INTRODUCTION: Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), of which there are over 100 types, which probably infects the skin via areas of minimal trauma. Risk factors include use of communal showers, occupational handling of meat, and immunosuppression. In immunocompetent people, warts are harmless and resolve as a result of natural immunity within months or years. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for warts (non-genital)?
The purpose of this study was to examine the intramuscular temperature response during an ice massage treatment. In addition, the effect of subcutaneous tissue thickness and limb circumference on temperature changes was investigated. Intramuscular temperature was measured by intramuscular thermocouples each minute during ice massage treatments of five, ten and fifteen minutes. It was shown that ice massage produces a significant drop in intramuscular temperature. However, there was no significant difference in temperature change after five minutes of treatment.
One year after the initiation of a prospective, randomized, crossover trial comparing dilation and massage to urethral cryosurgery utilizing a specially designed urethral cryoprobe, our results show that cryosurgery was more effective in the treatment of recurrent urethral syndrome in women. Ninety-one percent of patients first treated with cryosurgery were successful in achieving relief from their symptoms whereas only 33% of the women initially treated with dilation and massage were successful (P = .005).
Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the methods and effects of serial therapies oriented by surgery in the treatment of primary large liver cancers. METHODS: From January 1993 to June 1999, 191 patients with large liver carcinoma were treated surgically. The size of tumors varied from 5.2 to 19.7 cm (mean 9.4 cm). Several types of liver resections were made in 121 patients and as a supplement, cryosurgery was carried out for the remaining 70 patients. Importable drug delivery system was instituted intraoperatively.