Cohort Studies

Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the musculoskeletal conditions and associated pain and limitation and the effects of massage treatment in a Filipino squatter community. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Hands On Philippines Education (HOPE) clinic in Bagong Barrio, Caloocan, Philippines. Baseline data were collected before the first treatment, and follow-up data were collected immediately after the second treatment.

Author(s): 
Vindigni, Dein
Polus, Barbara
van Rotterdam, Joan
Da Costa, Cliff
Edgecombe, Gay
Walsh, Max
Howard, Michael
Bromwell, Tuesday
Biasbas, Alma
Cohen, Marc
Patterson, Charlotte
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Although chiropractic manipulation is commonly used for low back pain, applying this procedure to the patient with postlumbar spine surgery has not been adequately studied. The purpose of this retrospective chart review is to report on the results of chiropractic management (including Cox flexion distraction technique) of patients with postsurgical lumbar spine pain to determine the change in reported pain based on surgical type.

Author(s): 
Kruse, Ralph A.
Cambron, Jerrilyn
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Objectives of this study were to (1) quantify the immediate effect of Nimmo technique on muscle elasticity, pain perception, and disability and (2) evaluate comparative effectiveness of treating all primary and secondary trigger points (TrPs) vs primary TrP only. METHODS: Fourteen chronic low back pain subjects recruited from a chiropractic college were tested in this within-day repeated-measures design study. Gluteus medius containing a prominent TrP was indented for 4 sessions using a mechanoacoustic indentor system.

Author(s): 
Koo, Terry K.
Cohen, Jeffrey H.
Zheng, Yongping
Publication Title: 
Vaccine

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With vaccine-preventable diseases at record lows, few studies investigate rising parent-claimed exemptions to school immunization requirements. After finding exemption clusters in Oregon, we hypothesized that exemption risk factors may vary among communities. We surveyed parents to identify risk factors for exemptions and evaluated risk factor differences among communities with differing exemption rates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study, multi-staged, population-proportionate sampling.

Author(s): 
Gaudino, James A.
Robison, Steve
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this population-based cohort study was to investigate the association between self-reported cardiovascular disorders and troublesome neck pain. METHODS: Using data from the Saskatchewan Health and Back Pain Survey (1995), we formed a cohort of 922 randomly sampled Saskatchewan adults with no or mild neck pain.

Author(s): 
Nolet, Paul S.
Côté, Pierre
Cassidy, J. David
Carroll, Linda J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to identify the most important determinants from the patient history and clinical examination in diagnosing musculoskeletal chest pain (MSCP) in patients with acute noncardiac chest pain when supported by a structured protocol and to construct a decision tree for identification of MSCP in acute noncardiac chest pain. METHODS: Consecutive patients with noncardiac chest pain (n = 302) recruited from an emergency cardiology department were assessed.

Author(s): 
Stochkendahl, Mette J.
Vach, Werner
Hartvigsen, Jan
Høilund-Carlsen, Poul F.
Haghfelt, Torben
Christensen, Henrik W.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased significantly in Australia over the past decade. Back pain represents a common context for CAM use, with increasing utilisation of a wide range of therapies provided within and outside conventional medical facilities. We examine the relationship between back pain and use of CAM and conventional medicine in a national cohort of mid-aged Australian women.

Author(s): 
Broom, Alex F.
Kirby, Emma R.
Sibbritt, David W.
Adams, Jon
Refshauge, Kathryn M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with acute or chronic low back pain (LBP) undergoing chiropractic treatment. METHODS: This was a prognostic cohort study with medium-term outcomes. Adult patients with LBP of any duration who had not received chiropractic or manual therapy in the prior 3 months were recruited from multiple chiropractic practices in Switzerland.

Author(s): 
Peterson, Cynthia K.
Bolton, Jennifer
Humphreys, B. Kim
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the frequency with which the atlas transverse process is overlapped by the inferior tip of the mastoid process based upon radiographic analysis of the anterior to posterior open mouth (APOM) cervical spine view. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. Anterior to posterior open mouth radiographs (N = 120) were obtained from patient files at a chiropractic clinic.

Author(s): 
Hubbard, Todd A.
Pickar, Joel G.
Lawrence, Dana J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: One of the goals of providing manipulative treatment such as osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is to restore maximal, pain-free movement of the musculoskeletal system and to enhance neuromuscular function. Anecdotally, some athletes have reported that their athletic performance improves after manipulative treatment. OBJECTIVE: To develop preliminary data to gain more understanding about the association between precompetition manipulative treatments provided to Division I football players and their athletic performance during each game for 2 consecutive football seasons.

Author(s): 
Brolinson, Per Gunnar
Smolka, Michael
Rogers, Mark
Sukpraprut, Suporn
Goforth, Michael W.
Tilley, Greg
Doolan, Keith P.

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