Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic

Publication Title: 
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether aerobic exercise improves cognition in adults diagnosed with neurologic disorders. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, AMED, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Google Scholar, with the last search performed in December 2010. STUDY SELECTION: We included controlled clinical trials and randomized controlled trials with adults diagnosed with a neurologic disorder.

Author(s): 
McDonnell, Michelle N.
Smith, Ashleigh E.
Mackintosh, Shylie F.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment option for asthma. METHOD: Seven databases were searched from their inception to October 2010. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and non-randomized clinical trials (NRCTs) were considered, if they investigated any type of yoga in patients with asthma. The selection of studies, data extraction, and validation were performed independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Six RCTs and one NRCT met the inclusion criteria. Their methodological quality was mostly poor.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Upper limb repetitive strain injury is a common problem in western countries, causing human suffering and huge economical losses. Patients with prolonged pain associated with repetitive tasks in the work place can face both psychological and physical difficulties. Different treatment programmes, physical, psychological, behavioural, social and occupational treatments have been developed and used to help these patients.

Author(s): 
Karjalainen, K.
Malmivaara, A.
van Tulder, M.
Roine, R.
Jauhiainen, M.
Hurri, H.
Koes, B.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Upper limb repetitive strain injury is a common problem in western countries, causing human suffering and huge economical losses. Patients with prolonged pain associated with repetitive tasks in the work place can face both psychological and physical difficulties. Different treatment programmes, physical, psychological, behavioural , social and occupational treatments have been developed and used to help these patients.

Author(s): 
Karjalainen, Kaija A.
Malmivaara, Antti
van Tulder, Maurits W.
Roine, Risto
Jauhiainen, Merja
Hurri, Heikki
Koes, Bart W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of any organic cause. Despite its prevalence, there remains a significant lack of efficient medical treatment for IBS to date. However, according to some previous research studies, hypnosis has been shown to be effective in the treatment of IBS. AIM: To determine the definite efficacy of hypnosis in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.

Author(s): 
Gholamrezaei, Ali
Ardestani, Samaneh Khanpour
Emami, Mohammad Hasan
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To determine from the published evidence whether autogenic training as sole therapy is effective for prevention of tension-type headaches in adults. METHOD: Systematic review of controlled trials. Literature searches were performed in January 2005 in six major databases, specifically Medline, EMBASE, AMED, CENTRAL, PsychInfo and CINAHL and information was extracted and evaluated in a pre-defined manner. RESULTS: Seven controlled clinical trials were included in the review. The methodological quality of these studies was low.

Author(s): 
Kanji, N.
White, A. R.
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex and prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorder that is treated with limited effectiveness by standard medical care. Hypnosis treatment is, along with cognitive-behavioral therapy, the psychological therapy best researched as an intervention for IBS. Eleven studies, including 5 controlled studies, have assessed the therapeutic effects of hypnosis for IBS.

Author(s): 
Whitehead, William E.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

Asthma is among the most common chronic diseases of the western world and has significant effects on patients' health and quality of life. Asthma is typically treated with pharmaceutical products, but there is interest in finding nonpharmaceutical therapies for this condition. Hypnosis has been used clinically to treat a variety of disorders that are refractive to pharmaceutical-based therapies, including asthma, but relatively little attention has been given recently to the use of clinical hypnosis as a standard treatment for asthma.

Author(s): 
Hackman, R. M.
Stern, J. S.
Gershwin, M. E.
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Recent systematic reviews on psychological therapies of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) did not consider hypnosis/guided imagery (H/GI). Therefore we performed a systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy of H/GI in FMS. METHODS: We screened http://ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SCOPUS (through December 2010). (Quasi-) randomized controlled trials (CTs) comparing H/GI with controls were analyzed. Outcomes were pain, sleep, fatigue, depressed mood and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Author(s): 
Bernardy, Kathrin
Füber, Nicole
Klose, Petra
Häuser, Winfried
Publication Title: 
Presse Medicale (Paris, France: 1983)

OBJECTIVE: Hypnosis is classically presented as a useful psychotherapy for various psychiatric conditions, especially in the field of stress and anxiety. However, its place in therapeutic of chronic anxiety disorders remains unclear and questioned. Thus, the goal of this systematic review was to analyse the papers reporting clinical data on the efficacy of hypnosis in anxiety disorders.

Author(s): 
Pelissolo, Antoine

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