Conflict (Psychology)

Publication Title: 
Journal of family psychology: JFP: journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)

Although the ability to forgive transgressions has been linked to overall relationship satisfaction, the mechanisms that mediate this association have not been established. We propose that the tendency to forgive a romantic partner increases relationship satisfaction via increased relational effort and decreased negative conflict. In two studies, we used structural equations modeling to examine these variables as potential mechanisms that drive this association.

Author(s): 
Braithwaite, Scott R.
Selby, Edward A.
Fincham, Frank D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of family psychology: JFP: journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)

Research on marital interaction has focused primarily on couples in conflict contexts to understand better processes associated with concurrent and longitudinal outcomes such as marital stability and quality. Although this work has consistently revealed particular emotions (e.g., contempt) or behavioral sequences (e.g., demand/withdraw) predictive of later marital distress, it largely has neglected to take positive contexts into consideration.

Author(s): 
Graber, Elana C.
Laurenceau, Jean-Philippe
Miga, Erin
Chango, Joanna
Coan, James
Publication Title: 
Rehabilitation Psychology

OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences between mother's and father's perceptions of marital relationship quality, child rearing disagreements, and family functioning over the initial 18 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in early childhood relative to an orthopedic-injury comparison group. METHODS: Participants included 147 parent-dyads of children with TBI (n = 53) and orthopedic injuries (OI; n = 94) who were between the ages of 3 and 7 years at injury.

Author(s): 
Bendikas, Emily A.
Wade, Shari L.
Cassedy, Amy
Taylor, H. Gerry
Yeates, Keith Owen
Publication Title: 
Omega

Two studies are reported which explore romance as a means of terror management for participants with secure and insecure attachment styles. Mikulincer and Florian (2000) have shown that while mortality salience increases the desire for intimacy in securely attached individuals, the insecurely attached use cultural world views rather than close relationships to cope with fear of death.

Author(s): 
Smith, Rebecca
Massey, Emma
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality Disorders

Previous studies have implicated attachment and disturbances in romantic relationships as important indicators for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). The current research extends our current knowledge by examining the specific associations among attachment, romantic relationship dysfunction, and BPD, above and beyond the contribution of emotional distress and nonromantic interpersonal functioning in two distinct samples. Study 1 comprised a community sample of women (N = 58) aged 25-36. Study 2 consisted of a psychiatric sample (N = 138) aged 21-60.

Author(s): 
Hill, Jonathan
Stepp, Stephanie D.
Wan, Ming Wai
Hope, Holly
Morse, Jennifer Q.
Steele, Miriam
Steele, Howard
Pilkonis, Paul A.
Publication Title: 
Health Communication

This article draws on the relational turbulence model to illuminate the dynamics of depression in romantic relationships using a thematic analysis of online discourse. Three content areas of relational uncertainty were apparent: (a) depression uncertainty (questions about physical harm, source of depression, and understanding), (b) self and partner uncertainty (questions about helplessness and identity), and (c) relationship uncertainty (questions about physical intimacy, relationship satisfaction, and the future of the relationship).

Author(s): 
Knobloch, Leanne K.
Delaney, Amy L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Genetic Psychology

Although researchers have investigated how adolescents' friendships affect their romantic relationships, the influence of romantic relationships on friendships is unexamined. As a first step, 9th- (n = 198) and 11th grade students (n = 152) reported on their conceptions of friendship when one friend had a romantic relationship and when neither friend had a romantic relationship. As predicted, adolescents believed friendships in which a friend was dating would be characterized by less positive features and more negative features than friendships in which neither friend was dating.

Author(s): 
Thomas, Jennifer J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Social Psychology

This study was designed to examine how the two dimensions of adult attachment styles, attachment anxiety and avoidance, would affect young adults' intentions of self-improvement in response to various regulatory strategies used by a close other (i.e., a romantic partner or best friend). One hundred and eighteen undergraduate students were involved in this study.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Hong
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

In a behavioral observation study with dating couples, we examined (a) how attachment orientations predict humor use and (b) how people respond to their partners' use of humor. Couples were videotaped while trying to resolve a relationship conflict. Each discussion was rated on several theoretically relevant dimensions. Highly avoidant individuals used more aggressive humor and less affiliative humor during their discussions, whereas highly anxious individuals used more self-defeating humor. Individuals also tailored their humor use to partners who were highly anxious and distressed.

Author(s): 
Winterheld, Heike A.
Simpson, Jeffry A.
OriÒa, M. Minda
Publication Title: 
Attachment & Human Development

Recent studies have shown that the presence of a caring relational partner can attenuate neural responses to threat. Here we report reanalyzed data from Coan, Schaefer, and Davidson ( 2006 ), investigating the role of relational mutuality in the neural response to threat. Mutuality reflects the degree to which couple members show mutual interest in the sharing of internal feelings, thoughts, aspirations, and joys - a vital form of responsiveness in attachment relationships.

Author(s): 
Coan, James A.
Kasle, Shelley
Jackson, Alice
Schaefer, Hillary S.
Davidson, Richard J.

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