Community Health Workers

Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Home-based management of malaria (HMM) is promoted as a major strategy to improve prompt delivery of effective malaria treatment in Africa. HMM involves presumptively treating febrile children with pre-packaged antimalarial drugs distributed by members of the community. HMM has been implemented in several African countries, and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) will likely be introduced into these programmes on a wide scale.

Author(s): 
Hopkins, Heidi
Talisuna, Ambrose
Whitty, Christopher Jm
Staedke, Sarah G.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major public health problem especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the efforts exerted to provide effective anti-malarial drugs, still some communities suffer from getting access to these services due to many barriers. This research aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of home-based management of malaria (HMM) strategy using artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for treatment and rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for diagnosis. METHODS: This is a study conducted in 20 villages in Um Adara area, South Kordofan state, Sudan.

Author(s): 
Elmardi, Khalid A.
Malik, Elfatih M.
Abdelgadir, Tarig
Ali, Salah H.
Elsyed, Abdalla H.
Mudather, Mahmoud A.
Elhassan, Asma H.
Adam, Ishag
Publication Title: 
Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact and feasibility of artemether-lumefantrine deployment at community level, combined with phased introduction of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), on malaria transmission, morbidity, and mortality and health service use in a remote area of Ethiopia. METHODS: Two-year pilot study in two districts: artemether-lumefantrine was prescribed after parasitological confirmation of malaria in health facilities in both districts.

Author(s): 
Lemma, Hailemariam
Byass, Peter
Desta, Alem
Bosman, Andrea
Costanzo, Gianfranco
Toma, Luigi
Fottrell, Edward
Marrast, Anne-Claire
Ambachew, Yohannes
Getachew, Asefaw
Mulure, Nathan
Morrone, Aldo
Bianchi, Angela
Barnabas, Gebre Ab
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Many malarious countries plan to introduce artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) at community level using community health workers (CHWs) for treatment of uncomplicated malaria. Use of ACT with reliance on presumptive diagnosis may lead to excessive use, increased costs and rise of drug resistance. Use of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) could address these challenges but only if the communities will accept their use by CHWs. This study assessed community acceptability of the use of RDTs by Ugandan CHWs, locally referred to as community medicine distributors (CMDs).

Author(s): 
Mukanga, David
Tibenderana, James K.
Kiguli, Juliet
Pariyo, George W.
Waiswa, Peter
Bajunirwe, Francis
Mutamba, Brian
Counihan, Helen
Ojiambo, Godfrey
Källander, Karin
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

OBJECTIVES: To identify and implement strategies that help meet safety monitoring requirements in the context of an observational study for artemether-lumefantrine (AL) administered as first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria in rural Tanzania. METHODS: Pharmacovigilance procedures were developed through collaboration between the investigating bodies, the relevant regulatory authority and the manufacturer of AL.

Author(s): 
Kabanywanyi, Abdunoor M.
Mulure, Nathan
Migoha, Christopher
Malila, Aggrey
Lengeler, Christian
Schlienger, Raymond
Genton, Blaise
Publication Title: 
PLoS medicine

BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and malaria, two of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children under five in Zambia, often have overlapping clinical manifestations. Zambia is piloting the use of artemether-lumefantrine (AL) by community health workers (CHWs) to treat uncomplicated malaria. Valid concerns about potential overuse of AL could be addressed by the use of malaria rapid diagnostics employed at the community level.

Author(s): 
Yeboah-Antwi, Kojo
Pilingana, Portipher
MacLeod, William B.
Semrau, Katherine
Siazeele, Kazungu
Kalesha, Penelope
Hamainza, Busiku
Seidenberg, Phil
Mazimba, Arthur
Sabin, Lora
Kamholz, Karen
Thea, Donald M.
Hamer, Davidson H.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

INTRODUCTION: Developments in rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have opened new possibilities for improved remote malaria diagnosis that is independent of microscopic diagnosis. Studies in some settings have tried to assess the influence of RDTs on the prescribing behaviour of health workers, but such information is generally lacking in Nigeria and many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. This study analysed health workers' perceptions of RDTs and their potential influence on their prescribing and treatment practices after their introduction.

Author(s): 
Uzochukwu, Benjamin S. C.
Onwujekwe, Emmanuel
Ezuma, Nkoli N.
Ezeoke, Ogochukwu P.
Ajuba, Miriam O.
Sibeudu, Florence T.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and prompt, effective treatment of uncomplicated malaria is critical to prevent severe disease, death and malaria transmission. We assessed the impact of rapid malaria diagnostic tests (RDTs) by community health workers (CHWs) on provision of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and health outcome in fever patients.

Author(s): 
Mubi, Marycelina
Janson, Annika
Warsame, Marian
Mårtensson, Andreas
Källander, Karin
Petzold, Max G.
Ngasala, Billy
Maganga, Gloria
Gustafsson, Lars L.
Massele, Amos
Tomson, Göran
Premji, Zul
Björkman, Anders
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Current malaria control strategies recommend (i) early case detection using rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) and treatment with artemisinin combination therapy (ACT), (ii) pre-referral rectal artesunate, (iii) intermittent preventive treatment and (iv) impregnated bed nets. However, these individual malaria control interventions provide only partial protection in most epidemiological situations. Therefore, there is a need to investigate the potential benefits of integrating several malaria interventions to reduce malaria prevalence and morbidity.

Author(s): 
Tine, Roger C. K.
Faye, Babacar
Ndour, Cheikh T.
Ndiaye, Jean L.
Ndiaye, Magatte
Bassene, Charlemagne
Magnussen, Pascal
Bygbjerg, Ib C.
Sylla, Khadim
Ndour, Jacques D.
Gaye, Oumar
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Although early diagnosis and prompt treatment is an important strategy for control of malaria, using fever to initiate presumptive treatment with expensive artemisinin combination therapy is a major challenge; particularly in areas with declining burden of malaria. This study was conducted using community-owned resource persons (CORPs) to provide early diagnosis and treatment of malaria, and collect data for estimation of malaria burden in four villages of Korogwe district, north-eastern Tanzania.

Author(s): 
Rutta, Acleus S. M.
Francis, Filbert
Mmbando, Bruno P.
Ishengoma, Deus S.
Sembuche, Samwel H.
Malecela, Ezekiel K.
Sadi, Johari Y.
Kamugisha, Mathias L.
Lemnge, Martha M.

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