Decision Support Techniques

Publication Title: 
Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992)

The inadequacy of most of traditional sources for medical information, like textbook and review article, do not sustained the clinical decision based on the best evidence current available, exposing the patient to a unnecessary risk. Although not integrated around clinical problem areas in the convenient way of textbooks, current best evidence from specific studies of clinical problems can be found in an increasing number of Internet and electronic databases.

Author(s): 
Bernardo, Wanderley Marques
Nobre, Moacyr Roberto Cuce
Jatene, Fábio Biscegli
Publication Title: 
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a scientific discipline, which develops the related theories from the long-term clinical practices. The large-scale clinical data are the core empirical knowledge source for TCM research. This paper introduces a clinical data warehouse (CDW) system, which incorporates the structured electronic medical record (SEMR) data for medical knowledge discovery and TCM clinical decision support (CDS).

Author(s): 
Zhou, Xuezhong
Chen, Shibo
Liu, Baoyan
Zhang, Runsun
Wang, Yinghui
Li, Ping
Guo, Yufeng
Zhang, Hua
Gao, Zhuye
Yan, Xiufeng
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The collaborative treatment of acupuncture in addition to routine care as an approach for the management of low back pain (LBP) is receiving increasing recognition from both public and professional arenas. In 2010, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family Affairs (MOHW) of South Korea approved the practice of doctors and Oriental medical doctors (acupuncture qualified) working together in the same facility and offering collaborative treatment at the same time for the same disease.

Author(s): 
Kim, Namkwen
Yang, Bongmin
Lee, Taejin
Kwon, Soonman
Publication Title: 
Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England)

OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the evidence on the performance of diagnostic tests used to identify infection in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and of interventions to treat infected DFUs. To use estimates derived from the systematic reviews to create a decision analytic model in order to identify the most effective method of diagnosing and treating infection and to identify areas of research that would lead to large reductions in clinical uncertainty. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases covering period from inception of the database to November 2002.

Author(s): 
Nelson, E. A.
O'Meara, S.
Craig, D.
Iglesias, C.
Golder, S.
Dalton, J.
Claxton, K.
Bell-Syer, S. E. M.
Jude, E.
Dowson, C.
Gadsby, R.
O'Hare, P.
Powell, J.
Publication Title: 
IEEE transactions on cybernetics

Discriminating altruism, particularly kin altruism, is a fundamental mechanism of cooperation in nature. Altruistic behavior is not favored by evolution in the circumstances where there are "kin cheaters" that cannot be effectively identified. Using evolutionary iterated prisoner's dilemma, we deduce the condition for discriminating strategies to be evolutionarily stable and show that the competition between groups of different discriminating strategies restrains the percentage of kin cheaters.

Author(s): 
Li, Jiawei
Kendall, Graham
Publication Title: 
Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie Et De Rèanimation

OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the usefulness of Bispectral Index of the EEG (BIS) for the management of hypertension during laparoscopic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Preliminary, non-randomized study. PATIENTS: 15 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Anaesthesia by TCI of propofol and boluses of fentanyl in order to maintain fentanyl effect site concentration above 2 ng.mL-1 according to Scott kinetics model. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and BIS were recorded.

Author(s): 
Mavoungou, P.
Billard, V.
Moussaud, R.
Potiron, L.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria are increasingly being considered for routine use in Africa. However, many RDTs are available and selecting the ideal test for a particular setting is challenging. The appropriateness of RDT choice depends in part on patient population and epidemiological setting, and on decision makers' priorities. The model presented (available online) can be used by decision makers to evaluate alternative RDTs and assess the circumstances under which their use is justified on economic grounds.

Author(s): 
Lubell, Yoel
Hopkins, Heidi
Whitty, Christopher J. M.
Staedke, Sarah G.
Mills, Anne
Publication Title: 
Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England)

OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the evidence on the performance of diagnostic tests used to identify infection in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and of interventions to treat infected DFUs. To use estimates derived from the systematic reviews to create a decision analytic model in order to identify the most effective method of diagnosing and treating infection and to identify areas of research that would lead to large reductions in clinical uncertainty. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases covering period from inception of the database to November 2002.

Author(s): 
Nelson, E. A.
O'Meara, S.
Craig, D.
Iglesias, C.
Golder, S.
Dalton, J.
Claxton, K.
Bell-Syer, S. E. M.
Jude, E.
Dowson, C.
Gadsby, R.
O'Hare, P.
Powell, J.
Publication Title: 
Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England)

OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the evidence on the performance of diagnostic tests used to identify infection in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and of interventions to treat infected DFUs. To use estimates derived from the systematic reviews to create a decision analytic model in order to identify the most effective method of diagnosing and treating infection and to identify areas of research that would lead to large reductions in clinical uncertainty. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases covering period from inception of the database to November 2002.

Author(s): 
Nelson, E. A.
O'Meara, S.
Craig, D.
Iglesias, C.
Golder, S.
Dalton, J.
Claxton, K.
Bell-Syer, S. E. M.
Jude, E.
Dowson, C.
Gadsby, R.
O'Hare, P.
Powell, J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Participant-centered analysis involves applying the customary methods of statistical decision making at the level of the individual research participant. Consequently, each individual is declared a responder who benefited, a nonresponder, or possibly a responder who was harmed, using intensively collected data that were specific to that individual. There are several implications of the participant-centered approach. More data actually relevant to the important outcome need to be collected on individuals.

Author(s): 
Aickin, Mikel

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Decision Support Techniques