Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone

Publication Title: 
World journal of gastroenterology: WJG

AIM: To investigate the effect and mechanism of electro-acupuncture (EA) at ST25 and ST37 on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) of rats. METHODS: A total of 21 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group and EA group. A rat model of IBS was established by constraining the limbs and distending the colorectum of rats. Rats in EA group received bilateral EA at ST25 and ST37 with a sparse and intense waveform at a frequency of 2/50 Hz for 15 min, once a day for 7 d as a course. Rats in normal and model groups were stimulated by distending colorectum (CR).

Author(s): 
Ma, Xiao-Peng
Tan, Lin-Ying
Yang, Yun
Wu, Huan-Gan
Jiang, Bin
Liu, Hui-Rong
Yang, Ling
Publication Title: 
World journal of gastroenterology: WJG

AIM: To evaluate the effect of suspended moxibustion (SM) on rectal sensory thresholds and to analyze the possible mechanisms involved in SM treatment of chronic visceral hypersensitivity (CVH) in rats. METHODS: SM was administered once daily to 37-d-old CVH rats for 7 d. The two pairs of acupoints (ST25 and ST37, bilateral) were simultaneously treated with SM. Each treatment lasted for 30 min. Rats undergoing treatment with SM were not anesthetized. Untreated CVH rats and normal rats were used as controls.

Author(s): 
Zhou, En-Hua
Wang, Xiao-Mei
Ding, Guang-Hong
Wu, Huan-Gan
Qi, Li
Liu, Hui-Rong
Zhang, Shu-Jing
Publication Title: 
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether wild ginseng (WG) administration could attenuate anxiety- and depression-like behaviors and expression of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) following withdrawal from repeated morphine administration in rats. Male rats were administered daily doses of WG (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg, i.p.) for 5 days, 30 min before morphine injection (40 mg/kg, s.c).

Author(s): 
Lee, Bombi
Kim, Hyuk
Shim, Insop
Lee, Hyejung
Hahm, Dae-Hyun
Publication Title: 
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

In this study, we assessed the effects of ginsenoside Re (GRe) administration on repeated immobilization stressinduced behavioral alterations using the forced swimming test (FST), the elevated plus maze (EPM), and the active avoidance conditioning test (AAT). Additionally, we examined the effect of GRe on the central adrenergic system by observing changes in neuronal tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA expression in the rat brain.

Author(s): 
Lee, Bombi
Shim, Insop
Lee, Hyejung
Hahm, Dae-Hyun
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Endocrinology

Electroacupuncture (EA) is used to treat chronic stress; however, its mechanism(s) of action in allaying stress remains unclear. The interplay of stress hormones of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is critical in the stress response. Our objective was to determine whether EA at acupoint, stomach 36 (EA St₃₆) is effective in preventing chronic cold stress-induced increased hormone levels in the rat by examining four groups of animals, three of which were exposed to cold and one of which was a non-treatment control group.

Author(s): 
Eshkevari, Ladan
Permaul, Eva
Mulroney, Susan E.

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