Cultural Competency

Publication Title: 
Academic Psychiatry: The Journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: As it is increasingly recognized that cultural competence is an essential quality for any practicing psychiatrist, postgraduate psychiatry training programs need to incorporate cultural competence training into their curricula. This article documents the unique approach to resident cultural competence training being developed in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto, which has the largest residency training program in North America and is situated in an ethnically diverse city and country.

Author(s): 
Fung, Kenneth
Andermann, Lisa
Zaretsky, Ari
Lo, Hung-Tat
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bioethical Inquiry

The debate around the ethics of homeopathy in recent issues of the journal has been approached as a binary question; is homeopathy ethical or not? This paper suggests that this is an unhelpful question and instead discusses a framework to establish the extent to which the dominant (medical) culture should tolerate non-dominant health practices such as homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Gray, Ben
Publication Title: 
International Review of Psychiatry (Abingdon, England)

The Salutogenesis theory and its essential component, the sense of coherence (SOC) is an epigenetic concept. The SOC was defined as a 'way of being in the world'. As such it is most important that one's SOC will be intact for healthy mental status. Collisions between western and non-western cultures might interfere in the process of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. This review demonstrates the importance of a culture-sensitive approach and therapy and the usefulness of specific culture-sensitive services for certain non-western populations.

Author(s): 
Benyamin, Maoz
Hadar, Shalev
Asher, Shiber
Publication Title: 
Contemporary Clinical Trials

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a disease with tremendous individual, family, and societal impact across all race/ethnic groups. Mexican Americans, the largest subgroup of Hispanic Americans, are at even higher risk of stroke than European Americans. AIM: To test the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive, church-based, multi-component, motivational enhancement intervention for Mexican Americans and European Americans in reducing stroke risk factors.

Author(s): 
Brown, Devin L.
Conley, Kathleen M.
Resnicow, Kenneth
Murphy, Jillian
S·nchez, Brisa N.
Cowdery, Joan E.
Sais, Emma
Lisabeth, Lynda D.
Skolarus, Lesli E.
Zahuranec, Darin B.
Williams, Geoffrey C.
Morgenstern, Lewis B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to discover universal and diverse care meanings and expressions of the selected urban African American adolescent gang culture within a qualitative paradigm. DESIGN: The study was conducted using ethnonursing research methodology and was guided by Leininger's theory of culture care. Thirteen key participants and 28 general participants were selected from a school setting in a Midwestern city.

Author(s): 
Morris, Edith J.
Publication Title: 
BMC health services research

BACKGROUND: To describe the maternity care experiences of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander women in Queensland, Australia and to identify areas for policy and practice improvements. METHODS: A culturally-tailored survey requesting both quantitative and qualitative information was completed by respondents either independently (online or in hard copy) or with the assistance of a trained peer-interviewer.

Author(s): 
Parker, Susan
McKinnon, Loretta
Kruske, Sue
Publication Title: 
Journal of Allied Health

As physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) educational programs endeavor to foster core values of social responsibility, justice, and altruism in an increasingly global community, the incorporation of local and international service-learning (ISL) into the curriculum is growing. Much of the research has focused on the measurement of student learning, with little written about the impact on the host community. Proponents of global health initiatives are calling for consideration of all stakeholders to ensure ethical practice.

Author(s): 
Lattanzi, Jill Black
Pechak, Celia
Publication Title: 
Nursing Ethics

BACKGROUND: At a time when British nursing has been under scrutiny for an apparent lack of compassion in education and practice, this paper based offers a perspective on the notions of vocation and altruism in nursing. OBJECTIVES: To understand the vocational and altruistic motivations of nurses through the application of Pierre Bourdieu's concepts of 'symbolic capital', 'field' and 'habitus' through a long interview with nurse respondents. RESEARCH DESIGN: A reflexive qualitative study was undertaken using the long interview.

Author(s): 
Carter, Melody
Publication Title: 
Medical Teacher

PURPOSE: To assess perspectives of residents: (1) who participated in short-term international medical mission trips (STIMMTs) as medical students regarding impact of the experiences on their professional development; and (2) who did not participate in STIMMTs regarding barriers to participation. METHODS: Three hundred seventy-nine residents from 16 programs at two Florida institutions completed surveys requesting Participant and Trip Details and Impact of Participation (including items rating learning, cultural competency, and social responsibility).

Author(s): 
Vu, Megan T.
Johnson, Teresa R.
Francois, Rebecca
Simms-Cendan, Judith
Publication Title: 
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association

PURPOSE: This qualitative study sought to illuminate the perception among Muslim nurses in Kuwait of the role of Islamic values on their nursing practice. DESIGN: Ethnography, specifically Leininger's small scale ethnonursing design, guided the study. METHOD: Eighteen male and female Muslim nurses from five countries, who were working as nurses in Kuwait, were interviewed. The interviews were transcribed and examined for themes.

Author(s): 
Atkinson, Carolyn

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