Child Welfare

Publication Title: 
Nurse Researcher

AIM: To highlight from a doctoral student's perspective some of the unexpected and challenging issues that may arise when collecting data in a complex, qualitative study. BACKGROUND: Using a qualitative approach to undertaking a PhD requires commitment to the research topic, the acquisition of a variety of research skills and the development of expertise in writing. Despite close research supervision and guidance, the first author of this paper experienced unexpected hurdles when collecting data.

Author(s): 
Dowse, Eileen Mary
van der Riet, Pamela
Keatinge, Diana Rosemary
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: Using metaanalysis, we sought to determine acustimulation (AS) effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children. METHODS: Metaanalyses were performed on various acupoint AS effects including acupressure, acupuncture, laser acupuncture, and electrical stimulation (ETS) on PONV in children. On-line databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from 1966 through May 2005. In addition, the reference lists of reviewed papers were scanned for additional trials.

Author(s): 
Dune, Linda S.
Shiao, Shyang-Yun Pamela K.
Publication Title: 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine religious factors associated with alcohol involvement in Mauritius. The three main religions on the island, Hinduism, Catholicism, and Islam, promote different views of the appropriate use of alcohol. Based on reference group theory, we hypothesized that both the content of a religion's alcohol norms and an individual's religious commitment would relate to alcohol use behavior.

Author(s): 
Luczak, Susan E.
Prescott, Carol A.
Dalais, Cyril
Raine, Adrian
Venables, Peter H.
Mednick, Sarnoff A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Adolescence

This study tested the mediating roles of cognitive reappraisal and attentional preferences in the relationship between hope and psychosocial well-being among 712 adolescents. Results of the structural equation modeling revealed that the beneficial relation of hope to subjective happiness, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and interpersonal difficulties was partially mediated by attention to positive information but not cognitive reappraisal.

Author(s): 
Yeung, Dannii Y.
Ho, Samuel M. Y.
Mak, Christine W. Y.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Disease in Childhood

AIM: The graded care profile (GCP) scale was developed as a practical tool in response to the Children Act 1989 to provide a measure of care in four areas: physical, safety, love, and esteem, on a bipolar continuum. This field trial was to assess its user friendliness and inter-rater agreement. METHODS: 43 nursery children and 11 registered for neglect were each scored on this scale independently by two different raters (health visitor and nursery teacher or social worker).

Author(s): 
Srivastava, O. P.
Polnay, L.
Publication Title: 
Revue Medicale De Liege

Child abuse is a human production resulting from the failure of three essential characteristics of the human condition: the possibility of attachment, speech and the capacity to love. It is perpetuated though trans-generational transmission which traps the individual in an obvious incapacity to occupy a people position, inducing confusion of the roles and statute of the place of each in the family or in the society but more especially in the interpersonal relation.

Author(s): 
Fontaine, M.
Publication Title: 
Child Welfare

Using a telephone survey, this study examined the experiences of 100 foster mothers who receive aid through Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Foster mothers reported numerous difficulties with TANF, including frequent sanctions and case closings, limited work and training opportunities, and pervasive material hardships. Foster children exhibited high levels of emotional and behavior problems. The data suggest that lack of access to child care and pressure to become self-sufficient may contribute to a decreased pool of foster mothers.

Author(s): 
Critelli, Filomena M.
Publication Title: 
Child Development

This article provides a brief review of current large-scale, longitudinal data collection initiatives focusing on children. These studies will be available for secondary data analyses in the twenty-first century.

Author(s): 
Brooks-Gunn, J.
Berlin, L. J.
Leventhal, T.
Fuligni, A. S.
Publication Title: 
Child Development

This article provides a brief review of current large-scale, longitudinal data collection initiatives focusing on children. These studies will be available for secondary data analyses in the twenty-first century.

Author(s): 
Brooks-Gunn, J.
Berlin, L. J.
Leventhal, T.
Fuligni, A. S.
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: HIV has left many African children caring for sick relatives, orphaned or themselves HIV-positive, often facing immense challenges in the absence of significant support from adults. With reductions in development funding, public sector budgetary constraints, and a growing emphasis on the importance of indigenous resources in the HIV response, international policy allocates schools a key role in 'substituting for families' (Ansell, 2008) in supporting child health and well-being.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Catherine
Andersen, Louise
Mutsikiwa, Alice
Madanhire, Claudius
Skovdal, Morten
Nyamukapa, Constance
Gregson, Simon

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