Cerebral Infarction

Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is the second most common cause of death and the primary cause of disability throughout the world. Acupuncture is frequently advocated as an adjunct treatment during stroke rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to update the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture for cerebral infarction. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) on acupuncture treating cerebral infarction were searched from the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, CMB and VIP from inception to October 2013.

Author(s): 
Li, Li
Zhang, Hong
Meng, Shu-qing
Qian, Hai-zhou
Publication Title: 
Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fruits and vegetables are known for their beneficial effects on chronic diseases. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables on total stroke mortality and its 2 main subtypes in men and women separately. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 40 349 Japanese men and women was initiated in 1980-1981 and followed until 1998. Fruit and vegetable intake was assessed at baseline on the basis of the response to a food frequency questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Sauvaget, C.
Nagano, J.
Allen, N.
Kodama, K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have linked dementia to the subsequent deterioration of oral health. Few investigators, however, have examined oral disease as a potential risk factor in the development of dementia. The authors conducted a study to investigate a potential association between a history of oral disease and the development of dementia. METHODS: Longitudinal dental records supplemented data collected from 10 annual cognitive assessments of 144 Milwaukee participants in the Nun Study, a longitudinal study of aging and Alzheimer disease, who were 75 to 98 years old.

Author(s): 
Stein, Pamela Sparks
Desrosiers, Mark
Donegan, Sara Jean
Yepes, Juan F.
Kryscio, Richard J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Vertebral artery dissection has been previously reported following minor head and neck trauma. Such activities as rapid head turning, tennis, yoga, and vigorous exercise have been implicated. We report a case of vertebral artery dissection following minor neck trauma suffered in a volleyball game. The anatomy of the vertebral artery, pathophysiology of dissection, and emergency department recognition and treatment of this disorder are discussed.

Author(s): 
DeBehnke, D. J.
Brady, W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md.: 1985)

Stroke causes ischemic brain injury and is a leading cause of neurological disability and death. There is, however, no promising therapy to protect the brain from ischemic stress to date. Here we show an exciting finding that optimal electroacupuncture (EA) effectively protects the brain from ischemic injury. The experiments were performed on rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) with continuous monitoring of cerebral blood flow.

Author(s): 
Zhou, Fei
Guo, Jingchun
Cheng, Jieshi
Wu, Gencheng
Xia, Ying
Publication Title: 
Neurological Research

OBJECTIVE: The signaling protein CD40 and its ligand, CD40L, are thought to contribute to atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture. We sought to determine their utility as markers of cerebral atherosclerosis and neurological dysfunction. METHODS: We recruited 82 patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and classified each as having large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA, 30), small-artery occlusion (36), or cardioaortic embolism (16). We also recruited 17 patients who had carotid artery stenosis (CAS) without stroke and 20 healthy individuals as controls.

Author(s): 
Wang, Jing-Hua
Zhang, Yong-Wei
Zhang, Ping
Deng, Ben-Qiang
Ding, Suju
Wang, Zhong-Kui
Wu, Tao
Wang, Jian
Publication Title: 
The New Zealand Medical Journal

A 23-year-old woman developed brainstem infarction following cervical manipulation. Vertebral angiography showed total occlusion of the left vertebral artery with a thrombus extending into the basilar artery. The literature dealing with this rare but serious complication of cervical manipulation is reviewed.

Author(s): 
Parkin, P. J.
Wallis, W. E.
Wilson, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Acta Neurochirurgica

Motor tics of the head and neck, especially hemifacial spasm and spastic torticollis, are the substance of this paper. Forty-six cases are presented, and surgical techniques are described. In hemifacial spasm the intracranial neurovascular lysis of Jannetta is a valid operation with the best results to date but has a 7 1/2% risk of unilateral deafness. The extracranial submastoid partial section of Scoville is completely safe and gives excellent results, but there is a probability of mild to moderate return of the spasm in one to two year's time.

Author(s): 
Scoville, W. B.
Bettis, D. B.
Publication Title: 
Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation

Eight patients are described who developed infarctions in the vertebral-basilar artery distribution following chiropractic neck manipulation or spontaneous head turning. The angiographic and autopsy findings indicate that injury to the intima of the vertebral artery at the atlantoaxial joint forms a nidus for thrombus formation which may propogate or embolize to involve other vessels in the vertebral-basilar system and result in progressive brainstem infarction. The role of anticoagulation in these patients is discussed.

Author(s): 
Sherman, D. G.
Hart, R. G.
Easton, J. D.
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

A case of brain stem infarction after chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine is presented. Proposed mechanisms and sites of possible arterial injury are discussed. A diagnosis of vertebral artery occlusion was made using conventional brachial angiography. Digital intravenous angiography, a relatively new and less invasive vascular imaging technique which was used as an adjunct for evaluating the remainder of the cervicocephalic vessels, documented the vertebral occlusion.

Author(s): 
Braun, I. F.
Pinto, R. S.
De Filipp, G. J.
Lieberman, A.
Pasternack, P.
Zimmerman, R. D.

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