Cortical Synchronization

Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Disorders in verbal and emotional communication and imitation, social reciprocity and higher order cognition observed in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are presented here as phenotypic expressions of temporo-spatial processing disorders (TSPDs). TSPDs include various degrees of disability in (i) processing multi-sensory dynamic stimuli online, (ii) associating them into meaningful and coherent patterns and (iii) producing real-time sensory-motor adjustments and motor outputs.

Author(s): 
Gepner, Bruno
FÈron, FranÁois
Publication Title: 
Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Author(s): 
Carli, G.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatrie, Neurologie Und Medizinische Psychologie. Beihefte
Author(s): 
Monachov, K. K.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

Dynamics of structural changes of coherent relations between electrical activity of sensorimotor and premotor cortical areas of both cerebral hemispheres during and after "animal hypnosis" was studied by spectral-correlative analysis in rabbits. It was shown that "animal hypnosis" had very long-lasting trace processes, i.e., hypnotic structure of coherent relations of electrical activity in the cerebral cortex was maintained during several days.

Author(s): 
Rusinova, E. V.
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

In this double-blinded randomized study, we sought to confirm that patients undergoing general anesthesia who were exposed to a hemispheric synchronization (Hemi-Sync) musical recording during surgery had a smaller analgesia requirement, as was suggested in a previous study. Bispectral index monitoring was used to adjust depth of hypnosis, and hemodynamic variables were used to determine analgesia administration. Consented patients underwent either laparoscopic bariatric or one-level lumbar disk surgery.

Author(s): 
Lewis, Ariane K.
Osborn, Irene P.
Roth, Ram
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

Twelve mentally healthy women aged 21-38 years were studied in the state of consciousness and hypnosis. The main study method was electroencephalography with assessment of the spatial synchronization of brain biopotentials (SSBP). Suggestion of high-intensity attention delivered to subjects in the hypnotic state was found to lead to significant reorganization of SSBP, with increases in SSBP between both occipital areas, the right temporal area, and other parts of the brain.

Author(s): 
Tambiev, A. E.
Medvedev, S. D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurophysiology

The ionic mechanisms that contribute to general anesthetic actions have not been elucidated, although increasing evidence has pointed to roles for subthreshold ion channels, such as the HCN channels underlying the neuronal hyperpolarization-activated cationic current (Ih). Here, we used conventional HCN1 knockout mice to test directly the contributions of specific HCN subunits to effects of isoflurane, an inhalational anesthetic, on membrane and integrative properties of motor and cortical pyramidal neurons in vitro.

Author(s): 
Chen, Xiangdong
Shu, Shaofang
Kennedy, Dylan P.
Willcox, Sarah C.
Bayliss, Douglas A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Placebo analgesia is an indicator of how efficiently the brain translates psychological signals conveyed by a treatment procedure into pain relief. It has been demonstrated that functional connectivity between distributed brain regions predicts placebo analgesia in chronic back pain patients. Greater network efficiency in baseline brain networks may allow better information transfer and facilitate adaptive physiological responses to psychological aspects of treatment.

Author(s): 
Hashmi, Javeria Ali
Kong, Jian
Spaeth, Rosa
Khan, Sheraz
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Gollub, Randy L.
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine / Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Hui, Zhongguo Zhong Yi Yan Jiu Yuan Zhu Ban

Using spectrum analysis method, the electroencephalogram (EEG) changes of the students who first learned Zhanzhuang Qigong in comparing with the students who did not practice at all were observed, over a period of one year. The results showed that the spectrum of EEG did not change significantly after half year training, but one year later, the alpha index of right frontal and right temporal regions decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and the beta index of right frontal and right temporal regions decreased significantly (P < 0.05).

Author(s): 
Yang, S. H.
Yang, Q. F.
Shi, J. M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Placebo analgesia is an indicator of how efficiently the brain translates psychological signals conveyed by a treatment procedure into pain relief. It has been demonstrated that functional connectivity between distributed brain regions predicts placebo analgesia in chronic back pain patients. Greater network efficiency in baseline brain networks may allow better information transfer and facilitate adaptive physiological responses to psychological aspects of treatment.

Author(s): 
Hashmi, Javeria Ali
Kong, Jian
Spaeth, Rosa
Khan, Sheraz
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Gollub, Randy L.
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