Databases, Factual

Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

CONTEXT: Our previous review of the literature concluded that there is encouraging evidence that guided imagery alleviates musculoskeletal pain, but the value of guided imagery in the management of non-musculoskeletal pain remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of guided imagery as a treatment option for non-musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: Six databases were searched from their inception to February 2011.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Lewandowski, Wendy
Terry, Rohini
Ernst, Edzard
Stearns, Anthony
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

The National Malaria Control Center of Zambia introduced rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to detect Plasmodium falciparum as a pilot in some districts in 2005 and 2006; scale up at a national level was achieved in 2009. Data on RDT use, drug consumption, and diagnostic results were collected in three Zambian health districts to determine the impact RDTs had on malaria case management over the period 2004-2009.

Author(s): 
Yukich, Joshua O.
Bennett, Adam
Albertini, Audrey
Incardona, Sandra
Moonga, Hawela
Chisha, Zunda
Hamainza, Busiku
Miller, John M.
Keating, Joseph
Eisele, Thomas P.
Bell, David
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Pharmacovigilance programmes monitor and help ensuring the safe use of medicines which is critical to the success of public health programmes. The commonest method used for discovering previously unknown safety risks is spontaneous notifications. In this study we examine the use of data mining algorithms to identify signals from adverse events reported in a phase IIIb/IV clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of several Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in African children.

Author(s): 
Kajungu, Dan K.
Erhart, Annette
Talisuna, Ambrose Otau
Bassat, Quique
Karema, Corine
Nabasumba, Carolyn
Nambozi, Michael
Tinto, Halidou
Kremsner, Peter
Meremikwu, Martin
D'Alessandro, Umberto
Speybroeck, Niko
Publication Title: 
Reviews in the Neurosciences

PURPOSE: We reviewed studies from 1999 to 2009 on anxiolytic effects of different essential oils toward rodents in anxiety-related behavioral models. METHOD: Journal papers that evaluated the anxiolytic effects of essential oils for rodents were extracted from available electronic data bases. RESULTS: The results based on 14 studies showed that different rodent species were recruited including ICR mice and Swiss mice. Most of studies applied the Elevated Plus Maze (EPM) as the animal behavioral model. Lavender oil was the most popular within the 14 studies.

Author(s): 
Tsang, Hector W. H.
Ho, Timothy Y. C.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that up to 60% of children with neurologic conditions have tried complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of CAM among patients presenting to neurology clinics at two academic centers in Canada.

Author(s): 
Galicia-Connolly, Elaine
Adams, Denise
Bateman, Justin
Dagenais, Simon
Clifford, Tammy
Baydala, Lola
King, W. James
Vohra, Sunita
Publication Title: 
TheScientificWorldJournal

In India, Ayurveda has made a major contribution to the drug discovery process with new means of identifying active compounds. Recent advancement in bioavailability enhancement of drugs by compounds of herbal origin has produced a revolutionary shift in the way of therapeutics. Thus, bibliographic investigation was carried out by analyzing classical text books and peer-reviewed papers, consulting worldwide-accepted scientific databases from last 30 years.

Author(s): 
Dudhatra, Ghanshyam B.
Mody, Shailesh K.
Awale, Madhavi M.
Patel, Hitesh B.
Modi, Chirag M.
Kumar, Avinash
Kamani, Divyesh R.
Chauhan, Bhavesh N.
Publication Title: 
TheScientificWorldJournal

In India, Ayurveda has made a major contribution to the drug discovery process with new means of identifying active compounds. Recent advancement in bioavailability enhancement of drugs by compounds of herbal origin has produced a revolutionary shift in the way of therapeutics. Thus, bibliographic investigation was carried out by analyzing classical text books and peer-reviewed papers, consulting worldwide-accepted scientific databases from last 30 years.

Author(s): 
Dudhatra, Ghanshyam B.
Mody, Shailesh K.
Awale, Madhavi M.
Patel, Hitesh B.
Modi, Chirag M.
Kumar, Avinash
Kamani, Divyesh R.
Chauhan, Bhavesh N.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Psychology

This study examined the prediction of preoperative faith factors for perceived spiritual support, indicating existential relationship as a dimension of eudemonic well-being (EWB), at 30 months after cardiac surgery (N=226). The study capitalized on data from preoperative surveys and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons' National Database. Controlling for demographics, cardiac indices, and mental health, hierarchical regression showed that preoperative prayer coping, subjective religiousness, and internal control were positive predictors of spiritual support.

Author(s): 
Ai, Amy Lee
Hopp, Faith
Tice, Terrence N.
Koenig, Harold
Publication Title: 
Diabetes Care

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, preventive care practices, and use of conventional medical services among adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed data on 2,474 adults with diabetes. We created an overall CAM-use category based on use of any of the following: diets, herbs, chiropractic care, yoga, relaxation, acupuncture, ayuverda, biofeedback, chelation, energy healing, Reiki therapy, hypnosis, massage, naturopathy, and homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Garrow, Donald
Egede, Leonard E.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety

PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to characterize reports to poison control centers (PCCs) involving two widely used herbal dietary supplements (HDSs), Echinacea, and St. John's wort (SJW). METHODS: We purchased data from the American Association of Poison Control Center's (AAPCC) toxic exposure surveillance system (TESS(R)) on reports made to PCCs in 2001 involving Echinacea or SJW. Analyses were limited to those cases in which Echinacea or SJW were the only associated products, and in which these HDSs were deemed primary to observed adverse effects.

Author(s): 
Gryzlak, Brian M.
Wallace, Robert B.
Zimmerman, M. Bridget
Nisly, Nicole L.

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