Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is a major cause of pain and disability in the elderly. To search for sequence variants that confer risk of osteoarthritis of the hand, we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in subjects with severe hand osteoarthritis, using variants identified through the whole-genome sequencing of 2,230 Icelanders.
Genetic studies of neuropsychiatric disorders have often produced conflicting results, which might partly result from the involvement of epigenetic modifications. We intended to explore the possible implication of DNA methylation and human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) in neuropsychiatric disorders. In the present study, we identified two HERV loci that are expected to retain the transcriptional activity in the brain. One was located on chromosome 1q21-q22 and the other on 22q12.