Databases, Factual

Publication Title: 
BioMed Research International

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is increasingly used to treat patients with erectile dysfunction (ED), and our systematic review aimed to evaluate the current evidence for the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in treating ED. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in eight databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for treating erectile dysfunction that were published in English and Chinese. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool was used to assess the risk of bias. RESULTS: Three RCTs with a total of 183 participants met the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Cui, Xiaoming
Zhou, Jing
Qin, Zongshi
Liu, Zhishun
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

BACKGROUND: Manual acupuncture (MA) is commonly used as a treatment for migraine in China. However, its specific clinical effects have been challenged on the basis that some of its effects may relate to psychological or 'placebo' mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effectiveness of verum MA compared with sham acupuncture for the treatment of migraine. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of verum versus sham MA on migraine.

Author(s): 
Yang, Yan
Que, Qinghui
Ye, Xiaode
Zheng, Guo hua
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion

The ancient literature on Taiyuan (LU 9) was collected to summarize the application laws of this acupoint. One thousand TCM ancient works collected in Chinese Medical Dictionary (fourth edition) were retrieved. The literature on the indications of Taiyuan (LU 9), the indications of Taiyuan (LU 9) combined prescriptions, the laws of acupoints combination and the techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion was collected systematically and the database was set up.

Author(s): 
Mao, Gai
Jia, Hongling
Zhang, Yongchen
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common surgical method in orthopaedics; however, pain management after TKA remains a significant challenge. This review provides a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of acupuncture for postoperative pain after TKA.

Author(s): 
Jung, Jae-Young
Cho, Jae-Heung
Chung, Seok-hee
Publication Title: 
Atencion Primaria

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture for reducing spasticity in post-stroke patients. DESIGN: Literature review. DATA SOURCE: The literature search was performed using scientific databases from January 2000 to January 2013. SELECTION OF STUDIES: Out of the 110 studies that were found, nine random and controlled trials were included. Inclusion criteria were based on clinical trials in which participants were over 18 years old, who were suffering with post-stroke spasticity, and one of the experimental groups was treated with acupuncture.

Author(s): 
Rodríguez-Mansilla, Juan
Espejo-Antúnez, Luis
Bustamante-López, Ana Isabel
Publication Title: 
PloS One

While the use of acupuncture has been recognised by the World Health Organisation, its efficacy for many of the common clinical conditions is still undergoing validation through randomised controlled trials (RCTs). A credible placebo control for such RCTs to enable meaningful evaluation of its efficacy is to be established. While several non-penetrating acupuncture placebo devices, namely the Streitberger, the Park and the Takakura Devices, have been developed and used in RCTs, their suitability as inert placebo controls needs to be rigorously determined.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Claire Shuiqing
Tan, Hsiewe Ying
Zhang, George Shengxi
Zhang, Anthony Lin
Xue, Charlie Changli
Xie, Yi Min
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are common symptoms bothering people in daily life. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat various symptoms and diseases in China and has been demonstrated to be effective. The objective of the present study was to review and analyze the existing data about pain and disability in TCM treatments for NP and LBP. METHODS: Studies were identified by a comprehensive search of databases, such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library, up to September 1, 2013.

Author(s): 
Yuan, Qi-ling
Guo, Tuan-mao
Liu, Liang
Sun, Fu
Zhang, Yin-gang
Publication Title: 
NeuroImage

Neuroimaging studies have become increasingly multimodal in recent years, with researchers typically acquiring several different types of MRI data and processing them along separate pipelines that provide a set of complementary windows into each subject's brain. However, few attempts have been made to integrate the various modalities in the same analysis. Linked ICA is a robust data fusion model that takes multi-modal data and characterizes inter-subject variability in terms of a set of multi-modal components.

Author(s): 
Groves, Adrian R.
Smith, Stephen M.
Fjell, Anders M.
Tamnes, Christian K.
Walhovd, Kristine B.
Douaud, GwenaÎlle
Woolrich, Mark W.
Westlye, Lars T.
Publication Title: 
Science (New York, N.Y.)
Author(s): 
Martin, George M.
LaMarco, Kelly
Strauss, Evelyn
L Kelner, Katrina
Publication Title: 
Molecular Psychiatry

Advanced paternal age has been suggested as a risk factor for autism, but empirical evidence is mixed. This study examines whether the association between paternal age and autism in the offspring (1) persists controlling for documented autism risk factors, including family psychiatric history, perinatal conditions, infant characteristics and demographic variables; (2) may be explained by familial traits associated with the autism phenotype, or confounding by parity; and (3) is consistent across epidemiological studies. Multiple study methods were adopted.

Author(s): 
Hultman, C. M.
Sandin, S.
Levine, S. Z.
Lichtenstein, P.
Reichenberg, A.

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