Cultural Characteristics

Publication Title: 
Voprosy Pitaniia

Nutrition of the elderly population aged 60-90 years and over living in the rural areas of Abkhazia is conservative in nature. It is marked by strict adherence to national habits and traditions. The national features of the examined population include high consumption of dairy and vegetable products, low consumption of salt, sugar, meat, fish, vegetable oil, high content in the diets of acute flavors and vegetable sauces, moderate consumption of alcoholic drinks.

Author(s): 
Grigorov, Iu G.
Kozlovskaia, S. G.
Medovar, B. Ia
Publication Title: 
Revue MÈdicale De LiËge

The hypothesis of the atherogenic role of oxidized. LDL lipoproteins and the observation of the longevity of individuals on a "mediterranean diet" led to the concept that antioxidant vitamins may exert cardiovascular protective effects. In this first article, we summarize the results of the main epidemiological studies which analyzed the influence of dietary intakes (or resulting plasma concentrations) in vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol), vitamin A (beta-carotene) or vitamin C (ascorbic acid).

Author(s): 
Scheen, A. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis: JTH

The consumption of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated acids (PUFA) is considered to protect against cardiovascular disease and promote longevity following a heart attack. Historically, research in this area was fuelled by compelling reports of the cardiovascular benefits of omega-3 PUFA in select populations and cultures. More recent studies, in wider populations, suggest discordant findings: differences that are difficult to reconcile as the mechanism of action of omega-3 PUFA are poorly understood.

Author(s): 
Patel, J. V.
Tracey, I.
Hughes, E. A.
Lip, G. Y.
Publication Title: 
The ABNF journal: official journal of the Association of Black Nursing Faculty in Higher Education, Inc

Obesity presents a public health challenge and is a serious chronic medical condition that is associated with multiple co-morbidities and reduced survivability/longevity. African American adolescents who retain weight after pregnancy are at the highest risk of becoming obese adults. Obesity is associated with 300,000 deaths per year and expected to cost the US. health care system over 237 million dollars within the next decade. The prevalence of obesity is cause for concern because of its economic costs and its toll in human suffering due to related morbidity and mortality.

Author(s): 
Phillips, Thelma
Publication Title: 
International Review of Psychiatry (Abingdon, England)

The Salutogenesis theory and its essential component, the sense of coherence (SOC) is an epigenetic concept. The SOC was defined as a 'way of being in the world'. As such it is most important that one's SOC will be intact for healthy mental status. Collisions between western and non-western cultures might interfere in the process of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. This review demonstrates the importance of a culture-sensitive approach and therapy and the usefulness of specific culture-sensitive services for certain non-western populations.

Author(s): 
Benyamin, Maoz
Hadar, Shalev
Asher, Shiber
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

HIV appeared in Ireland following an opiate epidemic in the early 1980s. Initially, however, the gay community mounted the only response to the spread of the virus while the implementation of early actions by the government was hampered by the constructions of the disease within Irish society. This paper considers the influence of the religious hierarchy in both the development of AIDS policy and in the shaping of public perceptions of the disease and those affected.

Author(s): 
Smyth, F.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

When compared to suicide rates in the general population, it may be expected that elderly suicide rates would be lower in Catholic and Orthodox societies than in non-Catholic or non-Orthodox countries because of religious affiliations and extended family traditions. National suicide rates in the general population were compared with rates in the sub-population of those aged over 75 years. Proportionately, there are significantly higher suicide rates in elderly men in Catholic and Orthodox countries, compared to rates in other countries, with a trend for similar findings among women.

Author(s): 
Pritchard, C.
Baldwin, D.
Publication Title: 
Home Healthcare Nurse

This article examines the cultural influences of the Hispanic patient, such as health beliefs, communication styles, family and religious values, and time perception. In order to design and deliver individualized comprehensive care with the client and family, these assessment factors must be explored to create a plan of care that is tailored to meet the individualized needs of the patient and family.

Author(s): 
Knoerl, Ann Marie
Publication Title: 
Family & Community Health

This article documents the historical factors that led to shifts in mission work toward a greater emphasis on community health for the poor and most vulnerable of society in sub-Saharan Africa after 1945. Using the example of the Medical Mission Sisters from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and their work in Ghana, we challenge the conventional narrative of medical missions as agents of imperialism.

Author(s): 
Johnson, Lauren
Wall, Barbra Mann
Publication Title: 
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

BACKGROUND: Diabetes continuously disrupts a patient's well-being and quality of life. Successful self-care could potentially decrease overall costs and rates of mortality and morbidity. Patients' experiences could be used to elucidate what they believe about illness and its management. The overall aim of this study was to illuminate the meaning of self-care among diabetic patients in Southeast of Iran. METHODS: Sixteen diabetic patients with a mean age of 34 and 10 years' experience in self-care for their disease were interviewed.

Author(s): 
Azizzadeh Forouzi, M.
Tirgari, Batool

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