Cryotherapy

Publication Title: 
BMJ clinical evidence

INTRODUCTION: Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), of which there are over 100 types, which probably infects the skin via areas of minimal trauma. Risk factors include use of communal showers, occupational handling of meat, and immunosuppression. In immunocompetent people, warts are harmless and resolve as a result of natural immunity within months or years. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for warts (non-genital)?

Author(s): 
Loo, Steven King-Fan
Tang, William Yuk-Ming
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Chronic tendon pathology is a soft tissue condition commonly seen in chiropractic practice. Tendonitis, tendinosis, and tendinopathy are terms used to describe this clinical entity. The purpose of this article is to review interventions commonly used by doctors of chiropractic when treating tendinopathy. METHODS: The Scientific Commission of the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) was charged with developing literature syntheses, organized by anatomical region, to evaluate and report on the evidence base for chiropractic care.

Author(s): 
Pfefer, Mark T.
Cooper, Stephan R.
Uhl, Nathan L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

BACKGROUND: Given the dearth of high quality research on conservative treatment for spinal stenosis, an empirical understanding of the scope of physical therapy provided in the community can help focus research and build standards of care. OBJECTIVES: Provide preliminary insight into current physical therapy practice in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), from both patient and physical therapist perspectives. METHODS: Patients greater than 50 years of age with LSS diagnosed by a spine surgeon were recruited to participate in a telephone survey regarding treatment.

Author(s): 
Tomkins, Christy C.
Dimoff, Katherine H.
Forman, Holly S.
Gordon, Emily S.
McPhail, Jennifer
Wong, Joyce R.
Battié, Michele C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Chronic tendon pathology is a soft tissue condition commonly seen in chiropractic practice. Tendonitis, tendinosis, and tendinopathy are terms used to describe this clinical entity. The purpose of this article is to review interventions commonly used by doctors of chiropractic when treating tendinopathy. METHODS: The Scientific Commission of the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) was charged with developing literature syntheses, organized by anatomical region, to evaluate and report on the evidence base for chiropractic care.

Author(s): 
Pfefer, Mark T.
Cooper, Stephan R.
Uhl, Nathan L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breast engorgement is a painful and unpleasant condition affecting large numbers of women in the early postpartum period. During a time when mothers are coping with the demands of a new baby it may be particularly distressing. Breast engorgement may inhibit the development of successful breastfeeding, lead to early breastfeeding cessation, and is associated with more serious illness, including breast infection. OBJECTIVES: To identify the best forms of treatment for women who experience breast engorgement.

Author(s): 
Mangesi, Lindeka
Dowswell, Therese
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breast engorgement is a painful condition affecting large numbers of women in the early postpartum period. It may lead to premature weaning, cracked nipples, mastitis and breast abscess. Various forms of treatment for engorgement have been studied but so far little evidence has been found on an effective intervention. OBJECTIVES: This is an update of a systematic review first published by Snowden et al. in 2001 and subsequently published in 2010. The objective of this update is to seek new information on the best forms of treatment for breast engorgement in lactating women.

Author(s): 
Mangesi, Lindeka
Zakarija-Grkovic, Irena
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy

The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. Issue 3 2007 contains 3197 complete reviews, 1744 protocols for reviews in production and 6312 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 503,000 randomized controlled trials, and 9628 cited papers in the Cochrane methodology register. The health technology assessment database contains 6817 citations. This edition of the Library contains 103 new reviews of which 11 have potential relevance for practitioners in pain and palliative medicine.

Author(s): 
Wiffen, Philip J.
Publication Title: 
The Canadian Journal of Urology

BACKGROUND: To date, few two-arm active treatment randomized control trials (RCTs) have compared prostate cancer therapies. OBJECTIVE: To examine the difference and similarities between the reasons for accepting and declining participation in a two-arm active treatment RCT comparing external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) versus cryotherapy. METHODS: Eleven men with prostate cancer, selected purposively, participated in a 30-minute post-treatment semi-structured interview.

Author(s): 
Eng, Michael
Taylor, Liam
Verhoef, Marja
Ernst, Scott
Donnelly, Bryan
Publication Title: 
Annales De Dermatologie Et De Vénéréologie

BACKGROUND: Technical procedures in dermatology are painful. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine predictive factors for pain in such procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This observational study evaluated pain by means of a numerical pain rating scale and a questionnaire about the circumstances of the pain and the use of analgesic methods. Data were analysed using Excel and SAS software. RESULTS: Five hundred and forty-six questionnaires were analysed. Among the patients, 45.4% had mild pain, 34.5% moderate pain and 20.1% severe pain.

Author(s): 
Talour, K.
Schollhammer, M.
Garlantezec, R.
Quinio, B.
Misery, L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Foot Surgery

This paper presents a review of the literature of various modes of physical therapy available to the podiatrist. Included are superficial and deep heating agents, applications of cold, and massage. Their methods of application, physiological responses, indications, and contraindications are discussed.

Author(s): 
Feldman, R. S.
Hugar, D. W.

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