Depression, Postpartum

Publication Title: 
Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives

BACKGROUND: National statistics related specifically to the mental health of women in the perinatal period is poorly acknowledged in Australia. Maternal deaths related to mental health in the perinatal period can be attributed to a lack of appropriate treatment and/or support. A barrier to women's help-seeking behaviors is the lack of discrete, perinatal specific interventions where women can self-assess and access support. AIM: This review examines original research evaluating perinatal mental health interventions used by women to improve mental health.

Author(s): 
Lavender, Theressa J.
Ebert, Lyn
Jones, Donovan
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: The morbidity caused by postnatal depression is enormous. Several psychological or psychosocial interventions have appeared to be effective for treating the disorder although they have not shown a clear benefit in preventing the development of PND. As yet however, the effectiveness of hypnosis has not been evaluated in relation to this. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of hypnosis for preventing postnatal depression compared with usual antenatal, intranatal, or postnatal care.

Author(s): 
Sado, Mitsuhiro
Ota, Erika
Stickley, Andrew
Mori, Rintaro
Publication Title: 
Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience

Maternal perinatal mental health has enormous consequences for the well-being of the mother, her baby, and the family. Although it is well documented that perinatal depression is both common and morbid, with a prevalence of 10% to 15% in the general population, there remain many critically important unanswered questions about the pathogenesis of perinatal depression and most effective treatment regimens.

Author(s): 
Meltzer-Brody, Samantha
Publication Title: 
The Psychiatric Clinics of North America

A discussion of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic management of mental disorders in the pregnant woman is presented, with the focus on alternative health approaches and nutrition awareness. The article explores some considerations of modifiable risk factors thought to play a role in epigenetic manifestations of infant and child illness. Several case examples show the potential for integrative medicine in patients of reproductive age.

Author(s): 
Brogan, Kelly
Publication Title: 
Molecular Psychiatry

Postpartum depression (PPD) affects ?10-18% of women in the general population and results in serious consequences to both the mother and offspring. We hypothesized that predisposition to PPD risk is due to an altered sensitivity to estrogen-mediated epigenetic changes that act in a cell autonomous manner detectable in the blood. We investigated estrogen-mediated epigenetic reprogramming events in the hippocampus and risk to PPD using a cross-species translational design.

Author(s): 
Guintivano, J.
Arad, M.
Gould, T. D.
Payne, J. L.
Kaminsky, Z. A.
Publication Title: 
Appetite

BACKGROUND: While maternal nutrition during pregnancy is known to play a critical role in the health of both mother and offspring, the magnitude of this association has only recently been realized. Novel, epigenetic data suggest that maternal dietary intake has permanent phenotypic consequences for offspring, highlighting the potency of antenatal diet. To date, the relationship between poor antenatal diet and maternal mental health specifically, remains poorly understood.

Author(s): 
Baskin, Rachel
Hill, Briony
Jacka, Felice N.
O'Neil, Adrienne
Skouteris, Helen
Publication Title: 
Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

OBJECTIVE: To describe spiritually augmented cognitive behaviour therapy (SACBT) and its applications. METHODS: The background for the need to incorporate spirituality into therapy is considered, and SACBT as a therapy for sustaining mental health and functional recovery is described. Cognitive and behavioural components are considered, including the use of existential techniques in discovering meaning. The use of meditation and the validation and incorporation of the appropriate belief system of patients into their treatment are described.

Author(s): 
D'Souza, Russell F.
Rodrigo, Angelo
Publication Title: 
Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi = Psychiatria Et Neurologia Japonica

The perinatal period is important for establishing the mother-to-infant bond. Especially, psychiatric disorders during this period, such as postnatal depression, significantly affect mother-to-infant attachment. Recently, the concept of "Bonding Disorder" has been proposed to identify attachment disturbances between mothers and infants. Here, we report a case of bonding disorder effectively treated by Naikan therapy. The patient was a 28-year-old female.

Author(s): 
Furuichi, Atsushi
Mizobe, Koji
Nukina, Syu
Kawahara, Ryuzo
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Nursing & Midwifery

Postnatal depression is a serious and debilitating condition. Due to the perceived stigma of mental illness, the incidence of it is underreported and many mothers refuse psychiatric help either assuming postnatal depression to be normal or because of the potential consequences of having a psychiatric history. Community practitioners who are in contact with new mothers may welcome additional interventions which can enhance the supportive care they give to these women.

Author(s): 
Mantle, Fiona
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Postpartum depression is experienced by 10-15% of women who give birth (Bloch, Rolenberg, Koren, & Klein, 2006). This disorder causes maternal distress and has been significantly associated with infant and child developmental problems (Carter, Garrity-Rokous, Chazan-Cohen, Little, & Briggs-Gowan, 2001). Once believed to be contraindicated (Crasilneck & Hall, 1985), hypnosis for depressive disorders has been advocated as an effective intervention strategy (Yapko, 2001).

Author(s): 
Yexley, Melinda J.

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