Communicable Disease Control

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

The objective of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate the clinical evidence of the effect of qigong exercise on immunity and its efficacy in the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Thirteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011, and all controlled clinical trials of qigong exercise on immunity and infections were included. Quality and validity of the included studies were evaluated using standard scales.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chong-Wen
Ng, Siu-man
Ho, Rainbow T. H.
Ziea, Eric T. C.
Wong, Vivian C. W.
Chan, Cecilia L. W.
Publication Title: 
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.)
Author(s): 
Doll, R.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: The Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

The World Health Organization and the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) in India have advocated public-private mix as essential for tuberculosis (TB) control. We conducted a cross-sectional sample survey of private providers (with various qualifications) in Ujjain District, India, to study willingness and motivation to collaborate. Most providers were aware of the RNTCP and had referred patients there. All were willing to collaborate, although the areas for collaboration varied between urban and rural providers.

Author(s): 
De Costa, A.
Kazmi, T.
Lˆnnroth, K.
Uplekar, M.
Diwan, V. K.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Home Management of Malaria (HMM) is one of the key strategies to reduce the burden of malaria for vulnerable population in endemic countries. It is based on the evidence that well-trained communities health workers can provide prompt and adequate care to patients close to their homes. The strategy has been shown to reduce malaria mortality and severe morbidity and has been adopted by the World Health Organization as a cornerstone of malaria control in Africa.

Author(s): 
Tiono, Alfred B.
Kaboré, Youssouf
Traoré, Abdoulaye
Convelbo, Nathalie
Pagnoni, Franco
Sirima, Sodiomon B.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: In Zanzibar, the Ministry of Health and partners accelerated malaria control from September 2003 onwards. The impact of the scale-up of insecticide-treated nets (ITN), indoor-residual spraying (IRS) and artemisinin-combination therapy (ACT) combined on malaria burden was assessed at six out of seven in-patient health facilities. METHODS: Numbers of outpatient and inpatient cases and deaths were compared between 2008 and the pre-intervention period 1999-2003.

Author(s): 
Aregawi, Maru W.
Ali, Abdullah S.
Al-mafazy, Abdul-wahiyd
Molteni, Fabrizio
Katikiti, Samson
Warsame, Marian
Njau, Ritha J. A.
Komatsu, Ryuichi
Korenromp, Eline
Hosseini, Mehran
Low-Beer, Daniel
Björkman, Anders
D'Alessandro, Umberto
Coosemans, Marc
Otten, Mac
Publication Title: 
Acta Tropica

Malaria remains one of the leading health problems of the developing world, and Uganda bears a particularly large burden from the disease. Our understanding is limited by a lack of reliable data, but it is clear that the prevalence of malaria infection, incidence of disease, and mortality from severe malaria all remain very high.

Author(s): 
Yeka, Adoke
Gasasira, Anne
Mpimbaza, Arthur
Achan, Jane
Nankabirwa, Joaniter
Nsobya, Sam
Staedke, Sarah G.
Donnelly, Martin J.
Wabwire-Mangen, Fred
Talisuna, Ambrose
Dorsey, Grant
Kamya, Moses R.
Rosenthal, Philip J.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic carriers of Plasmodium falciparum serve as a reservoir of parasites for malaria transmission. Identification and treatment of asymptomatic carriers within a region may reduce the parasite reservoir and influence malaria transmission in that area. METHODS: Using computer simulation, this analysis explored the impact of community screening campaigns (CSC) followed by systematic treatment of P. falciparum asymptomatic carriers (AC) with artemether-lumefantrine (AL) on disease transmission.

Author(s): 
Kern, Steven E.
Tiono, Alfred B.
Makanga, Michael
Gbadoé, Adama Dodji
Premji, Zulfiqarali
Gaye, Oumar
Sagara, Issaka
Ubben, David
Cousin, Marc
Oladiran, Fiyinfolu
Sander, Oliver
Ogutu, Bernhards
Publication Title: 
Acta Tropica

The study sites for the West African ICEMR are in three countries (The Gambia, Senegal, Mali) and are located within 750 km of each other. In addition, the National Malaria Control Programmes of these countries have virtually identical policies: (1) Artemisinin Combination Therapies (ACTs) for the treatment of symptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infection, (2) Long-Lasting Insecticide-treated bed Nets (LLINs) to reduce the Entomololgic Inoculation Rate (EIR), and (3) sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria during pregnancy (IPTp).

Author(s): 
Ceesay, Serign J.
Bojang, Kalifa A.
Nwakanma, Davis
Conway, David J.
Koita, Ousmane A.
Doumbia, Seydou O.
Ndiaye, Daouda
Coulibaly, Tinzana F.
Diakite, Mahamadou
Traoré, Sekou F.
Coulibaly, Mamadou
Ndiaye, Jean-Louis
Sarr, Ousmane
Gaye, Oumar
Konaté, Lassana
Sy, Ngayo
Faye, Babacar
Faye, Ousmane
Sogoba, Nafomon
Jawara, Musa
Dao, Adama
Poudiougou, Belco
Diawara, Sory
Okebe, Joseph
Sangaré, Lansana
Abubakar, Ismaela
Sissako, Aliou
Diarra, Ayouba
Keita, Moussa
Kandeh, Balla
Long, Carole A.
Fairhurst, Rick M.
Duraisingh, Manoj
Perry, Robert
Muskavitch, Marc A. T.
Valim, Clarissa
Volkman, Sarah K.
Wirth, Dyann F.
Krogstad, Donald J.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Bhutan has achieved a major reduction in malaria incidence amid multiple challenges. This case study seeks to characterize the Bhutan malaria control programme over the last 10 years. METHODS: A review of the malaria epidemiology, control strategies, and elimination strategies employed in Bhutan was carried out through a literature review of peer-reviewed and grey national and international literature with the addition of reviewing the surveillance and vector control records of the Bhutan Vector-Borne Disease Control Programme (VDCP).

Author(s): 
Yangzom, Thinley
Gueye, Cara Smith
Namgay, Rinzin
Galappaththy, Gawrie N. L.
Thimasarn, Krongthong
Gosling, Roly
Murugasampillay, Shiva
Dev, Vas
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: The Bureau of Vector-borne Diseases, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, has implemented an electronic Malaria Information System (eMIS) as part of a strategy to contain artemisinin resistance. The attempt corresponds to the WHO initiative, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to contain anti-malarial drug resistance in Southeast Asia. The main objective of this study was to demonstrate the eMIS' functionality and outputs after implementation for use in the Thailand artemisinin-resistance containment project.

Author(s): 
Khamsiriwatchara, Amnat
Sudathip, Prayuth
Sawang, Surasak
Vijakadge, Saowanit
Potithavoranan, Thanapon
Sangvichean, Aumnuyphan
Satimai, Wichai
Delacollette, Charles
Singhasivanon, Pratap
Lawpoolsri, Saranath
Kaewkungwal, Jaranit

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