Crime

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Shocking news of robberies committed using hypnosis on bank cashiers, salespeople, or passers-by has sporadically been reported by the media in countries around the world. The first reported episode in Italy dates to the 1950s. Although the phenomenon has been reported in the papers more frequently in recent years, no objective analysis of it has been published in the scientific literature.

Author(s): 
Clerici, Carlo Alfredo
Veneroni, Laura
De'micheli, Angelo
Betsos, Isabella Merzagora
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

INTRODUCTION: Social scientists have long recognized the important role that neighborhood crime can play in stress-related disease, but very little is known about potential biosocial mechanisms that may link the experience of living in high-crime neighborhoods with depression. OBJECTIVE: The current study introduces an integrated model that combines neighborhood, genetic, and epigenetic factors. METHODS: Hypotheses were tested with a sample of 99 African American women from the Family and Community Health Study (FACHS).

Author(s): 
Lei, Man-Kit
Beach, Steven R. H.
Simons, Ronald L.
Philibert, Robert A.
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

Homosexual activist groups have targeted the Catholic Church and the American military as institutions especially in need of transformation. Associations of healthcare professionals are also under assault from homosexual activists. It is, nevertheless, appropriate for the Church and the military to defend themselves against this assault, to affirm that homosexuality is incompatible with Christian ethics and military service, and to help homosexuals free themselves from the vice of homosexuality. Arguments that homosexual reorientation therapy is unethical are unsound.

Author(s): 
Lutz, David
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

In his paper "The Catholic Church, the American Military, and Homosexual Reorientation Therapy," David W. Lutz ultimately concludes that it is "appropriate, and highly ethical" for the American military to offer reorientation therapy to help homosexuals overcome "the vice of sodomy." The major thrust of his paper, however, is to call for abandonment of the "Don't Ask/Don't Tell" policy currently in place in the military.

Author(s): 
Hierholzer, Robert
Publication Title: 
Orvosi Hetilap

According to Article 14 of the Oviedo Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine of the Council of Europe, the use of techniques of medically assisted procreation shall not be allowed for the purpose of choosing the sex of a future child, unless serious hereditary sex-related disease is to be avoided. In Israel and the United States of America, pre-conception sex selection for the purpose of family balancing is legal. The European health culture does not regard reproductive justice as part of social justice. From this aspect, the situation is very similar in China and India.

Author(s): 
Julesz, M·tÈ
Publication Title: 
The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

Five cases are presented wherein the violent person had had no substantial previous history of violence. Each of these people idealized the partner, were unable to accept the fact that the relationship was at an end and split off the anger. Frantic attempts to repair the relationship were made. Under various psychophysiological conditions, dyscontrol resulted in an outburst of violence toward the loved one.

Author(s): 
Bursten, B.
Publication Title: 
Adolescence

Ever since Wechsler observed that the adolescent sociopath characteristically scored higher on the performance section of the Wechsler IQ scale relative to the verbal section, psychologists have been debating its meaning. This study examines the relationships between P-V discrepancy scores, love deprivation, and juvenile delinquency among a sample of juvenile probationers. P greater than V scores were significantly related to love deprivation and violent crimes.

Author(s): 
Walsh, A.
Beyer, J. A.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

OBJECTIVE: This paper is the first of a 2-part review on the topic of stalking. It outlines the behaviours involved, epidemiology, motivation of offenders, and mental health consequences for the victim. METHOD: Computerized literature searches were used to identify relevant papers from psychiatric and legal journals. Publications by victims' and women's organizations provided additional information. RESULTS: Up to 1 in 20 women will be stalked during her lifetime. The majority of victims are female, while the offenders are usually male.

Author(s): 
Abrams, K. M.
Robinson, G. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Forensic Sciences

This study investigated female experiences of stalking by former partners following the dissolution of heterosexual romantic relationships. It aimed to identify those characteristics of former partners that were associated with stalking as opposed to other post-relationship experiences of minor harassment or no-harassment. Three hundred and five female undergraduates (all had experienced dissolution of a heterosexual romantic relationship) completed a 48-item questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Roberts, Karl A.
Publication Title: 
Annual Review of Psychology

Personality has consequences. Measures of personality have contemporaneous and predictive relations to a variety of important outcomes. Using the Big Five factors as heuristics for organizing the research literature, numerous consequential relations are identified.

Author(s): 
Ozer, Daniel J.
Benet-MartÌnez, VerÛnica

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