OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and reasons for the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in paediatric patients, and to determine the parental need for appropriate information from their paediatrician. DESIGN: Questionnaire. METHOD: A questionnaire was given to the parents of general paediatric patients of the St. Antonius Hospital Nieuwegein and the University Medical Centre Utrecht, the Netherlands, in the period June 2003-March 2004. Parents were asked about CAM use in the past 12 months, which CAM modalities were used and their reasons for using it.
OBJECTIVE: To review and critique the research on the effect of massage therapy and therapeutic touch in children, and to describe clinical implications and make suggestions for future study. DATA SOURCES: Studies were obtained through online computer searches of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsychInfo, and SocioFile. Key words used were tactile, kinesthetic, massage therapy, touch, therapeutic touch, infants, and children.
BACKGROUND: Lay health workers (LHWs) perform functions related to healthcare delivery, receive some level of training, but have no formal professional or paraprofessional certificate or tertiary education degree. They provide care for a range of issues, including maternal and child health. For LHW programmes to be effective, we need a better understanding of the factors that influence their success and sustainability.
AIM: This paper is a report of a study to explain how mothers used a community based, cohort-based electronic communication system. BACKGROUND: Early psychosocial support for families is regarded as inadequate. Employed women with young children can feel isolated from other families. Most parent e-mail lists are in a read-only format, with parents receiving informative e-mails from a corporation or a commercially motivated initiative. In an increasingly virtual age, it is important to examine parents' use of online support groups initiated by parents.
Every year since 1984, Congress has expanded Medicaid to cover an increasing proportion of low-income children. In this study, a multivariate analysis of data from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey was used to determine whether expanded Medicaid eligibility is likely to be effective in encouraging recommended preventive visits for low-income, preschool children.
This study examines the effects of physician fees on children's use of preventive and illness-related ambulatory physician services under the Medicaid program. Using data from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey (NMES), we examine the effects of Medicaid fee generosity on physician service use and overall ambulatory physician spending. The results indicate that more generous fees are associated with a greater likelihood of having a doctor's office as a usual source of care and a higher number of preventive visits at office-based sites of care.
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effects of Medicaid payment generosity on access and care for adult and child Medicaid beneficiaries. DATA SOURCE: Three years of the National Surveys of America's Families (1997, 1999, 2002) are linked to the Urban Institute Medicaid capitation rate surveys, the Area Resource File, and the American Hospital Association survey files.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a coverage expansion versus a Medicaid physician fee increase on children's utilization of physician services. PRIMARY DATA SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (1997-2009). STUDY DESIGN: We use the Children's Health Insurance Program, enacted in 1997, as a natural experiment, and we performed a panel data regression analysis using the state-year as the unit of observation.
OBJECTIVE: To understand the effects of Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) income eligibility thresholds and premium contribution requirements on health insurance coverage outcomes among children. DATA SOURCES: 2002-2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplements of the Current Population Survey linked to data from multiple secondary data sources. STUDY DESIGN: We use a selection correction model to simultaneously estimate program eligibility and coverage outcomes conditional upon eligibility.
This research explores whether participation in Medicaid is a determinant of hours of employment among unmarried parenting female heads of households with at least one child younger than age 6. The measures include Medicaid participation, Children's Health Insurance Program participation, health status, and Medicaid generosity. A multilevel regression was conducted using data from the Current Population Survey 2011 Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) Supplement.