Cell Death

Publication Title: 
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)

Terminalia chebula, native to Southeast Asia, is a popular medicinal plant in Ayurveda. It has been previously reported to have strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory efficacy. In this study, we aimed to investigate if fruit extract from T. chebula might protect neuronal cells against ischemia and related diseases by reduction of oxidative damage and inflammation in rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12) using in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation followed by reoxygenation (OGD-R) ischemia and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced cell death.

Author(s): 
Gaire, Bhakta Prasad
Jamarkattel-Pandit, Nirmala
Lee, Donghun
Song, Jungbin
Kim, Ji Young
Park, Juyeon
Jung, Soyoung
Choi, Ho-Young
Kim, Hocheol
Publication Title: 
Experimental Cell Research

SV40 T-antigen-expressing human cells generally have an extension of lifespan until a period called "crisis" begins. On rare occasions a clone of cells emerges from the population in crisis and gives rise to an immortalized cell line. The present study compares the frequency of immortalization of cells from two different human lineages, lung fibroblasts and mammary epithelial cells.

Author(s): 
Shay, J. W.
Van Der Haegen, B. A.
Ying, Y.
Wright, W. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cellular Physiology

Normal human fibroblasts in culture have a limited lifespan, ending in replicative senescence. Introduction of SV40 sequences encoding large T antigen and small t antigen into pre-senescent cells results in an extension of lifespan for an additional 20-30 population doublings.

Author(s): 
Macera-Bloch, Lisa
Houghton, JeanMarie
Lenahan, Melanie
Jha, Krishna K.
Ozer, Harvey L.
Publication Title: 
Biogerontology

Normal human cells have a finite proliferative potential in vitro. However, some DNA viral proteins, such as SV40 Tg, can alter this and extend the lifespan after which the cells enter crisis, a period when massive cell death occurs. Based on these observations, a two-stage model for cellular senescence has been proposed with a distinct function for each stage.

Author(s): 
Rubelj, Ivica
Huzak, Miljenko
Brdar, Branko
Pereira-Smith, Olivia M.
Publication Title: 
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences

Acetylation of chromatin-interacting proteins is central to the epigenetic regulation of genome architecture and gene expression. Chemicals that modulate the acetylation of nuclear proteins have proved instrumental in experimental models of several human diseases. Sirtuins represent a new class of evolutionary conserved histone deacetylases, originally identified in yeast, that have emerging pathogenetic roles in cancer, diabetes, muscle differentiation, heart failure, neurodegeneration and aging.

Author(s): 
Porcu, Marco
Chiarugi, Alberto
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

In investigating the role of metal ions in the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease, we examined the effects of clioquinol, a metal-binding compound currently in clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease treatment, on mutant huntingtin-expressing cells. We found that PC12 cells expressing polyglutamine-expanded huntingtin exon 1 accumulated less mutant protein and showed decreased cell death when treated with clioquinol. This effect was polyglutamine-length-specific and did not alter mRNA levels or protein degradation rates.

Author(s): 
Nguyen, Trent
Hamby, Aaron
Massa, Stephen M.
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

Proteasome-dependent degradation has been extensively investigated and has been shown to play a vital role in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. Proteasome activity and expression are reduced during aging and replicative senescence. Its activation has been shown to confer lifespan extension in human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs), whereas partial proteasome inhibition triggers an irreversible premature senescent state in young HDFs.

Author(s): 
Chondrogianni, Niki
Trougakos, Ioannis P.
Kletsas, Dimitris
Chen, Qin M.
Gonos, Efstathios S.
Publication Title: 
Aging

Caloric restriction, that is limiting food intake, is recognized in mammals as the best characterized and most reproducible strategy for extending lifespan, retarding physiological aging and delaying the onset of age-associated diseases. The aim of this mini review is to argue that p53 is the connection in the abilities of both the Sirt-1 pathway and the TOR pathway to impact on longevity of cells and organisms.

Author(s): 
Tucci, Paola
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark. (EUE), has commonly been used to fortify the muscles and lungs, lower blood pressure, prevent miscarriage, improve the tone of liver and kidneys, and promote longevity the traditional tonic medicines of Korea, China, and Japan. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we investigated that the neuroprotective activities and possible mechanisms of EUE aqueous extract in hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced neuronal cell death in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Author(s): 
Kwon, Seung-Hwan
Kim, Min-Jung
Ma, Shi-Xun
You, In-Jee
Hwang, Ji-Young
Oh, Ji-Hwan
Kim, Sun-Yeou
Kim, Hyoung-Chun
Lee, Seok-Yong
Jang, Choon-Gon
Publication Title: 
Aging

Caloric restriction, that is limiting food intake, is recognized in mammals as the best characterized and most reproducible strategy for extending lifespan, retarding physiological aging and delaying the onset of age-associated diseases. The aim of this mini review is to argue that p53 is the connection in the abilities of both the Sirt-1 pathway and the TOR pathway to impact on longevity of cells and organisms.

Author(s): 
Tucci, Paola

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