Dental Plaque

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

AIM: To critically appraise and evaluate the evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) examining the effectiveness of oil pulling on oro dental hygiene. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in Medline, Embase, Amed, The Cochrane Library and Cinahl databases from inception to February 2015, and assessed reporting quality using the Cochrane risk of bias criteria. We included RCTs that compared oil pulling using conventional cooking oils with a control intervention. Our primary outcomes were measures of oro dental hygiene using validated scales.

Author(s): 
Gbinigie, Oghenekome
Onakpoya, Igho
Spencer, Elizabeth
McCall MacBain, Marcy
Heneghan, Carl
Publication Title: 
The Ceylon Medical Journal

INTRODUCTION: Different systems of traditional medicine of the Indian subcontinent, have used Acacia chundra Willd, Adhatoda vasica Nees., Mimusops elengi L., Piper nigrum L., Pongamia pinnata L. Pirerre, Quercus infectoria Olivier., Syzygium aromaticum L., Terminalia chebula Retz., Zingiber officinale Roscoe., individually or in combinations, to cure oral diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the oral hygiene and gingival health benefits of toothpaste formulated with a mixture of the above herbs (15% w/w).

Author(s): 
Jayashankar, S.
Panagoda, G. J.
Amaratunga, E. a. P. D.
Perera, K.
Rajapakse, P. S.
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

A double blind, randomized, controlled study with three parallel treatment groups was done to evaluate the efficacy of a Terminalia chebula 10% mouth rinse compared with chlorhexidine 0.12% mouth rinse, applied two times daily for 2 weeks, in the treatment of dental plaque and gingivitis. Seventy-eight patients were included in the study. The efficacy variables were periodontal indices on days 0, 7 and 14 after commencement of therapy. Twenty six patients received chlorhexidine mouth rinse, twenty six Terminalia chebula mouth rinse and twenty six received saline solution.

Author(s): 
Gupta, Devanand
Bhaskar, D. J.
Gupta, Rajendra Kumar
Karim, Bushra
Gupta, Vipul
Punia, Himanshu
Batra, Manu
Jain, Ankita
Agarwal, Amit
Singh, Pradeep
Publication Title: 
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Terminalia chebula on plaque and gingival inflammation and compare it with the gold standard chlorhexidine (CHX 0.2%) and distilled water as control (placebo). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double-blind randomised control trial was conducted among undergraduate students who volunteered. They were randomly allocated into three study groups: 1) Terminalia chebula mouthwash (n = 30); 2) chlorhexidine (active control) (n = 30); 3) distilled water (placebo) (n = 30).

Author(s): 
Gupta, Devanand
Gupta, Rajendra Kumar
Bhaskar, Dara John
Gupta, Vipul
Publication Title: 
Infectious Disorders Drug Targets

Dental caries is a widely prevalent infectious disease afflicting the humans worldwide. Each year oral infections such as dental caries, periodontal diseases and oral candidiasis significantly adds to the economic burden of the world. Though there are standard management techniques for these diseases; they do have side effects and are not cost effective. Ayurveda is a traditional Indian system of medicine that is being practiced in the Indian peninsula since ages. Among the various herbal medicines in ayurveda, triphala occupies a royal position due to its wide beneficial systemic actions.

Author(s): 
Shanbhag, Vagish K. L.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The fruit of the Terminalia chebula tree has been widely used for the treatment of various disorders. Its anti-diabetic, anti-mutagenic, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-viral effects have been studied. Dental plaque bacteria (DPB) are intimately associated with gingivitis and periodontitis. In the quest for materials that will prove useful in the treatment and prevention of periodontal disease, we investigated the preventive effects of an ethanol extract of Terminalia chebula (EETC) on DPB-induced inflammation and bone resorption.

Author(s): 
Lee, Jongsung
Nho, Youn Hwa
Yun, Seok Kyun
Hwang, Young Sun
Publication Title: 
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons

One cannot practise dentistry without realising that for the patient, the control of pain and fear is extremely important. Modern technical advances have made painless dentistry a reality and yet research has shown that more people avoid dental treatment through fear of pain than all other factors combined. Dental surgeons and psychologists agree that patients frequently magnify their unpleasant dental experiences.

Author(s): 
Benson, P. E.
Publication Title: 
Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Dental caries is one of the most common preventable childhood diseases; people are susceptible to this ailment throughout their lifetime. In the US, 90% of late adolescents and young adults have dental caries, while 94% of all dentate adults had evidence of treated or untreated coronal caries. Dental caries is often not self-limiting and without proper care can progress until the tooth is destroyed. AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: In this paper, the etiology of dental caries is briefly introduced.

Author(s): 
Chen, Fu
Wang, Dong
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Dentistry

The concept of gingival massage on maintaining the health of the gingiva may be of value as an adjunct in the periodontal maintenance phase of treatment. This study compared dental floss to a test product, a massage device, in a randomized population of 20 male and female subjects. Clinical measurements were taken at baseline, week 3, and week 6. Patients were instructed to brush twice daily using their normal hygiene methods and to use the assigned product once daily.

Author(s): 
Kazmierczak, M.
Mather, M.
Anderson, T. M.
Ciancio, S. G.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Homeopathic medicine (HM) in the treatment of Chronic Periodontitis (CP) aims to restore the vital energy balance of the patient allowing the body to heal itself. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the additional benefits of HM as an adjunctive to conventional periodontal treatment (CPT).

Author(s): 
Mourão, L. C.
Moutinho, H.
Canabarro, A.

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