Cultural Competency

Publication Title: 
International Review of Psychiatry (Abingdon, England)

The Salutogenesis theory and its essential component, the sense of coherence (SOC) is an epigenetic concept. The SOC was defined as a 'way of being in the world'. As such it is most important that one's SOC will be intact for healthy mental status. Collisions between western and non-western cultures might interfere in the process of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. This review demonstrates the importance of a culture-sensitive approach and therapy and the usefulness of specific culture-sensitive services for certain non-western populations.

Author(s): 
Benyamin, Maoz
Hadar, Shalev
Asher, Shiber
Publication Title: 
Contemporary Clinical Trials

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a disease with tremendous individual, family, and societal impact across all race/ethnic groups. Mexican Americans, the largest subgroup of Hispanic Americans, are at even higher risk of stroke than European Americans. AIM: To test the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive, church-based, multi-component, motivational enhancement intervention for Mexican Americans and European Americans in reducing stroke risk factors.

Author(s): 
Brown, Devin L.
Conley, Kathleen M.
Resnicow, Kenneth
Murphy, Jillian
S·nchez, Brisa N.
Cowdery, Joan E.
Sais, Emma
Lisabeth, Lynda D.
Skolarus, Lesli E.
Zahuranec, Darin B.
Williams, Geoffrey C.
Morgenstern, Lewis B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to discover universal and diverse care meanings and expressions of the selected urban African American adolescent gang culture within a qualitative paradigm. DESIGN: The study was conducted using ethnonursing research methodology and was guided by Leininger's theory of culture care. Thirteen key participants and 28 general participants were selected from a school setting in a Midwestern city.

Author(s): 
Morris, Edith J.
Publication Title: 
BMC health services research

BACKGROUND: To describe the maternity care experiences of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander women in Queensland, Australia and to identify areas for policy and practice improvements. METHODS: A culturally-tailored survey requesting both quantitative and qualitative information was completed by respondents either independently (online or in hard copy) or with the assistance of a trained peer-interviewer.

Author(s): 
Parker, Susan
McKinnon, Loretta
Kruske, Sue
Publication Title: 
Journal of Allied Health

As physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) educational programs endeavor to foster core values of social responsibility, justice, and altruism in an increasingly global community, the incorporation of local and international service-learning (ISL) into the curriculum is growing. Much of the research has focused on the measurement of student learning, with little written about the impact on the host community. Proponents of global health initiatives are calling for consideration of all stakeholders to ensure ethical practice.

Author(s): 
Lattanzi, Jill Black
Pechak, Celia
Publication Title: 
Nursing Ethics

BACKGROUND: At a time when British nursing has been under scrutiny for an apparent lack of compassion in education and practice, this paper based offers a perspective on the notions of vocation and altruism in nursing. OBJECTIVES: To understand the vocational and altruistic motivations of nurses through the application of Pierre Bourdieu's concepts of 'symbolic capital', 'field' and 'habitus' through a long interview with nurse respondents. RESEARCH DESIGN: A reflexive qualitative study was undertaken using the long interview.

Author(s): 
Carter, Melody
Publication Title: 
Medical Teacher

PURPOSE: To assess perspectives of residents: (1) who participated in short-term international medical mission trips (STIMMTs) as medical students regarding impact of the experiences on their professional development; and (2) who did not participate in STIMMTs regarding barriers to participation. METHODS: Three hundred seventy-nine residents from 16 programs at two Florida institutions completed surveys requesting Participant and Trip Details and Impact of Participation (including items rating learning, cultural competency, and social responsibility).

Author(s): 
Vu, Megan T.
Johnson, Teresa R.
Francois, Rebecca
Simms-Cendan, Judith
Publication Title: 
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association

PURPOSE: This qualitative study sought to illuminate the perception among Muslim nurses in Kuwait of the role of Islamic values on their nursing practice. DESIGN: Ethnography, specifically Leininger's small scale ethnonursing design, guided the study. METHOD: Eighteen male and female Muslim nurses from five countries, who were working as nurses in Kuwait, were interviewed. The interviews were transcribed and examined for themes.

Author(s): 
Atkinson, Carolyn
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

Spirituality has been identified as one component of a culturally competent therapeutic intervention for African American women. The present study was designed to investigate the ability of factors, such as level of hopelessness and the use of positive religious coping strategies, to predict spiritual well-being over time. Seventy-four low-income African American women were administered self-report questionnaires measuring hopelessness, use of religious coping strategies, and two domains of spiritual well-being.

Author(s): 
Arnette, Natalie C.
Mascaro, Nathan
Santana, M. Carmen
Davis, Shane
Kaslow, Nadine J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings

This study explored intervention outcomes and mechanisms that could help explain why low-income, African American women with a history of intimate partner abuse and suicide attempt improve in response to a culturally-informed intervention, the Grady Nia Project. Specifically, the investigation examined whether or not the intervention had effects on the women and whether or not spiritual well-being and coping mediated the effects of the intervention on suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Huaiyu
Neelarambam, Kiranmayi
Schwenke, Tomina J.
Rhodes, Miesha N.
Pittman, Delishia M.
Kaslow, Nadine J.

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