Countertransference (Psychology)

Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

Erotic transferences occur on a spectrum reflecting the ease or difficulty of their management. They represent sexualized re-enactments of important childhood relationships. This phase in psychotherapy may be a transient developmental feature or in some instances, assume a formidable resistance to further insightful work. Two case illustrations are given to indicate the breadth of this spectrum. Reasons are discussed for such differences in erotic transferences and their resolutions.

Author(s): 
Frayn, D. H.
Silberfeld, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

The last five decades of the American cinema have produced a remarkably consistent stereotype of the female analyst. In films such as Spellbound (1945), Knock on Wood (1954), Sex and the Single Girl (1964), They Might be Giants (1971), and The Man Who Loved Women (1983), women analysts are swept away by countertransference love that leads them to become sexually or romantically involved with their male patients.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, G. O.
Gabbard, K.
Publication Title: 
The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences

This paper deals with the nature and function of transference and countertransference, with respect to transference love. After a summary of the major views on the nature of transference and its function in the analytic process, the paper presents a case in which this issue of transference love was pertinent and how the therapist dealt with these feelings.

Author(s): 
Benayah, C.
Stern, M.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic

The causes of therapist-patient sex are complex and multidetermined. Efforts to understand why psychotherapists transgress sexual boundaries are hampered by the lure of reductionism and oversimplification. Most of those who examine this issue would prefer to categorize all such therapists as "bad" and "corrupt" as a way of distancing themselves and disavowing any similarities between these therapists and themselves.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, G. O.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

Within a set of phenomena traditionally problematic for psychoanalysis, four types of erotic transference are outlined with a description of their dynamic genesis and related case histories (transference and countertransference developments, fundamental treatment procedures): erotised, erotic, loving, and affectionate transference. The first type is based mostly on psychotic modalities, the second on neurotic modalities.

Author(s): 
Bolognini, S.
Publication Title: 
Psyche

The phenomenon of love and the various forms it takes can be illustrated by looking at the specific forms manifesting themselves in the transference situation. The author sets out these various forms of "transference love", classifying them not only in terms of different diagnostic types of patient but also in terms of sex-specific features. He describes how, over time, transference love seeks a love object outside the psychoanalytic setting for the fulfillment of the desires awakened in the course of the therapeutic relationship.

Author(s): 
Kernberg, O. F.
Publication Title: 
The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences

Love-sick patients come to therapy because they are suffering from an obsession. Their lover has left, apparently for good. They cannot accept this fact, mourn the loss and get on with life. Object relations theory offers a framework for better understanding their suffering. The patients described have experienced early relationship disturbances, and their adult love offered an illusory defence against deep feelings of fragility and low self-esteem. Accepting the finality of their lover's departure meant re-experiencing feelings of abandonment and worthlessness.

Author(s): 
Moss, E.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

The author considers that Ferenczi's work has had a significant influence both on theorising and on the clinical practice of psychoanalysis. His 'Diary', written with such personal candour and presented with such consistency of reflective orientation, reveals many of the assumptions that found Ferenczi's work and thought. One enormously significant aspect of Ferenczi's work concerns his rendering of hatred and hate-reactions as 'insane' and 'unreal'.

Author(s): 
Friedman, J. A.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Psychotherapy

The study of sexual boundary violations, through the actual evaluation and treatment of therapists who have engaged in sexual misconduct, reveals that all of us are potentially vulnerable to violations of this nature. A number of lessons can be learned from the detailed examination of these cases. These lessons include the following: (1) There is a difference between the conscious and unconscious intent of the therapist.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, G. O.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Analytical Psychology

The literature on erotic transference and countertransference between female analyst and male patient is reviewed and discussed. It is known that female analysts are less likely than their male colleagues to act out sexually with their patients. It has been claimed that a) male patients do not experience sustained erotic transferences, and b) female analysts do not experience erotic countertransferences with female or male patients.

Author(s): 
Schaverien, J.

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