OBJECTIVE: Our investigation screens and evaluates 15 Indian medicinal plants for their possible urease inhibitory activity as well as their ability to inhibit bacteria causing urinary infections.

Author(s): 
Bai, Sheema
Bharti, Pooja
Seasotiya, Leena
Malik, Anupma
Dalal, Sunita
Publication Title: 
Animal Science Journal = Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho

This study investigates the effects of Terminalia chebula Retz. meal supplementation on rumen fermentation and methane (CH4 ) production by using an in vitro gas technique. The experimental design was a completely randomized design (CRD) and the dietary treatments were T. chebula supplementation at 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20?mg with 0.5?g of roughage and concentrate ratio at 60:40. The results revealed that cumulative gas production (96?h of incubation) were higher (P?<?0.01) with T. chebula supplementation at 12, 16 and 20?mg than other treatments.

Author(s): 
Anantasook, Nirawan
Wanapat, Metha
Gunun, Pongsatorn
Cherdthong, Anusorn
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the selective loss of motor neurons in the spinal cord, brain stem, and motor cortex. Mutations in superoxide dismutase (SOD1) are associated with familial ALS and lead to SOD1 protein misfolding and aggregation. Here we show that the molecular chaperone, HSJ1 (DNAJB2), mutations in which cause distal hereditary motor neuropathy, can reduce mutant SOD1 aggregation and improve motor neuron survival in mutant SOD1 models of ALS.

Author(s): 
Novoselov, Sergey S.
Mustill, Wendy J.
Gray, Anna L.
Dick, James R.
Kanuga, Naheed
Kalmar, Bernadett
Greensmith, Linda
Cheetham, Michael E.
Publication Title: 
The Science of the Total Environment

Aluminum is liberated from aluminosilicates of soil clays and protracted Al intake by humans in food and medications has been shown to be a potential hazard to human health. Encephalopathology, senility, and lower statistical longevity were found to be geographically and geochemically linked to acid soil conditions. We examined the interrelation of soil environmental supply of Al3+(6H2O) to the food-plant-animal-human chain (e.g., in tea leaves, approximately 1000 mg L-1) and to identified health hazards.

Author(s): 
Jackson, M. L.
Huang, P. M.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Biochemistry
Author(s): 
Bard, J. M.
Fruchart, J. C.

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