Communicable Diseases

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

The objective of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate the clinical evidence of the effect of qigong exercise on immunity and its efficacy in the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Thirteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011, and all controlled clinical trials of qigong exercise on immunity and infections were included. Quality and validity of the included studies were evaluated using standard scales.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chong-Wen
Ng, Siu-man
Ho, Rainbow T. H.
Ziea, Eric T. C.
Wong, Vivian C. W.
Chan, Cecilia L. W.
Publication Title: 
Inflammopharmacology

Plants of the genus Terminalia are amongst the most widely used plants for traditional medicinal purposes worldwide. Many species are used for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiviral, antidiarrhoeal, analgesic, antimalarial, antioxidant, antiinflammatory and anticancer activities. Wound healing and cardiovascular effects have also been credited to some species. Many Terminalia species have multiple beneficial effects for multiple diseases and ailments.

Author(s): 
Cock, I. E.
Publication Title: 
European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)

Chronic deficiency of various vitamins can influence the occurrence of some chronic degenerative diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular pathology, cataract, arthritis, disorders of the nervous system and photosensitivity. Similarly, vitamin intake can influence various disorders in infants and elderly people, in burns and in subjects following unbalanced diets or undergoing strenuous physical exercise. Among vitamins, beta-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin C have received most attention, particularly in the prevention of oxidative damage from free radicals.

Author(s): 
Filiberti, R.
Giacosa, A.
Brignoli, O.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

To ask whether social medicine still matters may seem to be in poor taste at a symposium to honor Martin Cherkasky, but social medicine has always had the courage to take on difficult questions. There is all the more reason to do so when its legitimacy is challenged. The extraordinary findings emerging from the human genome project will revolutionize diagnostic and therapeutic methods in medicine. The power of medical interventions, for good and for harm, will increase enormously.

Author(s): 
Eisenberg, L.
Publication Title: 
Experimental Gerontology

Centenarians represent an intriguing model for ageing studies, since they demonstrate extreme longevity by definition, and at the same time a proportion of them have aged successfully. Here, we present data from the first nationwide study on Greek centenarians concerning their functional health status and life-style characteristics. We have identified 489 individuals (77% women) born in 1900 or before who were still alive between the years 2000 and 2002.

Author(s): 
Stathakos, Dimitri
Pratsinis, Harris
Zachos, Ioannis
Vlahaki, Irene
Gianakopoulou, Anastassia
Zianni, Dimitra
Kletsas, Dimitris
Publication Title: 
Wiadomosci Lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland: 1960)

Contemporary programs of counteracting to HIV/AIDS must include a component of shaping positive attitudes towards people infected with the HIV virus. A pro-social, empathic attitude of medical circles can be a guarantee of safe, mutual interactions. Recognition and correction of the attitude of medical staff who enter into different interactions with a seropositive patient is very important if we are to improve the quality of medical care in Poland, a country standing for EU.

Author(s): 
Ko?odziej, Wies?awa
Publication Title: 
PLoS neglected tropical diseases

BACKGROUND: Fever in pregnancy is dangerous for both mother and foetus. In the 1980's malaria was the leading cause of death in pregnant women in refugee camps on the Thai-Burmese border. Artemisinin combination therapy has significantly reduced the incidence of malaria in the population. The remaining causes of fever in pregnancy are not well documented. METHODOLOGY: Pregnant women attending antenatal care, where weekly screening for malaria is routine, were invited to have a comprehensive clinical and laboratory screen if they had fever.

Author(s): 
McGready, Rose
Ashley, Elizabeth A.
Wuthiekanun, Vanaporn
Tan, Saw Oo
Pimanpanarak, Mupawjay
Viladpai-Nguen, Samuel Jacher
Jesadapanpong, Wilarat
Blacksell, Stuart D.
Peacock, Sharon J.
Paris, Daniel H.
Day, Nicholas P.
Singhasivanon, Pratap
White, Nicholas J.
Nosten, François
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Medical science is undergoing a genomic revolution. In coming years, insights from human genomic research will increasingly influence all aspects of infectious diseases, ranging from fundamental laboratory research and clinical care to epidemiology and global health. Infectious disease specialists unfamiliar with genomic methods and computational techniques may shy away from publications that involve human genomics analyses.

Author(s): 
Motsinger, Alison A.
Haas, David W.
Hulgan, Todd
Ritchie, Marylyn D.
Publication Title: 
The British Homoeopathic Journal

An analysis of 2148 consultations in a private general medical homeopathic practice in France was conducted in 12 periods of 7-10 days of study over four years. The results show that homeopathy is mainly used in mental, infectious and rheumatological disorders. It is suggested that homeopathy is a useful alternative in these illnesses, as it avoids the abuse of, and the adverse effects of, sedatives, antibiotics and anti-inflammatories.

Author(s): 
Colin, P.
Publication Title: 
História, Ciências, Saúde--Manguinhos

Marcus Barros talks about how tropical diseases influenced his decision to study medicine. He tells a number of stories about his family, which moved from Alto Juruá to Manaus to escape malaria and other fevers. He says it is essential to adopt homeopathy, acupuncture, and other indigenous knowledge and practices in treating disease.

Author(s): 
Barros, Marcus

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