Cichlids

Publication Title: 
Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology

American Elapid snakes (Coral Snakes) comprise the genera Leptomicrurus, Micruroides and Micrurus, which form a vast taxonomic assembly of 330 species distributed from the South of United States to the southern region of South America. In order to obtain venom for animal immunizations aimed at antivenom production, Coral Snakes must be kept in captivity and submitted periodically to venom extraction procedures. Thus, to maintain a snake colony in good health for this purpose, a complete alternative diet utilizing an easily obtained prey animal is desirable.

Author(s): 
ChacÛn, Danilo
RodrÌguez, Santos
Arias, JazmÌn
Solano, Gabriela
Bonilla, Fabi·n
GÛmez, AarÛn
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the homeopathic complex Homeopatila RS (REAL Homeopathy, Brazil), in the performance, sexual proportion and gills and liver histology of the Nile tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus L.). 4,800 post-larvae were treated for 45 days, in 12 tanks (500 L), in a closed environment, with density of 400 larvae per tank. Three treatments were given: alcohol 30%, negative control (C); hormonal, positive control, 17 alpha-methyltestosterone (H); homeopathic, Homeopatila RS, in ethanol (HH), with four replications.

Author(s): 
Valentim-Zabott, M.
Vargas, L.
Ribeiro, R. P. R.
Piau, R.
Torres, M. B. A.
Rönnau, M.
Souza, J. C.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), are widely used in fish farming, hormonal treatments are used to increase productivity. Studies of the characteristics of the fiber types are important in species that have well developed muscle mass, such as Nile tilapia. METHODS: A total of 4800 post-larval fish were randomly assigned by tank to receive one of three treatments: Control (30°GL alcohol), Homeopathic complex (Homeopatila RS) or Hormone (17-α-methyltestosterone) supplemented in the feed for 28 days. Survival and morphological parameters were measured at day 45.

Author(s): 
Júnior, R. P.
Vargas, L.
Valentim-Zabott, M.
Ribeiro, R. P.
da Silva, A. V.
Otutumi, L. K.
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