The author offers definitions for "spiritual" and for "spiritual suffering," suggesting that human spiritual needs include Love, Faith, Hope, Virtue, and Beauty. Spiritual suffering is experienced when these needs are unfulfilled. Spiritual care involves assisting in the fulfillment of these needs.
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the meanings and uses of an expressed desire for hastened death in seven patients living with advanced cancer. DESIGN: A phenomenologic inquiry. SETTING: Urban cancer research center. SAMPLE: Terminally ill patients with cancer who had expressed a desire for hastened death. METHODS: A series of in-depth semistructured interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, coded, and organized into themes.
Chronic pulmonary diseases represent a segment of pathology with an increasing prevalence worldwide, this requiring joint efforts from specialists in this field to (a) identify those factors insufficiently explored so far, but critical for their evolution and (b) address them via new therapies. This study aims to explore the existing data regarding the psychological factors involved in the dynamics of chronic pulmonary diseases and the main possibilities of psychological intervention, as a distinct part of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR).