Clinical Medicine

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Hypnotic suggestibility has been described as a powerful predictor of outcomes associated with hypnotic interventions. However, there have been no systematic approaches to quantifying this effect across the literature. This meta-analysis evaluates the magnitude of the effect of hypnotic suggestibility on hypnotic outcomes in clinical settings. PsycINFO and PubMed were searched from their inception through July 2009. Thirty-four effects from 10 studies and 283 participants are reported.

Author(s): 
Montgomery, Guy H.
Schnur, Julie B.
David, Daniel
Publication Title: 
Revue Medicale De Bruxelles

The author proposes an acupuncture which is characterized by its complete break with the ancient chinese physiopathology and its concepts of "acupuncture points" (in the old sense of the term) of "meridians", "energies", "ying-yang" etc.. This process of renewal of the practice and the theory has been coined "contemporary acupuncture". Its originality stands out in comparison with most teachings of acupuncture which have remained faithful to traditional acupuncture.

Author(s): 
Faust, S.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether federally funded complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) research is translating into clinical practice. We sought to describe the awareness of CAM clinical trials, the ability to interpret research results, the acceptance of research evidence, and the predictors of trial awareness among US clinicians. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional mailed survey of 2400 practicing US acupuncturists, naturopaths, internists, and rheumatologists. RESULTS: A total of 1561 clinicians (65%) responded.

Author(s): 
Tilburt, Jon C.
Curlin, Farr A.
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Clarridge, Brian
Bolcic-Jankovic, Dragana
Emanuel, Ezekiel J.
Miller, Franklin G.
Publication Title: 
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences

The terms 'placebo' and 'placebo effects' cause confusion among patients, practitioners and scientists. This confusion results in both the adoption of practices that have no evidence of specificity yet considerable risk (such as surgery for low back pain) or the elimination of clinical practices proven to facilitate healing because they are not 'better than placebo' (such as acupuncture for low back pain).

Author(s): 
Jonas, Wayne B.
Publication Title: 
Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience

Epigenetics, broadly defined as the regulation of gene expression without alteration of the genome, has become a field of tremendous interest in neuroscience, neurology, and psychiatry. This research has rapidly changed the way researchers think about brain function. Exciting epigenetic discoveries have been found in addiction, early life stress, neurodegeneration, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression.

Author(s): 
Abel, Ted
Poplawski, Shane
Publication Title: 
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne

There is a long tradition of bioethical reasoning within the Roman Catholic faith, a tradition expressed in scripture, the writings of the Doctors of the Church, papal encyclical documents and reflections by contemporary Catholic theologians. Catholic bioethics is concerned with a broad range of issues, including social justice and the right to health care, the duty to preserve life and the limits of that duty, the ethics of human reproduction and end-of-life decisions.

Author(s): 
Markwell, H. J.
Brown, B. F.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatric Medicine
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Hypnosis has been used for many years in the treatment of various medical conditions. Its beneficial effects may be purely subjective at least in some instances such as pain relief, but physiological changes have been observed or measured in others. This article considers the possible pathways which may be involved in mediating such changes, through the concept of mind-body communication, in terms of central nervous system activity, together with autonomic function, neuropeptides and hormones.

Author(s): 
Gonsalkorale, W. M.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of Anesthesia History
Author(s): 
Schulz-Stübner, S.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Gastroenterology

OBJECTIVE: Alternative and complementary therapies (ACM) have gained increasing attention in the past few years. It was our purpose to determine whether increased ACM use is associated with increased use of conventional health care resources. Additionally, demographics of use, subjective benefit, and cost were analyzed. METHODS: We enrolled 150 inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients from a tertiary care center and performed a phone survey of their ACM use in the past year.

Author(s): 
Burgmann, Twila
Rawsthorne, Patricia
Bernstein, Charles N.

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