Cholesterol

Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

We undertook the present study to evaluate the hypolipidaemic effect of an aqueous extract of Tinospora cordifolia roots, an indigenous plant used in Ayurvedic medicine in India. Administration of the extract of T. cordifolia roots (2.5 and 5.0 g/kg body weight) for 6 weeks resulted in a significant reduction in serum and tissue cholesterol, phospholipids and free fatty acids in alloxan diabetic rats. The root extract at a dose of 5.0 g/kg body weight showed highest hypolipidaemic effect. The effect of T. cordifolia roots at 2.5 and 5.0 g/kg body weight was better than glibenclamide.

Author(s): 
Stanely Mainzen Prince, P.
Menon, V. P.
Gunasekaran, G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Tinospora cordifolia is widely used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine for treating diabetes mellitus. Oral administration of an aqueous T. cordifolia root extract (TCREt) to alloxan diabetic rats caused a significant reduction in blood glucose and brain lipids. The extract caused an increase in body weight, total haemoglobin and hepatic hexokinase. The root extract also lowers hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase and serum acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, and lactate dehydrogenase in diabetic rats. Thus TCREt has hypoglycaemic and hypolipidaemic effect.

Author(s): 
Stanely, P.
Prince, M.
Menon, V. P.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacological Research: The Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society

Hyperlipidemia is an associated complication of diabetes mellitus. Many spices and herbs are known to be hypoglycaemic. Cuminum cyminum belonging to the family Apiaceae is widely used in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of dyspepsia, diarrhoea and jaundice. The present work was done to study the role of C. cyminum supplementation on the plasma and tissue lipids in alloxan diabetic rats. Oral administration of 0.25 g kg(-1) body weight of C.

Author(s): 
Dhandapani, Surya
Subramanian, Vijayakumar Ramasamy
Rajagopal, Senthilkumar
Namasivayam, Nalini
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES AND STUDY DESIGN: A nonrandomized, non-placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Cogent db (an herbal preparation; Cybele Herbal Laboratories [PVT] Ltd. Kochi, Kerala State, India) as an adjuvant in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes was carried out during a 3-month period. SETTINGS/LOCATION: This study was conducted in two major peripheral clinics of Kuala Lumpur in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. SUBJECTS: A total of 39 Cogent db-treated cases and 40 age-matched controls were recruited for this preliminary study.

Author(s): 
Shekhar, K. Chandra
Achike, Francis I.
Kaur, Gurpreet
Kumar, Prem
Hashim, Rohaini
Publication Title: 
Annual Review of Nutrition

The resin of the Commiphora mukul tree has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for more than 2000 years to treat a variety of ailments. Studies in both animal models and humans have shown that this resin, termed gum guggul, can decrease elevated lipid levels. The stereoisomers E- and Z-guggulsterone have been identified as the active agents in this resin. Recent studies have shown that these compounds are antagonist ligands for the bile acid receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR), which is an important regulator of cholesterol homeostasis.

Author(s): 
Urizar, Nancy L.
Moore, David D.
Publication Title: 
Die Pharmazie

The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Coccinia indica, an indigenous plant used in Ayurvedic Medicine in India, on blood glucose, plasma insulin, cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids and phospholipids and fatty acid composition of total lipids in liver, kidney and brain of normal and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats.

Author(s): 
Pari, L.
Venkateswaran, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medicinal Food

The present investigation was carried out to evaluate the effect of Phaseolus vulgaris, an indigenous plant used in Unani and Ayurvedic medicine in India, on blood glucose, plasma insulin, cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids, phospholipids, and fatty acid composition of total lipids in liver, kidney, and brain of normal and streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. The results show that there was a significant increase in tissue cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids, and phospholipids in STZ diabetic rats.

Author(s): 
Pari, Leelavinothan
Venkateswaran, Subramanian
Publication Title: 
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

Salacia oblonga (SO) root is an Ayurvedic medicine with anti-diabetic and anti-obese properties. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha, a nuclear receptor, plays an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of lipid metabolism.

Author(s): 
Huang, Tom Hsun-Wei
Peng, Gang
Li, George Qian
Yamahara, Johji
Roufogalis, Basil D.
Li, Yuhao
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Boswellia serrata, Linn F (Burseraceae) is commonly used in Indian system of medicine (Ayurvedic) as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-arthritic and anti-proliferative agent. This study was planned to investigate the water-soluble fraction of the oleoresin gum of Boswellia serrata (BS extract) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced nitric oxide (NO) production by macrophages under in vivo and in vitro conditions. In the previous condition, rats were fed on atherogenic diet (2.5% cholesterol, 1% cholic acid, 15.7 % saturated fat) along with the BS extract for 90 days.

Author(s): 
Pandey, Ravi S.
Singh, Birendra K.
Tripathi, Yamini B.
Publication Title: 
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

Excess cardiac triglyceride accumulation in diabetes and obesity induces lipotoxicity, which predisposes the myocytes to death. On the other hand, increased cardiac fatty acid (FA) oxidation plays a role in the development of myocardial dysfunction in diabetes. PPAR-alpha plays an important role in maintaining homeostasis of lipid metabolism.

Author(s): 
Huang, Tom Hsun-Wei
Yang, Qinglin
Harada, Masaki
Uberai, Jasna
Radford, Jane
Li, George Q.
Yamahara, Johji
Roufogalis, Basil D.
Li, Yuhao

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