Publication Title: 
Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Medication adherence is a crucial part in the management of chronic diseases. As older adults form a greater proportion of the population with chronic diseases and multiple morbidities, understanding medication adherence in older adults becomes important. In the present article, we aimed to systematically review the literature for the factors associated with medication adherence in the geriatric population. We carried out a literature search using electronic databases and related keywords. 17?391 articles were reviewed in total. 65 articles were found to be relevant to our objective.

Yap, Angela Frances
Thirumoorthy, Thiru
Kwan, Yu Heng
Publication Title: 
Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis

Previous research has found that the statement "Even a penny will help" incorporated in charity donation requests increases compliance. The present study analyzed the effectiveness of this technique using a novel solicitation and an intermediate delay between the statement and the actual execution of the requested act. University students were solicited to give blood during a special one-day drive. Solicitations were made through face-to-face interactions.

GuÈguen, Nicolas
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Laryngology and Otology

Middle ear pressure and tympanic membrane compliance were measured in 34 infants and young children (66 ears) with normal middle ears under oral choral hydrate hypnosis. Tympanograms were performed before and 40 to 60 minutes after administration of the drug. Results showed that the middle ear pressure increased significantly in all cases and in both sexes. This increase ranged between +19 and +219 mm H2O. In all cases the pressure returned to its prehypnotic values after recovery.

Abdul-Baqi, K. J.
Publication Title: 
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that hypnotherapy alters rectal sensitivity in some patients with irritable bowel syndrome. However, this previous study used incremental volume distension of a latex balloon, which might be susceptible to subject response bias and might compromise the assessment of compliance. In addition, the study group was symptomatically rather than physiologically defined.

Lea, R.
Houghton, L. A.
Calvert, E. L.
Larder, S.
Gonsalkorale, W. M.
Whelan, V.
Randles, J.
Cooper, P.
Cruickshanks, P.
Miller, V.
Whorwell, P. J.
Publication Title: 
Vascular Health and Risk Management

BACKGROUND: Vegetarianism is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, studies of arterial function in vegetarians are limited. METHODS: This study investigated arterial function in vegetarianism by comparing 49 healthy postmenopausal vegetarians with 41 age-matched omnivores. The arterial function of the common carotid artery was assessed by carotid duplex, while the pulse dynamics method was used to measure brachial artery distensibility (BAD), compliance (BAC), and resistance (BAR).

Su, Ta-Chen
Torng, Pao-Ling
Jeng, Jiann-Shing
Chen, Ming-Fong
Liau, Chiau-Suong
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: n-3 Fatty acid supplementation in adults results in cardiovascular benefits. However, the cardiovascular effects of n-3 supplementation in early childhood are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate blood pressure (BP) and arterial structure and function in 8-y-old children who had participated in a randomized controlled trial of dietary n-3 and n-6 modification over the first 5 y of life.

Ayer, Julian G.
Harmer, Jason A.
Xuan, Wei
Toelle, Brett
Webb, Karen
Almqvist, Catarina
Marks, Guy B.
Celermajer, David S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vascular Surgery

OBJECTIVE: To assess the gender and ethnic differences in arterial compliance in patients with intermittent claudication. METHODS: A total of 114 patients participated, including 38 Caucasian men, 32 Caucasian women, 16 African American men, and 28 African American women. Patients were assessed on large artery elasticity index (LAEI), small artery elasticity index (SAEI), age, weight, body mass index, ankle-brachial index (ABI), smoking status, and metabolic syndrome components.

Gardner, Andrew W.
Montgomery, Polly S.
Blevins, Steve M.
Parker, Donald E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Test-retest reliability of a hand-held tissue compliance meter was evaluated in 20 normal subjects at four paraspinal locations to determine possible effects of probe response or other sources of variability on measurements taken 10 min later at exactly the same location. If tissue compliance, as measured by this instrument, is to be used in a pre-post context to evaluate treatment effects, caution is urged, since 26% of the sites were significantly (+/- 1.96 SD) different on 10 min retest though subjects remained supine and without intervention.

Jansen, R. D.
Nansel, D. D.
Slosberg, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability and the accuracy of a common method of tissue compliance measurement using a series of non-biological test surfaces (foam). Currently, tissue compliance measurement is most commonly obtained with a hand-held instrument known as a tissue compliance meter (TCM). DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Human Performance Laboratory, University of Calgary. INTERVENTION: A TCM was tested on four surfaces (three test and one control) with five different input forces resulting in 20 unique surface/force combinations.

Kawchuk, G.
Herzog, W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: One explanation for the poor reliability of manual judgments of posteroanterior (PA) stiffness may be that if manual therapists use different forces when testing, different stiffness is perceived. This study was conducted to examine measurements of lumbar PA stiffness obtained using a device programmed to generate different loading forces. SUBJECTS: Twenty-five subjects with no history of low back pain and a mean age of 23.5 yr were measured.

Latimer, J.
Lee, M.
Adams, R. D.


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