Demography

Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Yoga has become increasingly popular in the US and around the world, yet because most yoga research is conducted as clinical trials or experiments, little is known about the characteristics and correlates of people who independently choose to practice yoga. We conducted a systematic review of this issue, identifying 55 studies and categorizing correlates of yoga practice into sociodemographics, psychosocial characteristics, and mental and physical well-being.

Author(s): 
Park, Crystal L.
Braun, Tosca
Siegel, Tamar
Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Yoga has become increasingly popular in the US and around the world, yet because most yoga research is conducted as clinical trials or experiments, little is known about the characteristics and correlates of people who independently choose to practice yoga. We conducted a systematic review of this issue, identifying 55 studies and categorizing correlates of yoga practice into sociodemographics, psychosocial characteristics, and mental and physical well-being.

Author(s): 
Park, Crystal L.
Braun, Tosca
Siegel, Tamar
Publication Title: 
PLoS medicine

BACKGROUND: Depression is a significant cause of morbidity. Many patients have communicated an interest in non-pharmacological therapies to their general practitioners. Systematic reviews of acupuncture and counselling for depression in primary care have identified limited evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate acupuncture versus usual care and counselling versus usual care for patients who continue to experience depression in primary care. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In a randomised controlled trial, 755 patients with depression (Beck Depression Inventory BDI-II score ?

Author(s): 
MacPherson, Hugh
Richmond, Stewart
Bland, Martin
Brealey, Stephen
Gabe, Rhian
Hopton, Ann
Keding, Ada
Lansdown, Harriet
Perren, Sara
Sculpher, Mark
Spackman, Eldon
Torgerson, David
Watt, Ian
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Little effort has been directed toward studying the relationship between morbidity and mortality at exceptional ages, perhaps for no better reason than it has been difficult to do given available data resources. Two study innovations/adjustments are required to adequately represent count data with reports of health from aged sample persons. These design features are oversampling of the exceptional group and linkage to detailed administrative reports. The National Long-Term Care Survey (NLTCS) has made it possible to study health and functioning in the context of exceptional longevity.

Author(s): 
Corder, Larry S.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

The aging phenotype in humans has been thoroughly studied but a detailed metabolic profiling capable of shading light on the underpinning biological processes of longevity is still missing. Here using a combined metabonomics approach compromising holistic (1)H-NMR profiling and targeted MS approaches, we report for the first time the metabolic phenotype of longevity in a well characterized human aging cohort compromising mostly female centenarians, elderly, and young individuals.

Author(s): 
Collino, Sebastiano
Montoliu, Ivan
Martin, FranÁois-Pierre J.
Scherer, Max
Mari, Daniela
Salvioli, Stefano
Bucci, Laura
Ostan, Rita
Monti, Daniela
Biagi, Elena
Brigidi, Patrizia
Franceschi, Claudio
Rezzi, Serge
Publication Title: 
PloS One

The aging phenotype in humans has been thoroughly studied but a detailed metabolic profiling capable of shading light on the underpinning biological processes of longevity is still missing. Here using a combined metabonomics approach compromising holistic (1)H-NMR profiling and targeted MS approaches, we report for the first time the metabolic phenotype of longevity in a well characterized human aging cohort compromising mostly female centenarians, elderly, and young individuals.

Author(s): 
Collino, Sebastiano
Montoliu, Ivan
Martin, FranÁois-Pierre J.
Scherer, Max
Mari, Daniela
Salvioli, Stefano
Bucci, Laura
Ostan, Rita
Monti, Daniela
Biagi, Elena
Brigidi, Patrizia
Franceschi, Claudio
Rezzi, Serge
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The health of the Portuguese has improved considerably in the last twenty years. Economic and social transformations that have contributed to the progressive amelioration of problems of feeding, sanitation, hygiene, housing and social conditions in general, as well as health services, have had decisive effect on this phenomenon. The spectacular regression of the indicators related to transmitted diseases, infant, perinatal (more than 50% between 1985 and 1994) and maternal mortality, and the mortality of children 1 to 4 yr old, also reflects this impact.

Author(s): 
Santana, P.
Publication Title: 
Science (New York, N.Y.)

When organisms as diverse as yeast and rodents are subjected to a restricted diet, they live longer. The good news is, according to Vaupel, Carey, and Christensen in their Perspective, that switching to a restricted diet at any age can yield the benefit of increased longevity--at least in flies (Mair et al.).

Author(s): 
Vaupel, James W.
Carey, James R.
Christensen, Kaare
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with an unusually high rate of aging-related illnesses and early mortality. One aspect of "accelerated aging" in depression may be shortened leukocyte telomeres. When telomeres critically shorten, as often occurs with repeated mitoses or in response to oxidation and inflammation, cells may die. Indeed, leukocyte telomere shortening predicts early mortality and medical illnesses in non-depressed populations.

Author(s): 
Wolkowitz, Owen M.
Mellon, Synthia H.
Epel, Elissa S.
Lin, Jue
Dhabhar, Firdaus S.
Su, Yali
Reus, Victor I.
Rosser, Rebecca
Burke, Heather M.
Kupferman, Eve
Compagnone, Mariana
Nelson, J. Craig
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with an unusually high rate of aging-related illnesses and early mortality. One aspect of "accelerated aging" in depression may be shortened leukocyte telomeres. When telomeres critically shorten, as often occurs with repeated mitoses or in response to oxidation and inflammation, cells may die. Indeed, leukocyte telomere shortening predicts early mortality and medical illnesses in non-depressed populations.

Author(s): 
Wolkowitz, Owen M.
Mellon, Synthia H.
Epel, Elissa S.
Lin, Jue
Dhabhar, Firdaus S.
Su, Yali
Reus, Victor I.
Rosser, Rebecca
Burke, Heather M.
Kupferman, Eve
Compagnone, Mariana
Nelson, J. Craig
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.

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