Cognitive Dysfunction

Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Physical activity (PA) is emerging as a safe and effective tool in the prevention and treatment of psychiatric disorders. PA subtypes include aerobic, resistance, flexibility, neuromotor (involving balance, agility and co-ordination), mind-body (e.g. tai chi, qi gong and yoga) and mixed type trainings. Evidence from clinical trials suggests that PA subtypes can have positive clinical effects, however the effects on the symptomatology may vary according to the PA subtype.

Author(s): 
Eyre, Harris A.
Baune, Bernhard T.
Publication Title: 
BioMed Research International

This systematic review analyzes current data on effects of exercise interventions and physical activity behavior on objective and subjective cancer related cognitive impairments (CRCI). Out of the 19 studies which met all inclusion criteria, five RCTs investigated rodents, whereas the other 14 trials explored humans and these included six RCTs, one controlled trial, two prospective noncontrolled trials, one case series, one observational study, and three cross-sectional studies.

Author(s): 
Zimmer, Philipp
Baumann, Freerk T.
Oberste, Max
Wright, Peter
Garthe, Alexander
Schenk, Alexander
Elter, Thomas
Galvao, Daniel A.
Bloch, Wilhelm
Hübner, Sven T.
Wolf, Florian
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

BACKGROUND: Physical exercise may be valuable for patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders as it may have beneficial effect on clinical symptoms, quality of life and cognition. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using PubMed (Medline), Embase, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Controlled and uncontrolled studies investigating the effect of any type of physical exercise interventions in schizophrenia spectrum disorders were included. Outcome measures were clinical symptoms, quality of life, global functioning, depression or cognition.

Author(s): 
Dauwan, Meenakshi
Begemann, Marieke J. H.
Heringa, Sophie M.
Sommer, Iris E.
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Physical activity (PA) is emerging as a safe and effective tool in the prevention and treatment of psychiatric disorders. PA subtypes include aerobic, resistance, flexibility, neuromotor (involving balance, agility and co-ordination), mind-body (e.g. tai chi, qi gong and yoga) and mixed type trainings. Evidence from clinical trials suggests that PA subtypes can have positive clinical effects, however the effects on the symptomatology may vary according to the PA subtype.

Author(s): 
Eyre, Harris A.
Baune, Bernhard T.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

BACKGROUND: Vascular mild cognitive impairment (VMCI) is the most common type of vascular cognitive impairment induced by cerebrovascular disease. No effective medicines are currently available for VMCI. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for VMCI. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials which investigated the effects of acupuncture compared with no treatment, placebo or conventional therapies on cognitive function or other clinical outcomes in patients with VMCI.

Author(s): 
Cao, Huijuan
Wang, Yuyi
Chang, Dennis
Zhou, Li
Liu, Jianping
Publication Title: 
Sao Paulo Medical Journal = Revista Paulista De Medicina

BACKGROUND:: Dementia is a highly prevalent condition worldwide. Its chronic and progressive presentation has an impact on physical and psychosocial characteristics and on public healthcare. Our aim was to summarize evidence from Cochrane reviews on non-pharmacological treatments for cognitive disorders and dementia. DESIGN AND SETTING:: Review of systematic reviews, conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo.

Author(s): 
Vilela, Vitória Carvalho
Pacheco, Rafael Leite
Latorraca, Carolina Oliveira Cruz
Pachito, Daniela Vianna
Riera, Rachel
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

OBJECTIVE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a pre-dementia state; 5-10% of cases per year will evolve into dementia. MCI can be amnestic (AMCI) or non-amnestic. AMCI is associated with a higher risk of progression. In recent years, interest in acupuncture as a potential treatment for AMCI has grown. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the clinical effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for AMCI.

Author(s): 
Deng, Min
Wang, Xu-Feng
Publication Title: 
Current Neurovascular Research

Vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND) refers to a transitional state and will progress to dementia. Currently, effective medicines to control VCIND are surprisingly scarce. Acupuncture intervention is frequently advocated as an adjunct treatment for VCIND in recent studies. So the aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture for VCIND. The literature search was conducted in English and Chinese databases from inception until July 2015, and 15 study populations were included in the meta-analysis.

Author(s): 
Min, Deng
Xu-Feng, Wang
Publication Title: 
Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association

The aim of this perspective article is to stimulate radical shifts in thinking and foster further discussion on the effective discovery, development, validation, and qualification process of biological markers derived from all available technical modalities that meet the complex conceptual and pathophysiological challenges across all stages of the complex, nonlinear, dynamic, and chronically progressive sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Author(s): 
Hampel, Harald
Lista, Simone
Khachaturian, Zaven S.
Publication Title: 
International Review of Psychiatry (Abingdon, England)

The Older Australian Twins Study (OATS) is a major longitudinal study of twins, aged ? 65 years, to investigate genetic and environmental factors and their interactions in healthy brain ageing and neurocognitive disorders. The study collects psychiatric, neuropsychological, cardiovascular, metabolic, biochemical, neuroimaging, genomic and proteomic data, with two-yearly assessments, and is currently in its third wave.

Author(s): 
Sachdev, Perminder S.
Lee, Teresa
Wen, Wei
Ames, David
Batouli, Amir H.
Bowden, Jocelyn
Brodaty, Henry
Chong, Elizabeth
Crawford, John
Kang, Kristan
Mather, Karen
Lammel, Andrea
Slavin, Melissa J.
Thalamuthu, Anbupalam
Trollor, Julian
Wright, Margie J.
OATS Research Team

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Cognitive Dysfunction