Combat Disorders

Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Co-morbid symptoms (for example, chronic pain, depression, anxiety, and fatigue) are particularly common in military fighters returning from the current conflicts, who have experienced physical and/or psychological trauma. These overlapping conditions cut across the boundaries of mind, brain and body, resulting in a common symptomatic and functional spectrum of physical, cognitive, psychological and behavioral effects referred to as the 'Trauma Spectrum Response' (TSR).

Author(s): 
Lee, Courtney
Crawford, Cindy
Wallerstedt, Dawn
York, Alexandra
Duncan, Alaine
Smith, Jennifer
Sprengel, Meredith
Welton, Richard
Jonas, Wayne
Publication Title: 
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association

Although close associations between tinnitus and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among war veterans has been documented, there is limited research that explores evidence-based, efficacious interventions to treat the condition in this particular population. This article presents a case of three war veterans with PTSD symptoms who received a series of acupuncture treatments for tinnitus with positive outcomes.

Author(s): 
Arhin, Afua O.
Gallop, Kelly
Mann, Judith
Cannon, Sheila
Tran, Kimberly
Wang, Mei-Chuan
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

Several studies have reported an association between traumatic stress and telomere length suggesting that traumatic stress has an impact on ageing at the cellular level. A newly derived tool provides an additional means to investigate cellular ageing by estimating epigenetic age based on DNA methylation profiles. We therefore hypothesise that in a longitudinal study of traumatic stress both indicators of cellular ageing will show increased ageing.

Author(s): 
Boks, Marco P.
van Mierlo, Hans C.
Rutten, Bart P. F.
Radstake, Timothy R. D. J.
De Witte, Lot
Geuze, Elbert
Horvath, Steve
Schalkwyk, Leonard C.
Vinkers, Christiaan H.
Broen, Jasper C. A.
Vermetten, Eric
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic

Many veterans treated for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) keep alive their war experiences because of their significance and meaning. For these veterans, combat was a positive as well as a negative experience. The authors suggest that many veterans suffer from PTSD because they are continuing to live out their war experiences and to hold onto the meaning of these experiences. Effective treatment requires these veterans to develop a competent peacetime self that incorporates the positive features of the warrior identity.

Author(s): 
Bradshaw, S. L.
Ohlde, C. D.
Horne, J. B.
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

BACKGROUND: Loving-kindness meditation (LKM) is a practice intended to enhance feelings of kindness and compassion for self and others. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether participation in a 12-week course of LKM for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with improved positive emotions, decentering, and personal resources. RESEARCH DESIGN: In an open-pilot trial, veterans were assessed at baseline, after the course, and 3 months later. Effect sizes were calculated from baseline to each follow-up point for each construct of interest.

Author(s): 
Kearney, David J.
McManus, Carolyn
Malte, Carol A.
Martinez, Michelle E.
Felleman, Benjamin
Simpson, Tracy L.
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

BACKGROUND: Loving-kindness meditation (LKM) is a practice intended to enhance feelings of kindness and compassion for self and others. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether participation in a 12-week course of LKM for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with improved positive emotions, decentering, and personal resources. RESEARCH DESIGN: In an open-pilot trial, veterans were assessed at baseline, after the course, and 3 months later. Effect sizes were calculated from baseline to each follow-up point for each construct of interest.

Author(s): 
Kearney, David J.
McManus, Carolyn
Malte, Carol A.
Martinez, Michelle E.
Felleman, Benjamin
Simpson, Tracy L.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Kleinhauz, M.
Dreyfuss, D. A.
Beran, B.
Goldberg, T.
Azikri, D.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Brende, J. O.
Benedict, B. D.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Spiegel, D.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

The recurrent nocturnal traumatic dreams of two veterans were dispelled with hypnosis. Dream substitutions were rehearsed in hypnotic trance and subsequently dreamed at night, and afterward the original traumatic dreams ceased.

Author(s): 
Eichelman, B.

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