OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
OBJECTIVE: To identify whether mindfulness-based stress reduction is effective in improving physical health outcomes for long-term physical conditions. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature (retrieved from MEDLINE, PubMed and PsycINFO). RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included in the review. None of the studies assessed as having a low risk of bias demonstrated significant improvements in physical health status although there was some emerging evidence that mindfulness-based stress reduction may be useful in pain conditions.
This study assessed the extent to which being predisposed towards engaging in acts of gratitude and forgiveness is associated with enhanced quality of life (QoL), and whether these associations are mediated by positive and negative affective states. The study sample comprised 327 people with one of three chronic illnesses (arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes).