Community Mental Health Services

Publication Title: 
Behavior Modification

Despite the well-established effectiveness of exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of anxiety disorders, therapists have been slow to adopt CBT into their clinical practice. The present study was conducted to examine the utilization of psychotherapy techniques for anxiety disorders among community practitioners in a rural setting in order to determine the current status of the dissemination of CBT. A sample of 51 licensed psychotherapists from various mental health professions was recruited from online practice listings in the state of Wyoming.

Author(s): 
Hipol, Leilani J.
Deacon, Brett J.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Danubina

We assess the number of patients who we have on the Database of a Community Mental Health Team in the UK who have Bipolar Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder. We report how many of these have been seen as having both disorders. Hence we discuss the issue as to whether Borderline Personality disorder is to be placed within the bipolar spectrum.

Author(s): 
Agius, Mark
Lee, Jean
Gardner, Jenny
Wotherspoon, David
Publication Title: 
Psychology, Public Policy, and Law: An Official Law Review of the University of Arizona College of Law and the University of Miami School of Law

This study examines whether individuals who experienced involuntary outpatient commitment (OPC) attribute benefit to this intervention. It was found that the majority of experimental subjects who underwent a period of OPC did not personally endorse OPC's benefits at the end of the study, either because they did not think it improved treatment adherence or because they rejected their own need for continued treatment. However, at the end of the study, a positive appraisal of benefit was roughly twice as likely among subjects who actually experienced positive treatment outcomes.

Author(s): 
Swartz, Marvin S.
Swanson, Jeffrey W.
Monahan, John
Publication Title: 
Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi = Psychiatria Et Neurologia Japonica

Immediately after the 3.11 Earthquake and Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident, 5 hospitals with psychiatric beds within a 30-km radius of the nuclear power plant were ordered to move their inpatients to other hospitals outside the 30-km zone. As a result, more than 800 inpatients in total were transferred to other hospitals within or outside Fukushima Prefecture, and the 5 hospitals were closed. In addition, 3 psychiatric clinics within the 30-km radius stopped operating temporarily.

Author(s): 
Niwa, Shin-Ichi
Publication Title: 
Health Services Research

The article examines patterns of starting and continuing outpatient mental health care as a function of time, and the implications of these patterns for estimates of the response of demand to generosity of fee-for-service insurance coverage. The data are from the RAND Health Insurance Experiment (HIE), which acquired a random sample of the nonelderly general population in six U.S. sites. People rarely had more than one episode of use of outpatient mental health services in a year.

Author(s): 
Wells, K. B.
Keeler, E.
Manning, W. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Community Psychology

The university student volunteer as a social change agent is in a period of transition. There is no returning to the idealism and activism of the 1960s if this and future generations of students continue to see self-preservation and individual advancement as their only viable option here in America. In view of the changing nature of today's students, the conventional definitions of volunteers, such as Shultz's (1972) altruist, average, and pseudo-volunteer, must be reconsidered.

Author(s): 
Garcia, S. A.
Clark, C.
Walfish, S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the New York State Nurses' Association
Author(s): 
Smith, B. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of Johrei healing, a form of energy healing, on substance use and psychologic symptoms in a sample of clients receiving substance abuse treatment. METHODS: Twenty-one (21) persons in residential substance-abuse treatment participated in a randomized, wait-list control pilot study of Johrei healing. Twelve (12) of the participants received three 20-minute Johrei sessions for 5 weeks in addition to their regular treatment. RESULTS: The results are from the first treatment wave.

Author(s): 
Brooks, Audrey J.
Schwartz, Gary E.
Reece, Katie
Nangle, Gerry
Publication Title: 
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

This cultural case study investigates one U.S. psychosocial rehabilitation organization's (Horizons) attempt to implement the recovery philosophy of the U.S. Recovery Movement and offers lessons from this local attempt that may inform global mental health care reform. Horizons' "recovery-oriented" initiatives unwittingly mobilized stressful North American discourses of valued citizenship.

Author(s): 
Myers, Neely Laurenzo
Publication Title: 
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

Stress has been shown to lower resistance to disease and thus to have a significant effect on susceptibility to a variety of physical and psychological illnesses. A correlation has also been established between the degree of social stress and an individual's use of medical services. However, the majority of people do not respond to stress in these ways. Social supports (e.g. a caring family) seem to be an important protective factor against the effects of stress.

Author(s): 
Haggerty, R. J.

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