Dental Caries

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the commonest diseases which afflicts mankind, and has been estimated to affect up to 80% of people in high-income countries. Caries adversely affects and progressively destroys the tissues of the tooth, including the dental pulp (nerve), leaving teeth unsightly, weakened and with impaired function. The treatment of lesions of dental caries, which are progressing through dentine and have caused the formation of a cavity, involves the provision of dental restorations (fillings).

Author(s): 
Fedorowicz, Zbys
Nasser, Mona
Wilson, Nairn
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the commonest diseases which afflicts mankind, and has been estimated to affect up to 80% of people in high-income countries. Caries adversely affects and progressively destroys the tissues of the tooth, including the dental pulp (nerve), leaving teeth unsightly, weakened and with impaired function. The treatment of lesions of dental caries, which are progressing through dentine and have caused the formation of a cavity, involves the provision of dental restorations (fillings). This review updates the previous version published in 2009.

Author(s): 
Agnihotry, Anirudha
Fedorowicz, Zbys
Nasser, Mona
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The aqueous extract from Terminalia chebula was tested for its ability to inhibit the growth and some physiological functions of Streptococcus mutans. The extract strongly inhibited the growth, sucrose induced adherence and glucan induced aggregation of S. mutans. Mouthrinsing with a 10% solution of the extract inhibited the salivary bacterial count and salivary glycolysis.

Author(s): 
Jagtap, A. G.
Karkera, S. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: Dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease. Streptococcus mutans plays a major role in the occurrence of dental caries. Many antibacterial agents have been developed against dental caries. However, they lack the qualities of an ideal agent. Thus presently, antibacterial activity of herbal agents is being extensively studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, ethanol extract of Terminalia chebula was prepared and mouthrinse was formulated.

Author(s): 
Nayak, S. S.
Ankola, A. V.
Metgud, S. C.
Bolmal, U.
Publication Title: 
Ayu

Herbal remedies have a long history of use for gum and tooth problems such as dental caries. The present microbiological study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of three medicinal plants (Terminalia chebula Retz., Clitoria ternatea Linn., and Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck.) Merr.) on three pathogenic microorganisms in the oral cavity (Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus casei, and Staphylococcus aureus). Aqueous extract concentrations (5%, 10%, 25%, and 50%) were prepared from the fruits of Terminalia chebula, flowers of Clitoria ternatea, and leaves of Wedelia chinensis.

Author(s): 
Pratap, Gowd M. J. S.
Manoj, Kumar M. G.
Sai, Shankar A. J.
Sujatha, B.
Sreedevi, E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

Ayurveda is considered as the "science of life," because the ancient Indian system of health care focused views of man and his illness. India has an age-old heritage of traditional herbal medicine. Conventional drugs usually provide effective antibiotic therapy for bacterial infections, but there is an increasing problem of antibiotic resistance and a continuing need for new solutions. Hence, now herbal drugs are being preferred to synthetic antibiotics. 'Triphala' is a well-known powdered preparation in the Indian system of medicine (ISM).

Author(s): 
Prakash, Shobha
Shelke, Anup U.
Publication Title: 
Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR

BACKGROUND: Terminalia chebula is one of the traditional medicines used in the treatment of many diseases and possesses a wide variety of therapeutic activities. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial properties of Terminalia chebula against oral pathogens related to caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, Antimicrobial activity was tested using Kirby bouer method by streaking. Total phenol and total flavonoid content were analysed. Twenty high caries risk patients were subjected to rinse aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula.

Author(s): 
Rekha, Vidhya
Jayamathi, null
RamaKrishnan, null
Vijayalakshmi, Devaki
Prabu, null
Kumar, Nandha
Manipal, Sunayana
Keerthidaa, null
Publication Title: 
Infectious Disorders Drug Targets

Dental caries is a widely prevalent infectious disease afflicting the humans worldwide. Each year oral infections such as dental caries, periodontal diseases and oral candidiasis significantly adds to the economic burden of the world. Though there are standard management techniques for these diseases; they do have side effects and are not cost effective. Ayurveda is a traditional Indian system of medicine that is being practiced in the Indian peninsula since ages. Among the various herbal medicines in ayurveda, triphala occupies a royal position due to its wide beneficial systemic actions.

Author(s): 
Shanbhag, Vagish K. L.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anticar-iogenic efficacy of hot and cold aqueous extracts of Terminalia chebula against Streptococcus mutans as an oral rinse and also to discover the acceptability of the mouthwash in children. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Sixty children between 8 and 12 years with high caries risk were selected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10% concentration of hot and cold aqueous extracts were prepared. Children were randomly divided into extract and control group.

Author(s): 
Palit, Madhuchanda
Hegde, Sundeep K.
Bhat, Sham S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR

INTRODUCTION: From the oral health perspective, it is well established that microorganisms have an important role in caries aetiology. From the dawn of civilization, herbal plants have served an array of roles. Triphala a tradtional herbal Ayurvedic formula consists of three native fruits of india including Terminalia Chebula (T. chebula), Terminalia Bellirica (T. bellirica) and Embilica Officinalis (E. officinalis). As per Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) Triphala is prepared by combining a 1:1:1 mixture of ground dry fruits called myrobalans.

Author(s): 
Saxena, Smariti
Lakshminarayan, Nagesh
Gudli, Shanmukha
Kumar, Manish

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