Cell Proliferation

Publication Title: 
Scientific Reports

Acupuncture has been used for patients with stroke and post-stroke rehabilitation for thousands of years. Previous studies reported that acupuncture enhanced stroke recovery through neurogenesis. Hence, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis for preclinical studies to assess the current evidence for acupuncture effect on neurogenesis in treating ischaemic stroke.

Author(s): 
Lu, Lin
Zhang, Xiao-guang
Zhong, Linda L. D.
Chen, Zi-xian
Li, Yan
Zheng, Guo-Qing
Bian, Zhao-Xiang
Publication Title: 
Die Pharmazie

In an effort to identify a new chemopreventive agent, the present study was conducted to investigate the role of T. chebula in the prevention of ferric nitrilotriacetic acid (Fe- NTA) induced oxidative stress and renal tumorigenesis in Wistar rats. A single application of Fe-NTA (9 mg Fe/kg body weight, intraperitoneally) significantly induced oxidative stress and elevated the marker parameters of tumor promotion. However, the pretreatment of animals with different doses of T.

Author(s): 
Prasad, L.
Khan, T. H.
Jahangir, T.
Sultana, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Terminalia chebula has an esteemed origin in Indian mythology; its fruits are used to treat many diseases such as digestive, diabetes, colic pain, chronic cough, sore throat, asthma, etc. AIM OF THE STUDY: The water or ethanolic extracts of the fruits were reported to have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and radio-protector properties. The present study is to isolate and identify the compounds that inhibit COX and 5-LOX, the key enzymes involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis.

Author(s): 
Reddy, D. Bharat
Reddy, T. C. M.
Jyotsna, G.
Sharan, Satish
Priya, Nalini
Lakshmipathi, V.
Reddanna, Pallu
Publication Title: 
Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS

The antibacterial activity of acetone, hexane, dichloromethane leaf extract of five Terminalia species (Terminalia alata Heyne ex Roth., Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wt. and Am., Terminalia bellerica (Gaertn.) Roxb., Terminalia catappa L. and Terminalia chebula Retz.) were tested by Agar-well-diffusion method against human pathogens E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. The Rf values and relative activities of separated compounds were tested.

Author(s): 
Shinde, S. L.
Junne, S. B.
Wadje, S. S.
Baig, M. M. V.
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

CONTEXT: The Thai Lanna region has its own folklores and wisdoms in various fields such as traditional medicines. The galls of Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) frequently appear in many Thai Lanna medicinal plant recipes for promoting longevity. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the in vitro anti-aging activities of the extracts from 15 plants including T. chebula gall selected from the Thai medicinal plant recipes that have been traditionally used for longevity.

Author(s): 
Manosroi, Aranya
Jantrawut, Pensak
Akihisa, Toshihiro
Manosroi, Worapaka
Manosroi, Jiradej
Publication Title: 
Natural Product Research

The aqueous extract of galls from Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) was fractionated on Diaion and refractionated on octadecyl silica column. Six phenolic compounds were isolated and identified as gallic acid (1), punicalagin (2), isoterchebulin (3), 1,3,6-tri-O-galloyl-?-D-glucopyranose (4), chebulagic acid (5) and chebulinic acid (6). All of the compounds showed stronger 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging and melanin inhibitory activities than ascorbic acid, butylated hydroxytoluene, ?-tocopherol, arbutin and kojic acid, the reference compounds.

Author(s): 
Manosroi, Aranya
Jantrawut, Pensak
Akazawa, Hiroyuki
Akihisa, Toshihiro
Manosroi, Jiradej
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

BACKGROUND: Persistent activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC-T6) has been known to cause liver fibrosis. In this study, our objective was to investigate the effects of chebulagic acid and chebulinic acid, two hydrolysable tannins of tropical almond (Terminalia chebula) fruits, on collagen synthesis and signal transduction in transforming growth factor-?1-stimulated HSC-T6 cells.

Author(s): 
Chuang, Hsin-Ying
Ng, Lean-Teik
Lin, Liang-Tzung
Chang, Jung-San
Chen, Jen-Yang
Lin, Ta-Chen
Lin, Chun-Ching
Publication Title: 
Medicinal Chemistry (Shariqah (United Arab Emirates))

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) specific inhibitors are anti-inflammatory agents that have also shown to be useful in anticancer therapy. The effects of chebulagic acid (CA), a benzopyran tannin from Terminalia chebula having COX-2/5-LOX dual inhibitory properties, on the sensitivity of doxorubicin (Dox) in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 were studied in the present investigation. CA increased the accumulation of Dox in a concentration dependant manner and also enhanced the cytotoxicity of Dox in HepG2 cells by 20 folds.

Author(s): 
Achari, Chandrani
Reddy, Gorla V.
Reddy, T. C. M.
Reddanna, Pallu
Publication Title: 
Chemistry & Biodiversity

Nine phenolic compounds, including two phenolic carboxylic acids, 1 and 2, seven hydrolyzable tannins, 3-9, eight triterpenoids, including four oleanane-type triterpene acids, 10-13, and four of their glucosides, 14-17, isolated from a MeOH extract of the gall of Terminalia chebula Retz.

Author(s): 
Manosroi, Aranya
Jantrawut, Pensak
Ogihara, Eri
Yamamoto, Ayako
Fukatsu, Makoto
Yasukawa, Ken
Tokuda, Harukuni
Suzuki, Nobutaka
Manosroi, Jiradej
Akihisa, Toshihiro
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Plants are the valuable source of natural products with important medicinal properties. Most of the approved anti cancer drugs have a natural product origin or are natural products. Retinoblastoma is the most common ocular cancer of children. Although chemotherapy is the preferred mode of therapy, a successful treatment for retinoblastoma requires enucleation. Chebulagic acid (CA) from Terminalia chebula was shown to have anti-proliferative properties in the studies on cancerous cell lines.

Author(s): 
Kumar, Naresh
Gangappa, D.
Gupta, Geetika
Karnati, Roy

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