Publication Title: 
The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society

An ideal diet is one that promotes optimal health and longevity. Throughout history, human societies have developed varieties of dietary patterns based on available food plants and animals that successfully supported growth and reproduction. As economies changed from scarcity to abundance, principal diet-related diseases have shifted from nutrient deficiencies to chronic diseases related to dietary excesses. This shift has led to increasing scientific consensus that eating more plant foods but fewer animal foods would best promote health.

Nestle, M.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: In studies from Italy and Greece, a Mediterranean dietary pattern was shown to favorably affect life expectancy in the elderly population. This pattern is thought to reduce the risk of cancer in addition to being cardioprotective.

Lasheras, C.
Fernandez, S.
Patterson, A. M.
Publication Title: 
Science (New York, N.Y.)
Payne, Anthony G.
Publication Title: 
Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a cluster of risk factors for atherosclerosis and is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The role of diet in the etiology of MetS is poorly understood, especially among Asian subjects. This cross-sectional study assessed the relationship between diet and the number of MetS components among Japanese men (n=609) and women (n=631). Mean (s.d.) age and body mass index were 57.1 (12.1) years and 22.8 (2.8) kg m(-2) for men and 55.5 (12.0) years and 22.0 (3.0) kg m(-2) for women, respectively.

Otsuka, Rei
Imai, Tomoko
Kato, Yuki
Ando, Fujiko
Shimokata, Hiroshi
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Journal

BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the linkage between food cost and mortality among older adults. This study considers the hypothesis that greater food expenditure in general, and particularly on more nutritious plant and animal-derived foods, decreases mortality in older adults. METHODS: This study uses the 1999-2000 Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan and follows the cohort until 2008, collecting 24-hr dietary recall data for 1781 participants (874 men and 907 women) aged 65 y or older.

Lo, Yuan-Ting
Chang, Yu-Hung
Wahlqvist, Mark L.
Huang, Han-Bin
Lee, Meei-Shyuan
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: A Mediterranean diet has a recognized beneficial effect on health and longevity, with a protective influence on several cancers. However, its association with breast cancer risk remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern influences breast cancer risk. DESIGN: The Swedish Women's Lifestyle and Health cohort study includes 49,258 women aged 30 to 49 years at recruitment in 1991-1992. Consumption of foods and beverages was measured at enrollment using a food frequency questionnaire.

Couto, Elisabeth
Sandin, Sven
Lˆf, Marie
Ursin, Giske
Adami, Hans-Olov
Weiderpass, Elisabete
Publication Title: 

The US has a pet population of approximately 70 million dogs and 74 million cats. Humans have developed a strong emotional bond with companion animals. As a consequence, pet owners seek ways to improve health, quality of life and longevity of their pets. Advances in canine and feline nutrition have contributed to improved longevity and well-being. Dietary fibers have gained renewed interest in the pet food industry, due to their important role in affecting laxation and stool quality.

de Godoy, Maria R. C.
Kerr, Katherine R.
Fahey, George C.
Publication Title: 
Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate complementary and alternative medicine use among breast cancer survivors in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study employed a descriptive research design approach to detail the CAM use among the target population. Convenience sampling was used along with a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 230 breast cancer survivors completed the use CAM scale.

Wang, Hsiu-Ho
Chung, Ue-Lin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: In this study, our working hypothesis was that continuous light and fungal elicitation treatment of legume seedlings would lead to enhanced levels of isoflavonoids and soluble proteins. RESULTS: Based on short-term light and dark treatments, isoflavonoid (genistein, genistin, daidzein, and daidzin) and soluble protein concentrations were significantly upregulated in the "light" environment compared to the "dark" environment for all edible legume species (kudzu vine, soybean, garbanzo bean, fava bean, mung bean, adzuki bean) that were tested.

Lal, Ashish
Warber, Sara
Kirakosyan, Ara
Kaufman, Peter B.
Duke, James A.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Use of a wheat growth bio assay after 7 days in research on homeopathic dilutions of gibberellic acid. METHODS: Grains of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum, Capo variety) were observed under the influence of extremely diluted gibberellic acid (10(-30)) prepared by stepwise dilution and agitation according to a protocol derived from homeopathy (30×). Analogously prepared water was used for control. In a two centre study, 3 experiments with a total of 4880 grains were performed.

Pfleger, Andrea
Hofäcker, Jürgen
Scherer-Pongratz, Waltraud
Lothaller, Harald
Reich, Christian
Endler, Peter Christian


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