Community Participation

Publication Title: 
Health Progress (Saint Louis, Mo.)

The three original founding healthcare systems and 10 sponsoring religious institutes of Catholic Health Initiatives (CHI) have developed an unprecedented governance model to support their vision of a national Catholic health ministry in the twenty-first century. The new organization spans 22 states; annual revenues exceed $4.7 billion. Religious institutes choose either active or honorary status before consolidating with CHI, depending on their desired involvement in the organization. Currently, nine are active and two are honorary.

Author(s): 
Poe, J. E.
Publication Title: 
Public Health Reports (Washington, D.C.: 1974)

Community activists in Chicago believed their neighborhoods were being targeted by alcohol and tobacco outdoor advertisers, despite the Outdoor Advertising Association of America's voluntary code of principles, which claims to restrict the placement of ads for age-restricted products and prevent billboard saturation of urban neighborhoods. A research and action plan resulted from a 10-year collaborative partnership among Loyola University Chicago, the American Lung Association of Metropolitan Chicago (ALAMC), and community activists from a predominately African American church, St.

Author(s): 
Hackbarth, D. P.
Schnopp-Wyatt, D.
Katz, D.
Williams, J.
Silvestri, B.
Pfleger, M.
Publication Title: 
Health Progress (Saint Louis, Mo.)

St. Joseph Health System (SJHS), Orange, CA, has been committed since the mid-1990s to acting as an advocate for the housing needs of low-income people. In 1997, for example, SJHS became a founder, with Mercy Housing and six other Catholic health care organizations, in creating the Strategic Health Care Partnership, an investment pool designed to bring affordable housing to the most vulnerable. In 1999, SJHS supported Mercy Housing's construction of an 81-unit development for very limited-income senior citizens in Orange County, CA.

Author(s): 
Dunne, Maya
Publication Title: 
Health Progress (Saint Louis, Mo.)

Faced with the question of what to do with an aging, under-used hospital in northeast Detroit, St. John Health, Warren, MI, turned to the community for help in developing a plan for transforming the campus in a way that would better meet local needs. Through meetings and interviews with local residents, St. John Health learned that community members needed job training, career development, employment, health care, housing, and a safe environment. To meet these needs, St. John Health developed a plan to convert the facility, ST.

Author(s): 
Joseph, Elliot
Publication Title: 
Cadernos De Saude Publica

Studies and recommendations by health agencies have emphasized the importance of education in HIV-AIDS prevention. Mexico has included topics on sexuality and HIV-AIDS in school programs, triggering resistance by some social actors. The current study seeks to clarify the various positions and interests and their influence on the textbook content. A literature search was conducted on the period during which the last educational reform was implemented in Mexico.

Author(s): 
Granados-Cosme, JosÈ Arturo
Nasaiya, Kittipong
Brambila, Alberto Torres
Publication Title: 
Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

Although past research has extensively documented the effects of religious involvement and social integration on the health outcomes of older people, relatively little research has examined the relationship among older Africans. In this article, we examined the effects of religious affiliation and participation as well as forms of social engagement, including social support, sociability, and community participation on self-reported health. The study used data from a sample of older men and women (50 years and above) from two informal settlements in Nairobi Kenya.

Author(s): 
Kodzi, Ivy Abla
Obeng Gyimah, Stephen
Emina, Jacques
Chika Ezeh, Alex
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

We describe a family with a severely disabled child who demonstrates many of the characteristics of resilient families: strong relationships, good communication, and profound love of the disabled child. But this family has a characteristic that is infrequently described in the literature yet common in practice: the mother initiated many medical decisions based on knowledge gathered on the Internet. Parental education on the Internet can now allow families to gain a sense of mastery over their child's disease.

Author(s): 
Sutton, Marianne B.
Windischbauer, Stefanie
Sutton, Evelyne Magali St John
Weixler, Dietmar
Publication Title: 
Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy

BACKGROUND: Citizen deliberation is a prominent theme in health policy literature. It is believed that citizens who deliberate may influence the setting of public health-care priorities. Currently, in some jurisdictions, citizens are members of community health boards, and thus have a forum to articulate and share values that could affect the reduction of health inequalities within their communities. However, there is little conceptual clarity on the character of citizen deliberation, or, more specifically, how citizens may articulate and share values.

Author(s): 
Murphy, Norma Jean
Publication Title: 
Health Policy and Planning

This paper explores the local political setting in which primary health care and community participation have been implemented in Pelotas, Brazil over the past two decades. We argue that in a medically plural setting with a mixture of private and public health care schemes, capitalist-based principles and ideals (such as the predominant role given to technology) shape generalized concepts of good clinical skills and quality of care, thereby regulating the medical system as a whole.

Author(s): 
Béhague, D. P.
GonÁalves, H.
Dias da Costa, J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of School Health

Retaining school-aged study participants poses a major challenge in any longitudinal research study. Dropouts produce bias in the remaining sample and this loss may affect study findings and their interpretation. Dominant factors that influence retention in pediatric research studies include family versus individual participation, patient management strategies of study personnel, knowledge about the condition or therapy, age and gender factors, credibility within the community, monetary incentives, and altruism.

Author(s): 
Frank, Gail C.
Nader, Philip R.
Zive, Michelle Murphy
Broyles, Shelia L.
Brennan, Jesse J.

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