Chile

Publication Title: 
Reproductive Health Matters

Abortion is not legal in Chile even to save the woman's life or health. This situation creates serious dilemmas and vulnerabilities for both women and medical practitioners. Abortion incidence has probably decreased since 1990, when data were last studied, due to increased use of contraception and lower fertility, and deaths and complication rates have fallen as well. Misoprostol is available, but Chilean hospitals are still using D&C for incomplete abortions.

Author(s): 
Shepard, Bonnie L.
Casas Becerra, Lidia
Publication Title: 
Social Science Research

The Catholic Church has had a strong influence on the Chilean legal and social landscape in ways that have adversely affected victims of intimate partner violence; e.g., it succeeded until just five years ago in blocking efforts to legalize divorce. At the same time, quantitative studies based on survey data from the United States and other countries show a generally favorable influence of religion on health and many other domains of life, including intimate partner violence. The present study explores the puzzle posed by these seemingly opposing macro- and micro-level forces.

Author(s): 
Lehrer, Evelyn L.
Lehrer, Vivian L.
Krauss, Ramona C.
Publication Title: 
Salud Colectiva

By analyzing the content and network of production of a map from 1751, created by the circular mission of the Jesuits in ChiloÈ (an archipelago located off the southern coast of Chile), that contains birth, death and population data, this article discusses the role that health statistics play historically, philosophically, technically and sociologically.

Author(s): 
Carvajal, Yuri
Yuing, Tuillang
Publication Title: 
Culture, Health & Sexuality

Chile is one of only four countries in the world where there is no explicit legal exception to prohibitions on abortion, and where the criminalisation of abortion endangers women's health and may be misaligned with public opinion. In this study we explored attitudes towards the legalisation of abortion and differences in levels of support across time. Among Chilean women in 2009 and 2013, we examined: (1) an additive index indicating support for legalisation of abortion in several situations and (2) support for each situation separately.

Author(s): 
Palermo, Tia
Infante Erazo, Mariela
Hurtado Pinochet, Victoria
Publication Title: 
Revista Medica De Chile

BACKGROUND: Sexual behavior usually begins in adolescence, and is mediated by biological, personality and socio-cultural variables which can affect the expression of preventive and risky sexual performance, as well as sex and age differences. AIM: To determine sex differences in the age of sexual initiation, the use of protective methods and mate selectivity in young men and women, as well as preventive practices according to age, and the prevalence of partner aggression.

Author(s): 
Fern·ndez, Ana MarÌa
Celis-Atenas, Karem
CÛrdova-Rubio, Natalia
Dufey, Michele
CorrÍa Varella, Marco AntÙnio
Benedetti Piccoli Ferreira, JosÈ Henrique
Publication Title: 
Nutricion Hospitalaria

OBJECTIVE: To characterize university students typologies according to chronic food restriction, satisfaction with life and food consumption. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A questionnaire was applied on a non-probability sample of 369 male and female students from five Chilean universities. The questionnaire included: Revised Restraint Scale (RRS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) and the Health-related Quality of Life Index. The survey included food and drink consumption habits, weight and approximate height and sociodemographic variables.

Author(s): 
Schnettler, Berta
Miranda, Horacio
Sep˙lveda, JosÈ
Orellana, Ligia
Etchebarne, Soledad
Lobos, Germ·n
Mora, Marcos
Denegri, Marianela
Grunert, Klaus G.
Publication Title: 
Revista Medica De Chile

Why do we work in public hospitals, what do we look for and what do we find working at these places? There are several answers. The heritage, the places where we learnt, the places where medicine is practiced. A model that feeds us. They cannot be improved and it is difficult to accept their limitations. However, many factors such as teaching, research and group work, encourage us to continue working in them. Variation and simultaneity, they are places with many variables, a living organism.

Author(s): 
Baeza, H.
Publication Title: 
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have associated positive emotions with several variables such as learning, coping strategies or assertive behaviour. The concept of gratitude has been specifically defined as a tendency to recognise and respond to people or situations with grateful emotion. Unfortunately in Latin America, no validated measures of gratitude on different populations are available. The aim of this study was to analyse the psychometric properties of the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ-6) in two Chilean samples.

Author(s): 
Langer, ¡lvaro I.
Ulloa, Valentina G.
Aguilar-Parra, JosÈ M.
Araya-VÈliz, Claudio
Brito, Gonzalo
Publication Title: 
Bioethics

We describe the informed consent procedures in a research clinic in Santiago, Chile, and a qualitative study that evaluated these procedures. The recruitment process involves information, counseling and screening of volunteers, and three or four visits to the clinic. The study explored the decision-making process of women participating in contraceptive trials through 36 interviews. Women understood the research as experimentation or progress.

Author(s): 
Sanchez, S.
Salazar, G.
Tijero, M.
Diaz, S.
Publication Title: 
Comptes Rendus Biologies

Since his visit to Tierra del Fuego in the 1830s, Darwin had been fascinated by the "savages" that succeeded in surviving on such a "broken beach", and because they were certainly similar in behaviour to our ancestors. However, he was also fascinated by baboons' behaviour, according to Brehm's accounts: hamadryas baboons showed a strong altruism to the point of risking their own lives in order to save their infants from attack by dogs. In 1871, he mentions he would rather have descended from brave baboons than from "savages", considered egoistic.

Author(s): 
MartÌnez-Contreras, Jorge

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