Cell Shape

Publication Title: 
Biogerontology

The premature ageing ataxia telangiectasia (AT) and Werner syndromes (WS) are associated with accelerated cellular ageing. Young WS fibroblasts have an aged appearance and activated p38 MAP kinase, and treatment with the p38 inhibitor SB230580 extends their lifespan to within the normal range. SB203580 also extends the replicative lifespan of normal adult dermal fibroblasts, however, the effect is much reduced when compared to WS cells, suggesting that WS fibroblasts undergo a form of stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS).

Author(s): 
Davis, Terence
Kipling, David
Publication Title: 
Stem Cells Translational Medicine

Recent advances in somatic cell reprogramming have highlighted the plasticity of the somatic epigenome, particularly through demonstrations of direct lineage reprogramming of adult mouse and human fibroblasts to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and induced neurons (iNs) under defined conditions. However, human cells appear to be less plastic and have a higher epigenetic hurdle for reprogramming to both iPSCs and iNs. Here, we show that SH2B adaptor protein 1?

Author(s): 
Hsu, Yi-Chao
Chen, Su-Liang
Wang, Ya-Jean
Chen, Yun-Hsiang
Wang, Dan-Yen
Chen, Linyi
Chen, Chia-Hsiang
Chen, Hwei-Hsien
Chiu, Ing-Ming
Publication Title: 
Journal of Biomedical Science

BACKGROUND: Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin, isolated from the traditional Chinese herb Artemisia annua, is recommended as the first-line anti-malarial drug with low toxicity. DHA has been shown to possess promising anticancer activities and induce cancer cell death through apoptotic pathways, although the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. METHODS: In this study, cell counting kit (CCK-8) assay was employed to evaluate the survival of DHA-treated ASTC-a-1 cells.

Author(s): 
Lu, Ying-Ying
Chen, Tong-Sheng
Qu, Jun-Le
Pan, Wen-Liang
Sun, Lei
Wei, Xun-Bin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ancient Indian ayurvedic literature prescribes Tinospora cordifolia as a remedy to rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory and allied diseases of musculo skeletal system. AIM: To investigate the effects of the alcoholic extract of Tinospora cordifolia (TC) on the proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of bone like matrix on osteoblast model systems in vitro and hence its possible use as a potential anti-osteoporotic agent.

Author(s): 
Abiramasundari, G.
Sumalatha, K. R.
Sreepriya, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound isolated from Curcuma longa (Turmeric) is widely used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. Its potential therapeutic effects on a variety of diseases have long been known. Though anti-tumour effects of curcumin have been reported earlier, its mode of action and telomerase inhibitory effects are not clearly determined in brain tumour cells. In the present study, we demonstrate that curcumin binds to cell surface membrane and infiltrates into cytoplasm to initiate apoptotic events.

Author(s): 
Khaw, Aik Kia
Hande, M. Pradeepa
Kalthur, Guruprasad
Hande, M. Prakash
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology

Cytoskeleton-dependent changes in cell shape are well-established factors regulating a wide range of cellular functions including signal transduction, gene expression, and matrix adhesion. Although the importance of mechanical forces on cell shape and function is well established in cultured cells, very little is known about these effects in whole tissues or in vivo. In this study we used ex vivo and in vivo models to investigate the effect of tissue stretch on mouse subcutaneous tissue fibroblast morphology.

Author(s): 
Langevin, Helene M.
Bouffard, Nicole A.
Badger, Gary J.
Iatridis, James C.
Howe, Alan K.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

PURPOSE: Panax notoginseng is a commonly used Chinese herb. Although a few studies have found that notoginseng shows anti-tumor effects, the effect of this herb on colorectal cancer cells has not been investigated. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of colorectal cancer that interferes with the growth of cancer cells. However, this compound has serious side effects at high doses.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chong-Zhi
Luo, Xiaoji
Zhang, Bin
Song, Wen-Xin
Ni, Ming
Mehendale, Sangeeta
Xie, Jing-Tian
Aung, Han H.
He, Tong-Chuan
Yuan, Chun-Su
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Although acupuncture-needle manipulation is an important component of acupuncture therapy, little information is currently available on whether or not specific types of needle manipulation produce different effects on the body. Bidirectional (back-and-forth) rotation is one of the most common forms of needle manipulation used in acupuncture practice.

Author(s): 
Langevin, Helene M.
Bouffard, Nicole A.
Churchill, David L.
Badger, Gary J.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Oncology

In spite of the global consumption of mushrooms, only two epidemiological studies demonstrated an inverse correlation between mushroom intake and the risk of cancer. Therefore, in the present study we evaluated whether extracts from edible mushrooms Agaricus bisporus (portabella), Flammulina velutipes (enoki), Lentinula edodes (shiitake) and Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster) affect the growth of breast and colon cancer cells. Here, we identified as the most potent, P.

Author(s): 
Jedinak, Andrej
Sliva, Daniel
Publication Title: 
Nutrition and Cancer

Stearic acid (stearate) is an 18-carbon saturated fatty acid that has been shown to inhibit invasion and proliferation and induce apoptosis in various human cell types. The specificity of stearate-induced apoptosis for cancerous versus noncancerous breast cells has not been examined, and the mechanism underlying stearate-induced apoptosis is unknown. Morphological analysis, cell viability, and caspase-3 activity assays demonstrated that stearate activated apoptosis preferentially in cancerous breast cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner.

Author(s): 
Evans, Lynda M.
Cowey, Stephanie L.
Siegal, Gene P.
Hardy, Robert W.

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