Consumer Product Safety

Publication Title: 
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

This is the second of two papers which review issues concerning complementary medicines. The first reviewed the extent of use of complementary medicines, and issues related to the regulation and pharmaceutical quality of these products; the second considers evidence for the efficacy of several well-known complementary medicines, and discusses complementary-medicines pharmacovigilance.

Author(s): 
Barnes, Joanne
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Toxicology

Glycyrrhetinic Acid and its salts and esters and Glycyrrhizic Acid and its salts and esters are cosmetic ingredients that function as flavoring agents or skin-conditioning agents - miscellaneous or both. These chemicals may be isolated from licorice plants. Glycyrrhetinc Acid is described as at least 98% pure, with 0.6% 24-OH-Glycyrrhetinic Acid, not more than 20 mu g/g of heavy metals and not more than 2 mu g/g of arsenic. Ammonium Glycyrrhizate has been found to be at least 98% pure and Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate has been found to be at least 95% pure.

Author(s): 
Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-derivative formulations are now widely used to treat falciparum malaria. However, the dry powder suspensions developed for children are few and/or are of poor quality. In addition to the active compound, the presence of a suitable preservative in these medicines is essential. In this study, an evaluation of the preservative content and efficacy in some dry suspensions available on the Kenyan market was performed. METHOD: UV spectrophotometry was used to identify the preservatives in each sample while HPLC-UV was used for quantification.

Author(s): 
Atemnkeng, Magnus A.
De Cock, Katelijne
Plaizier-Vercammen, Jacqueline
Publication Title: 
Maternal and Child Health Journal

OBJECTIVE: Use of vaginal douche products has been linked with a variety of reproductive health problems; nonetheless, the practice of douching persists. The goals of this study were to 1) determine the use of vaginal douches and other feminine hygiene products, 2) ascertain how safe women think vaginal douche products are, and 3) evaluate women's readiness to stop douching. METHODS: A random-digit-dial computer-assisted telephone survey was conducted among US women between the ages of 18 and 44.

Author(s): 
Grimley, Diane M.
Annang, Lucy
Foushee, Herman R.
Bruce, F. Carol
Kendrick, Juliette S.
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Forms of menstrual protection have evolved with time. Today's disposable feminine hygiene products, notably sanitary pads, include a wide range of designs and features to meet women's needs for reliable, discreet, and comfortable protection. Manufacturers support substantive research and testing programs to ensure the safety of these products.

Author(s): 
Farage, Miranda A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: GP-TCM is the first EU-funded Coordination Action consortium dedicated to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. One of the key deliverables of the Work Package 7 in GP-TCM was to investigate information of the existing requirements for registration of TCM products listed by global regulatory bodies. The paper aims to collate data and draw comparison of these regulations. Case studies are also presented to illustrate the problems involved in registering TCM products in different regions worldwide.

Author(s): 
Fan, Tai-Ping
Deal, Greer
Koo, Hoi-Lun
Rees, Daryl
Sun, He
Chen, Shaw
Dou, Jin-Hui
Makarov, Valery G.
Pozharitskaya, Olga N.
Shikov, Alexander N.
Kim, Yeong Shik
Huang, Yi-Tsau
Chang, Yuan Shiun
Jia, William
Dias, Alberto
Wong, Vivian Chi-Woon
Chan, Kelvin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: GP-TCM is the first EU-funded Coordination Action consortium dedicated to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. One of the key deliverables of the Work Package 7 in GP-TCM was to investigate information of the existing requirements for registration of TCM products listed by global regulatory bodies. The paper aims to collate data and draw comparison of these regulations. Case studies are also presented to illustrate the problems involved in registering TCM products in different regions worldwide.

Author(s): 
Fan, Tai-Ping
Deal, Greer
Koo, Hoi-Lun
Rees, Daryl
Sun, He
Chen, Shaw
Dou, Jin-Hui
Makarov, Valery G.
Pozharitskaya, Olga N.
Shikov, Alexander N.
Kim, Yeong Shik
Huang, Yi-Tsau
Chang, Yuan Shiun
Jia, William
Dias, Alberto
Wong, Vivian Chi-Woon
Chan, Kelvin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: GP-TCM is the first EU-funded Coordination Action consortium dedicated to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. One of the key deliverables of the Work Package 7 in GP-TCM was to investigate information of the existing requirements for registration of TCM products listed by global regulatory bodies. The paper aims to collate data and draw comparison of these regulations. Case studies are also presented to illustrate the problems involved in registering TCM products in different regions worldwide.

Author(s): 
Fan, Tai-Ping
Deal, Greer
Koo, Hoi-Lun
Rees, Daryl
Sun, He
Chen, Shaw
Dou, Jin-Hui
Makarov, Valery G.
Pozharitskaya, Olga N.
Shikov, Alexander N.
Kim, Yeong Shik
Huang, Yi-Tsau
Chang, Yuan Shiun
Jia, William
Dias, Alberto
Wong, Vivian Chi-Woon
Chan, Kelvin
Publication Title: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Probiotics are generally defined as microorganisms that, when consumed, generally confer a health benefit on humans. There is considerable interest in probiotics for a variety of medical conditions, and millions of people around the world consume probiotics daily for perceived health benefits. Lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, and lactococci have generally been regarded as safe.

Author(s): 
Snydman, David R.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Probiotics have been in widespread use since ancient times and are increasingly being consumed to maintain health and to prevent and treat a wide range of conditions. In the United States, probiotics are considered to be foods or biologics, depending on their intended use. This article addresses the similarities and differences between approaches to conducting clinical trials of probiotics as foods (which leads to health claims) or as biologics (which leads to therapeutic claims).

Author(s): 
Hibberd, Patricia L.
Davidson, Lisa

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