Dementia

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: There is considerable literature on managing depression, burden and psychological morbidity in caregivers of people with dementia (CG). Anxiety has been a relatively neglected outcome measure but may require specific interventions. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise evidence regarding interventions that reduce anxiety in CGs. METHODS: Twenty-four studies met our inclusion criteria. We rated the methodology of studies, and awarded grades of recommendation (GR) for each type of intervention according to Centre for Evidence Based Medicine guidelines, from A (highest level of evidence) to D.

Author(s): 
Cooper, Claudia
Balamurali, T. B. S.
Selwood, Amber
Livingston, Gill
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that physical activity delays the onset of dementia in healthy older adults and slows down cognitive decline to prevent the onset of cognitive disability. Studies using animal models suggest that physical activity has the potential to attenuate the pathophysiology of dementia. 'Physical activity' refers to 'usual care plus physical activity'.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Dorothy
Forbes, Sean
Morgan, Debra G.
Markle-Reid, Maureen
Wood, Jennifer
Culum, Ivan
Publication Title: 
Sao Paulo Medical Journal = Revista Paulista De Medicina

BACKGROUND: This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising ?ndings. OBJECTIVE: Primary: Do exercise programs for older people with dementia improve cognition, activities of daily living (ADLs), challenging behaviour, depression, and mortality in older people with dementia? Secondary: Do exercise programs for older people with dementia have an indirect impact on family caregivers' burden, quality of life, and mortality?

Author(s): 
Cendoroglo, Maysa Seabra
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising findings.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Dorothy
Thiessen, Emily J.
Blake, Catherine M.
Forbes, Scott C.
Forbes, Sean
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Snoezelen, multi-sensory stimulation, provides sensory stimuli to stimulate the primary senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell, through the use of lighting effects, tactile surfaces, meditative music and the odour of relaxing essential oils (Pinkney 1997). The clinical application of snoezelen has been extended from the field of learning disability to dementia care over the past decade.

Author(s): 
Chung, J. C.
Lai, C. K.
Chung, P. M.
French, H. P.
Publication Title: 
Research in Gerontological Nursing

The current review addresses the need for increased use of evidence-based, nonpharmacological therapies for individuals with dementia. To facilitate understanding of the potential efficacy of nonpharmacological therapies on cognitive functioning for individuals with dementia, the mechanisms of action for selected therapies are described, including the assessment method used to identify the mechanism.

Author(s): 
Burgener, Sandy C.
Jao, Ying-Ling
Anderson, Joel G.
Bossen, Ann L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD

The present systematic review is based on the premise that a variety of neurodegenerative diseases are accompanied by grey matter atrophy in the brain and meditation may impact this. Given that age is a major risk factor for many of these progressive and neurodegenerative diseases and that the percentage of the population over the age of 65 is quickly increasing, there is an obvious need for prompt treatment and prevention advances in research.

Author(s): 
Last, Nicole
Tufts, Emily
Auger, Leslie E.
Publication Title: 
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease

Dementia is a common and debilitating syndrome with enormous impact on individuals and societies. Preventing disease onset or progression would translate to public health and societal benefits. In this review, we discuss the latest evidence on interventions that may show promise for the prevention of cognitive decline. We appraise existing evidence primarily drawn from randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, but also highlight observational studies in humans and relevant work in model organisms.

Author(s): 
Rakesh, Gopalkumar
Szabo, Steven T.
Alexopoulos, George S.
Zannas, Anthony S.
Publication Title: 
Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Medication adherence is a crucial part in the management of chronic diseases. As older adults form a greater proportion of the population with chronic diseases and multiple morbidities, understanding medication adherence in older adults becomes important. In the present article, we aimed to systematically review the literature for the factors associated with medication adherence in the geriatric population. We carried out a literature search using electronic databases and related keywords. 17?391 articles were reviewed in total. 65 articles were found to be relevant to our objective.

Author(s): 
Yap, Angela Frances
Thirumoorthy, Thiru
Kwan, Yu Heng
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Dementia is a common illness in older people and has major implications for individuals with the disease, their carers and society. A meta-analysis of population based studies in Europe found the prevalence of dementia in individuals over 65 to be 6.4%. Homeopathy (also spelt "homoeopathy") is a popular form of "complementary" or "alternative" treatment.

Author(s): 
McCarney, R.
Warner, J.
Fisher, P.
Van Haselen, R.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Dementia